SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Feldman M, Schiller LR. Disorders of gastrointestinal motility associated with diabetes mellitus. Ann Intern Med 1983; 98: 37884.
  • 2
    Camilleri M. Advances in diabetic gastroparesis. Rev Gastroenterol Disord 2002; 2: 4756.
  • 3
    Parkman HP, Hasler WL, Fisher RS. American Gastroenterological Association technical review on the diagnosis and treatment of gastroparesis. Gastroenterology 2004; 127: 1592622.
  • 4
    Koch KL. Diabetic gastropathy: gastric neuromuscular dysfunction in diabetes mellitus: a review of symptoms, pathophysiology, and treatment. Dig Dis Sci 1999; 44: 106175.
  • 5
    Vittal H, Farrugia G, Gomez G, Pasricha PJ. Mechanisms of disease: the pathological basis of gastroparesis–a review of experimental and clinical studies. Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol 2007; 4: 33646.
  • 6
    Phillips LK, Rayner CK, Jones KL, Horowitz M. An update on autonomic neuropathy affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Curr Diab Rep 2006; 6: 41723.
  • 7
    Young HM, Ciampoli D, Southwell BR, Newgreen DF. Origin of interstitial cells of Cajal in the mouse intestine. Dev Biol 1996; 180: 97107.
  • 8
    Sanders KM, Ördög T, Koh SD, Torihashi S, Ward SM. Development and plasticity of interstitial cells of Cajal. Neurogastroenterol Motil 1999; 11: 31138.
  • 9
    Klüppel M, Huizinga JD, Malysz J, Bernstein A. Developmental origin and Kit-dependent development of the interstitial cells of cajal in the mammalian small intestine. Dev Dyn 1998; 211: 6071.
  • 10
    Sohal GS, Ali MM, Farooqui FA. A second source of precursor cells for the developing enteric nervous system and interstitial cells of Cajal. Int J Dev Neurosci 2002; 20: 61926.
  • 11
    Komuro T. Structure and organization of interstitial cells of Cajal in the gastrointestinal tract. J Physiol 2006; 576: 6538.
  • 12
    Sanders KM, Ward SM. Kit mutants and gastrointestinal physiology. J Physiol 2007; 578: 3342.
  • 13
    Hirst GD, Edwards FR. Electrical events underlying organized myogenic contractions of the guinea pig stomach. J Physiol 2006; 576: 65965.
  • 14
    Rich A, Miller SM, Gibbons SJ, Malysz J, Szurszewski JH, Farrugia G. Local presentation of Steel factor increases expression of c-kit immunoreactive interstitial cells of Cajal in culture. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2003; 284: G31320.
  • 15
    Ördög T, Baldo M, Danko R, Sanders KM. Plasticity of electrical pacemaking by interstitial cells of Cajal and gastric dysrhythmias in W/W mutant mice. Gastroenterology 2002; 123: 202840.
  • 16
    Ördög T, Takayama I, Cheung WK, Ward SM, Sanders KM. Remodeling of networks of interstitial cells of Cajal in a murine model of diabetic gastroparesis. Diabetes 2000; 49: 17319.
  • 17
    Choi KM, Gibbons SJ, Yang DK et al. Differences in protein expression between diabetic NOD mice with and without delayed gastric emptying. Gastroenterology 2007; 132: A-112.
  • 18
    Horváth VJ, Vittal H, Lőrincz A et al. Reduced stem cell factor links smooth myopathy and loss of interstitial cells of cajal in murine diabetic gastroparesis. Gastroenterology 2006; 130: 75970.
  • 19
    Yamamoto T, Watabe K, Nakahara M et al. Involvement of interstitial cells of Cajal in gastrointestinal dysmotility of diabetic db/db mice. Gastroenterology 2006; 130: A-90.
  • 20
    Long QL, Fang DC, Shi HT, Luo YH. Gastro-electric dysrhythm and lack of gastric interstitial cells of cajal. World J Gastroenterol 2004; 10: 122730.
  • 21
    Wang XY, Huizinga JD, Diamond J, Liu JWC. Loss of intramuscular interstitial cells of Cajal and enteric nerves in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat stomach. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2006; 18: 758.
