SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • dyspepsia;
  • gastroesophageal reflux;
  • population-based study

Abstract

Background  The overlap of dyspepsia and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is known to be frequent, but whether the overlap group is a distinct entity or not remains unclear. The aims of the study was to evaluate whether the overlap of dyspepsia and GER (dyspepsia-GER overlap) occurs more than expected due to chance alone, and evaluate the risk factors for dyspepsia-GER overlap.

Methods  In 2008 and 2009, a validated Bowel Disease Questionnaire was mailed to a total of 8006 community sample from Olmsted County, MN. Overall, 3831 of the 8006 subjects returned surveys (response rate 48%). Dyspepsia was defined by symptom criteria of Rome III; GER was defined by weekly or more frequent heartburn and/or acid regurgitation.

Key Results  Dyspepsia and GER occurred together more commonly than expected by chance. The somatic symptom checklist score was significantly associated with dyspepsia-GER overlap vs GER alone or dyspepsia alone [OR = 1.9 (1.4, 2.5), and 1.6 (1.2, 2.1), respectively]. Insomnia was also significantly associated with dyspepsia-GER overlap vs. GER alone or dyspepsia alone [OR = 1.4 (1.1, 1.7), OR = 1.3 (1.1, 1.6), respectively]. Moreover, proton pump inhibitor use was significantly associated with dyspepsia-GER overlap vs dyspepsia alone [OR = 2.4 (1.5, 3.8)].

Conclusions & Inferences  Dyspepsia-GER overlap is common in the population and is greater than expected by chance.