Background Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) refers to a wide and heterogeneous group of neuromuscular disorders, which classically involve the small intestine. However, further investigation is required to determine if motility disturbances involve all parts of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
Methods Medical records and follow-up examinations of 116 adult CIPO patients [70F, median age 28 (0–79) years] were reviewed and performed at our institution since 1980. Manometry (esophageal, small bowel and anorectal) and gastric emptying scintigraphy reports were retrieved and analyzed. Survival, home parenteral nutrition requirement, and the inability to maintain sufficient oral feeding was analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis.
Key Results The median follow-up time was 6 (0.1–30) years. In all, 90% of patients who underwent at least one motility test, with the exception of small bowel manometry, exhibited at least one abnormal pattern. Esophageal manometry was abnormal in 73% of the cases, including 51% with severe ineffective esophageal motility. Anorectal manometry was abnormal in 59% of the cases, including only 17% with severe abnormalities. Gastric emptying was abnormal in 61% of the cases. Only esophageal motor disorders had significant predicting values for survival, home parenteral nutrition requirement, and an inability to maintain sufficient oral feeding.
Conclusions & Inferences Our study showed that CIPO was associated with a diffuse involvement of all parts of the GI tract and was not restricted to the small intestine in 90% of the cases studied. Esophageal manometry had a significant prognostic yield and should be systematically performed in CIPO patients.