Changes in glutamate dehydrogenase activity of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii under different trophic and stress conditions

Authors

  • J MUÑOZ-BLANCO,

    1. Departmento de Bioquímica y Biol. Mol. y Fisiología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Córdoba, Avda. San Alberto Magno s/n, E-14071-Córdoba, Spain
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  • J. CARDENAS

    Corresponding author
    1. Departmento de Bioquímica y Biol. Mol. y Fisiología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Córdoba, Avda. San Alberto Magno s/n, E-14071-Córdoba, Spain
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Depto. Bioquimica y Biol Mol. y Fisiología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Córdoba, Avda. San Alberto Magno s/n, 14071-Córdoba, Spain.

Abstract

Abstract. Under stress conditions (darkness, nitrogen starvation, high ammonium concentrations, glutamine synthetase and glutamate synthase inhibition) glutamate dehydrogenase animating activity levels of Chlamydomonas cells varied inversely to those of glutamine synthetase. Nitrogen and carbon sources also influenced glutamate dehydrogenase levels in Chlamydomonas, the highest values being found in cells cultured mixotrophically with ammonium, under which conditions glutamate dehydrogenase and glutamine synthetase levels were likewise inversely related. These facts, together with the analysis of internal fluctuations of ammonium, 2-oxoglutarate, and the amino acid pool as well as the variations of certain enzymes involved in carbon metabolism indicate that glutamate dehydrogenase animating activity is adaptative, being involved in the maintenance of intracellular levels of L-glutamate when they cannot be maintained by the GS-GOGAT cycle, and probably more connected with carbon than nitrogen metabolism.

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