SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Prescott SL, Macaubas C, Smallacombe T, Holt BJ, Sly PD, Holt PG. Development of allergen-specific T-cell memory in atopic and normal children. Lancet 1999; 353:196200.
  • 2
    Strachan DP, Taylor EM, Carpenter RG. Family structure, neonatal infection and hay fever in adolescence. Archives of Disease in Childhood 1996; 74:422426.
  • 3
    Von Mutius E. The increase in asthma can be ascribed to cleanliness. Pro/ con editorials. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2001; 164:11061107.
  • 4
    Platts-Mills TA, Woodfolk JA, Sporik RB. The increase in asthma cannot be ascribed to cleanliness. Pro/ con editorials. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2001; 164:11071108.
  • 5
    Peroni DG, Boner AL, Vallone G, Antolini I, Warner JO. Effective allergen avoidance at high altitude reduces allergen-induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 1994; 149:14421446.
  • 6
    Von Mutius E. Environmental factors influencing the development and progression of pediatric asthma. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2002; 109:S525S532.
  • 7
    Matricardi PM, Rosmini F, Ferrigno L, Nisini R, Rapicetta M, Chionne P, et al. Cross sectional retrospective study of prevalence of atopy among Italian military students with antibodies against hepatitis A virus. British Medical Journal 1997; 314:9991003.
  • 8
    Wickens K, Pearce N, Crane J, Beasley R. Antibiotic use in early childhood and the development of asthma. Clinical and Experimental Allergy 1999; 29:766771.
  • 9
    Kalliomaki M, Salminen S, Arvilommi H, Kero P, Koskinen P, Isolauri E. Probiotics in primary prevention of atopic disease: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 2001; 357:10761079.
  • 10
    Kalliomaki M, Salminen S, Poussa T, Arvilommi H, Isolauri E. Probiotics and prevention of atopic disease: 4- year follow-up of a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 2003; 361:18691871.
  • 11
    Hessle C, Hanson LA, Wold AE. Lactobacilli from human gastrointestinal mucosa are strong stimulators of IL-12 production. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 1999; 116:276282.
  • 12
    Maassen CB, Van Holton-Neelen C, Balk F, Den Bak-Glashouwer MJ, Leer RJ, Laman JD, et al. Strain-dependent induction of cytokine profiles in the gut by orally administered Lactobacillus strains. Vaccine 2000; 18:26132623.
  • 13
    Gibson GR, Roberfroid MB. Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota: introducing the concept of prebiotics. Journal of Nutrition 1995; 125:14011412.
  • 14
    Vanderhoof JA, Whitney DB, Antonson DL, Hanner TL, Lupo JV, Young RJ. Lactobacillus GG in the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children. Journal of Pediatrics 1999; 135:564568.
  • 15
    Macfarlane GT, Cummings JH. Probiotics and prebiotics: can regulating the activities of intestinal bacteria benefit health? British Medical Journal 1999; 318:9991003.
  • 16
    Ghisolfi J, Roberfroid M, Rigo J, Moro G, Polanco I. Infant formula supplemented with probiotics or prebiotics. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 2002; 35:467469.
  • 17
    Taylor AL, Dunstan JA, Prescott SL. Probiotic supplementation for the first 6 months of life fails to reduce the risk of atopic dermatitis and increases the risk of allergen sensitization in high-risk children: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2007; 119:184191.
  • 18
    Kukkonen K, Savilahti E, Haahtela T, Juntunen-Backman K, Korpela R, Poussa T, et al. Probiotics and prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharides in the prevention of allergic diseases: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2007; 119:192198.
  • 19
    Borriello SP, Hammes WP, Holzapfel W, Marteau P, Schrezenmeir J, Vaara M, et al. Safety of probiotics that contain Lactobacilli or Bifidobacteria. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2003; 36:775780.
  • 20
    Land MH, Rouster-Steven K, Woods DR, Cannon ML, Cnota J, Shetty AK. Lactobacillus sepsis associated with probiotic therapy. Pediatrics 2005; 115:178181.
  • 21
    Martinez FD, Wright AL, Taussig LM, Holberg CJ, Halonen M, Morgan WJ. Asthma and wheezing in the first six years of life. New England Journal of Medicine 1995; 332:133138.
  • 22
    Castro-Rodriguez JA, Holberg CJ, Wright AL, Martinez FD. A clinical index to define risk of asthma in young children with recurrent wheezing. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2000; 162:14031406.
  • 23
    Leung TF, Lam CW, Chan IH, Li AM, Ha G, Tang NL, et al. Inhalent allergens as risk factors for the development and severity of mild-to-moderate asthma in Hong Kong Chinese children. Journal of Asthma 2002; 39:232330.
  • 24
    Mrazek DA, Klinnert M, Mrazek PJ, Brower A, McCormick D, Rubin B, et al. Prediction of early-onset asthma in genetically at risk children. Pediatric Pulmonology 1999; 27:8594.
  • 25
    Klinnert MD, Nelson HS, Price MR, Adinoff AD, Leung DYM, Mrazek DA. Onset and persistence of childhood asthma: predictors from infancy. Pediatrics 2001; 108: e69.
  • 26
    Bacharier LB, Dawson C, Bloomberg GR, Bender B, Wilson L, Strunk RC, Childhood Asthma Management Program Research Group. Hospitalization for asthma: atopic, pulmonary function, and psychological correlates among participants in the Childhood Asthma Management Program. Pediatrics 2003, 112: e85e92.
  • 27
    Hughes JM, Rimmer SJ, Salome CM, Hodge L, Liu-Brennan D, Woolcock AJ, et al. Eosinophilia, interleukin-5, and tumour necrosis factor-alpha in asthmatic children. Allergy 2001; 56:412418.
  • 28
    Karakoc F, Remes ST, Martinez FD, Wright AL. The association between persistent eosinophilia and asthma in childhood is independent of atopic status. Clinical and Experimental Allergy 2002; 32:5156.
  • 29
    Liu AH, Spahn JD, Leung DYM. Chapter 134: Childhood Asthma. In: Nelson's Textbook of Pediatrics. 17th edn. Editors: BehrmanRE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2004; pp. 760773.
  • 30
    Gustafsson D, Sjoberg O, Foucard T. Development of allergies and asthma in infants and young children with atopic dermatitis: a prospective follow-up to 7 years of age. Allergy 2000; 55:240245.
  • 31
    Peat JK, Li J. Reversing the trend: reducing the prevalence of asthma. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 1999; 103:110.
  • 32
    Holt PG. Primary allergic sensitization to environmental antigens: perinatal T cell priming as a determinant of responder phenotype in adulthood. Journal of Experimental Medicine 1996; 183:12971301.