Abdominal ventilatory pattern in crickets depends on the stridulatory motor pattern


Abt.Verhaltensphysiologie, Institut für Biologie.Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Invalidenstr.43, D-10 115 Berlin, Germany.


Abstract. Ventilatory motor patterns were recorded from abdominal muscles in crickets, Gryllus campestris L.and Teleogryllus commodus (Walker), at rest and during three types of stridulatory motor activity; calling, courtship and aggressive song.

Increases in ventilatory period were almost exclusively due to an increase of the pause between expiratory bursts, whereas abdominal ventilatory bursts remained constant at 200 ms.Ventilatory patterns depended on the stridulatory motor pattern and indicated that the same basic respiratory oscillator exists in both cricket species.

In G.campestris there was a strict 1:1 coupling between chirps and ventilatory bursts.In T.commodus such a relationship was also observed for the chirp part of the songs, but less strictly for the trill part of the calling song and not for the courtship song.In both species the onset of the ventilatory burst was within ± 100 ms of a stridulatory chirp.Ventilatory burst lasted longer the earlier they began before a stridulatory chirp.This suggests strongly that the stridulatory motor pattern terminates the expiratory burst, and thus influences the ventilatory motor pattern.