• 1
    Richter JE, Baldi F, Clouse RE, Diamant NE, Janssens J, Staiano A. Functional esophageal disorders. Gastroenterol Int 1992; 5: 317.
  • 2
    Parkman HP, Maurer AH, Caroline DF, Miller DL, Krevsky B, Fisher RS. Optimal evaluation of patients with nonobstructive esophageal dysphagia. Manometry, scintigraphy, or videoesophagography? Dig Dis Sci 1996; 41: 135568.
  • 3
    Benjamin SB, Castell DO, Richter JE. When is esophageal spasm, spasm? Gastroenterology 1983; 85: 21920.
  • 4
    Benjamin SB, Gerhardt DC, Castell DO. High amplitude, peristaltic esophageal contractions associated with chest pain and/or dysphagia. Gastroenterology 1979; 77: 47883.
  • 5
    Clouse RE, Ferney DM. Rhythmic spontaneous contractions in patients with esophageal symptoms. Am J Gastroenterol 1986; 81: 66671.
  • 6
    Howard PJ, Pryde A, Heading RC. Esophageal manometry during eating in the investigation of patients with chest pain or dysphagia. Gut 1989; 30: 117986.
  • 7
    Sears VW Jr, Castell JA, Castell DO. Comparison of effects of upright versus supine body position and liquid versus solid bolus on esophageal pressures in normal humans. Dig Dis Sci 1990; 35: 85764.
  • 8
    Cordier L, Bohn B, Bonaz B, Gueddah N, Bost R, Fournet J. Evaluation of esophageal motility disorders triggered by ingestion of solids in the case of non-obstructive dysphagia. Gastroenterol Clin Biol 1999; 23: 2006.
  • 9
    Aprile LR, De Oliveira RB, Dantas RO, Silny J, Sifrim D. Relationship between abnormal bolus transport and dysphagia. Gastroenterology 2006; 130: AA72.
  • 10
    Bohn B, Bonaz B, Gueddah N et al. Esophageal motor and sensitivity abnormalities in non-obstructive dysphagia. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2002; 14: 2717.
  • 11
    Silny J. Intraluminal multiple electric impedance procedure for measurement of gastrointestinal motility. J Gastrointest Motil 1991; 3: 15162.
  • 12
    Simren M, Silny J, Holloway R, Tack J, Janssens J, Sifrim D. Relevance of ineffective esophageal motility during esophageal acid clearance. Gut 2003; 52: 78490.
  • 13
    Tutuian R, Vela MF, Balaji NS et al. Esophageal function testing with combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and manometry: multicenter study in healthy volunteers. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2003; 1: 17482.
  • 14
    Spechler SJ, Castell DO. Classification of oesophageal motility abnormalities. Gut 2001; 49: 14551.
  • 15
    Byrt T, Bishop J, Carlin JB. Bias, prevalence and kappa. J Clin Epidemiol 1993; 46: 4239.
  • 16
    Lin HM, Williamson JM, Lipsitz SR. Calculation power for the comparison of dependent ?coefficients. Appl Stat 2003; 52: 391404.
  • 17
    Meshkinpour H, Eckerling G. Unexplained dysphagia: viscous swallow-induced esophageal dysmotility. Dysphagia 1996; 11: 1258.
  • 18
    Herrington JP, Burns TW, Balart LA. Chest pain and dysphagia in patients with prolonged peristaltic contractile duration of the esophagus. Dig Dis Sci 1984; 29: 13440.
  • 19
    Jacob P, Kahrilas PJ, Vanagunas A. Peristaltic dysfunction associated with nonobstructive dysphagia in reflux disease. Dig Dis Sci 1990; 35: 93942.
  • 20
    Conchillo JM, Nguyen NQ, Samsom M, Holloway RH, Smout AJ. Multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring in the evaluation of patients with non-obstructive Dysphagia. Am J Gastroenterol 2005; 100: 262432.
    Direct Link:
  • 21
    Katz PO, Dalton CB, Richter JE, Wu WC, Castell DO. Esophageal testing of patients with noncardiac chest pain or dysphagia. Results of three years’ experience with 1161 patients. Ann Intern Med 1987; 106: 5937.
  • 22
    Stein HJ, Singh S, Demeester TR. ‘Efficacy’ of esophageal peristalsis: a manometric parameter to quantify esophageal body dysfunction. Dis Esophagus 2004; 17: 297303.
  • 23
    Deschner WK, Maher KA, Cattau EL Jr, Benjamin SB. Manometric responses to balloon distention in patients with nonobstructive dysphagia. Gastroenterology 1989; 97: 11815.
  • 24
    Clouse RE, McCord GS, Lustman PJ, Edmundowicz SA. Clinical correlates of abnormal sensitivity to intraesophageal balloon distension. Dig Dis Sci 1991; 36: 10405.
  • 25
    Allen ML, Orr WC, Mellow MH, Robinson MG. Water swallows versus food ingestion as manometric tests for esophageal dysfunction. Gastroenterology 1988; 95: 8313.
  • 26
    Tutuian R, Castell DO. Combined multichannel intraluminal impedance and manometry clarifies esophageal function abnormalities: study in 350 patients. Am J Gastroenterol 2004; 99: 10119.
    Direct Link:
  • 27
    Baker JA, Kornguth PJ, Floyd CE Jr. Breast imaging reporting and data system standardized mammography lexicon: observer variability in lesion description. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1996; 166: 7738.
  • 28
    Markus JB, Somers S, Franic SE, Moola C, Stevenson GW. Interobserver variation in the interpretation of abdominal radiographs. Radiology 1989; 171: 6971.
  • 29
    Ghillebert G, Janssens J, Vantrappen G, Nevens F, Piessens J. Ambulatory 24 hour intraoesophageal pH and pressure recordings v provocation tests in the diagnosis of chest pain of oesophageal origin. Gut 1990; 31: 73844.
  • 30
    Deschner WK, Maher KA, Cattau EL Jr, Benjamin SB. Intraesophageal balloon distention versus drug provocation in the evaluation of noncardiac chest pain. Am J Gastroenterol 1990; 85: 93843.
  • 31
    Richter JE, Barish CF, Castell DO. Abnormal sensory perception in patients with esophageal chest pain. Gastroenterology 1986; 91: 84552.