  • 22
    Forster J, Damjanov I, Lin Z, Sarosiek I, Wetzel P, McCallum RW. Absence of the interstitial cells of Cajal in patients with gastroparesis and correlation with clinical findings. J Gastrointest Surg 2005; 9: 1028.
  • 23
    McCallum RW, Lin Z, Damjanov I, Sarosiek I, Forster J. Interstitial cells of Cajal in the stomach of patients with gastroparesis. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2006; 18: 758.
  • 24
    Iwasaki H, Kajimura M, Osawa S et al. A deficiency of gastric interstitial cells of Cajal accompanied by decreased expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase and substance P in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Gastroenterol 2006; 41: 107687.
  • 25
    He CL, Soffer EE, Ferris CD, Walsh RM, Szurszewski JH, Farrugia G. Loss of interstitial cells of cajal and inhibitory innervation in insulin-dependent diabetes. Gastroenterology 2001; 121: 42734.
  • 26
    Nakahara M, Isozaki K, Hirota S et al. Deficiency of KIT-positive cells in the colon of patients with diabetes mellitus. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2002; 17: 66670.
  • 27
    Ördög T, Irwin N, Takayama I, Ward SM, Sanders KM. Depletion of interstitial cells of Cajal and electrical abnormalities in a murine model of diabetic colon dysfunction. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2004; 16: 664.
  • 28
    Vanderwinden JM, Rumessen JJ. Interstitial cells of Cajal in human gut and gastrointestinal disease. Microsc Res Tech 1999; 47: 34460.
  • 29
    Streutker CJ, Huizinga JD, Driman DK, Riddell RH. Interstitial cells of Cajal in health and disease. Part I: normal ICC structure and function with associated motility disorders. Histopathology 2007; 50: 17689.
  • 30
    Huizinga JD. Gastrointestinal peristalsis: joint action of enteric nerves, smooth muscle, and interstitial cells of Cajal. Microsc Res Tech 1999; 47: 23947.
  • 31
    Maeda H, Yamagata A, Nishikawa S, Yoshinaga K, Kobayashi S, Nishi K. Requirement of c-kit for development of intestinal pacemaker system. Development 1992; 116: 36975.
  • 32
    Albertí E, Mikkelsen HB, Wang XY et al. Pacemaker activity and inhibitory neurotransmission in the colon of Ws/Ws mutant rats. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2007; 292: G1499510.
  • 33
    Sanders KM, Koh SD, Ward SM. Interstitial cells of cajal as pacemakers in the gastrointestinal tract. Annu Rev Physiol 2006; 68: 30743.
  • 34
    Ward SM, Sanders KM. Interstitial cells of Cajal: primary targets of enteric motor innervation. Anat Rec 2001; 262: 12535.
  • 35
    Chen H, Ördög T, Chen J et al. Differential gene expression in functional classes of interstitial cells of Cajal in murine small intestine. Physiol Genomics 2007; 31: 492509.
  • 36
    De Lorijn F, De Jonge WJ, Wedel T, Vanderwinden JM, Benninga MA, Boeckxstaens GE. Interstitial cells of Cajal are involved in the afferent limb of the rectoanal inhibitory reflex. Gut 2005; 54: 110713.
  • 37
    Fox EA, Phillips RJ, Byerly MS, Baronowsky EA, Chi MM, Powley TL. Selective loss of vagal intramuscular mechanoreceptors in mice mutant for steel factor, the c-Kit receptor ligand. Anat Embryol (Berl) 2002; 205: 32542.
  • 38
    Kraichely RE, Farrugia G. Mechanosensitive ion channels in interstitial cells of Cajal and smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal tract. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2007; 19: 24552.
  • 39
    Sivarao DV, Mashimo HL, Thatte HS, Goyal RK. Lower esophageal sphincter is achalasic in nNOS(-/-) and hypotensive in W/W(v) mutant mice. Gastroenterology 2001; 121: 3442.
  • 40
    Dixit D, Zarate N, Liu LW, Boreham DR, Huizinga JD. Interstitial cells of Cajal and adaptive relaxation in the mouse stomach. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2006; 291: G112936.
