• light saturation;
  • meteorological dependency;
  • Norway spruce;
  • Scots pine;
  • seasonal variation


Simple light use efficiency (ɛ) models of net primary production (NPP) have recently been given great attention (NPP = ɛ × absorbed photosynthetically active radiation). The underlying relationships have, however, not been much studied on a time step less than a month. In this study daily NPP was estimated as the sum of net ecosystem exchange (NEE) and heterotrophic respiration (Rh) of a mixed pine and spruce forest in Sweden. NEE was measured by eddy correlation technique and Rh was estimated from measurements of forest floor respiration (Rf) and the root share of Rf. The total yearly NPP was on average 810 g C m−2 year−1 for 3 years and yearly ɛ was between 0.58 and 0.71 g C MJ−1, which is high in comparison with other studies. There was a seasonal trend in ɛ with a relatively constant level of approximately 0.90 g C MJ−1 from April to September Daily NPP did not increase for daily intercepted radiation above 6 MJ m−2 d−1, indicating that between-years variation in NPP is not directly dependent on total Qi. The light was most efficiently used at an average daytime temperature of around 15 °C. At daytime vapour pressure deficit above 1400 Pa ɛ was reduced by approximately 50%.