• abscisic acid;
  • dormancy;
  • embryo;
  • hormone response;
  • germination;
  • preharvest sprouting;
  • temperature;
  • wheat

Abstract. Mature wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grain often possesses high-temperature dormancy which restricts the grain from germinating at warm temperatures (25–30°C). Isolated embryos from such grain exhibited little high-temperature dormancy when germinated in water. Dormancy was restored by the application of abscisic acid (ABA) to the embryos. The ability of ABA to block germination in isolated embryos was enhanced significantly by elevating the germination temperature. ABA was 100 times more effective in reducing embryonic germination at 30°C than at 15°C. These temperature effects on embryonic response to ABA are a useful system for studying the mechanism of ABA action in seed dormancy.