  • 41
    Farré R, Wang XY, Vidal E et al. Interstitial cells of Cajal and neuromuscular transmission in the rat lower oesophageal sphincter. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2007; 19: 48496.
  • 42
    Samsom M, Roelofs JM, Akkermans LM, Van Berge Henegouwen GP, Smout AJ. Proximal gastric motor activity in response to a liquid meal in type I diabetes mellitus with autonomic neuropathy. Dig Dis Sci 1998; 43: 4916.
  • 43
    Camilleri M, Brown ML, Malagelada JR. Relationship between impaired gastric emptying and abnormal gastrointestinal motility. Gastroenterology 1986; 91: 949.
  • 44
    Ördög T, Ward SM, Sanders KM. Interstitial cells of cajal generate electrical slow waves in the murine stomach. J Physiol 1999; 1: 25769.
  • 45
    Telander RL, Morgan KG, Kreulen DL, Schmalz PF, Kelly KA, Szurszewski JH. Human gastric atony with tachygastria and gastric retention. Gastroenterology 1978; 75: 497501.
  • 46
    Chen JD, Lin Z, Pan J, McCallum RW. Abnormal gastric myoelectrical activity and delayed gastric emptying in patients with symptoms suggestive of gastroparesis. Dig Dis Sci 1996; 41: 153845.
  • 47
    Takano H, Imaeda K, Koshita M et al. Alteration of the properties of gastric smooth muscle in the genetically hyperglycemic OLETF rat. J Auton Nerv Syst 1998; 70: 1808.
  • 48
    Owyang C, Hasler WL. Physiology and pathophysiology of the interstitial cells of Cajal: from bench to bedside VI. Pathogenesis and therapeutic approaches to human gastric dysrhythmias. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2002; 283: G815.
  • 49
    Beckett EA, Ro S, Bayguinov Y, Sanders KM, Ward SM. Kit signaling is essential for development and maintenance of interstitial cells of Cajal and electrical rhythmicity in the embryonic gastrointestinal tract. Dev Dyn 2007; 236: 6072.
  • 50
    Imaeda K, Takano H, Koshita M, Yamamoto Y, Joh T, Suzuki H. Electrical properties of colonic smooth muscle in spontaneously non-insulin-dependent diabetic rats. J Smooth Muscle Res 1998; 34: 111.
  • 51
    Forrest A, Parsons M. The enhanced spontaneous activity of the diabetic colon is not the consequence of impaired inhibitory control mechanisms. Auton Autacoid Pharmacol 2003; 23: 14958.
  • 52
    Smith B. Neuropathology of the oesophagus in diabetes mellitus. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1974; 37: 11514.
  • 53
    Pardi DS, Miller SM, Miller DL et al. Paraneoplastic dysmotility: loss of interstitial cells of Cajal. Am J Gastroenterol 2002; 97: 182833.
    Direct Link:
  • 54
    Nishikawa T, Edelstein D, Du XL et al. Normalizing mitochondrial superoxide production blocks three pathways of hyperglycaemic damage. Nature 2000; 404: 78790.
  • 55
    Choi KM, Gibbons SJ, Roeder JL et al. Regulation of interstitial cells of Cajal in the mouse gastric body by neuronal nitric oxide. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2007; 19: 58595.
  • 56
    Horváth VJ, Vittal H, Ördög T. Reduced insulin and IGF-I signaling, not hyperglycemia, underlies the diabetes-associated depletion of interstitial cells of Cajal in the murine stomach. Diabetes 2005; 54: 152833.
  • 57
    Wouters MM, Gibbons SJ, Roeder JL et al. Exogenous serotonin regulates proliferation of interstitial cells of Cajal in mouse jejunum through 5-HT2B receptors. Gastroenterology 2007; 133: 897906.
  • 58
    Ye J, Zhu Y, Khan WI, Van Snick J, Huizinga JD. IL-9 enhances growth of ICC, maintains network structure and strengthens rhythmicity of contraction in culture. J Cell Mol Med 2006; 10: 68794.