ABSTRACT. The circadian flight activity of female Aedes aegypti (L.) changes after insemination and during the course of the gonotrophic cycle. Virgin females attain a high level of spontaneous activity within 3–4 days of adult emergence; in LD 12:12 there are peaks of activity at the beginning and end of the light phase. Inseminated females are less than 20% as active as virgins, but exhibit a similar daily pattern. After blood-feeding, inseminated females become almost totally inactive for about 48h and then show a unimodal pattern of activity which is consistent with oviposition behaviour; after oviposition they revert to the basic inseminated pattern and level of activity. Blood-fed virgin females continue to show a high level of spontaneous activity. It is suggested that insemination has the general effect of raising the threshold for activity and that it is necessary before blood-fed females can switch to the gravid behaviour programme. Blood-fed uninseminated females thus continue with behaviour which will maximize the probability of insemination.