SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Addington R.N., Mitchell R.J., Oren R. & Donvan L.A. (2004) Stomatal sensitivity to vapor pressure deficit and its relationship to hydraulic conductance in Pinus palustris. Tree Physiology 24, 561569.
  • Becker P., Meinzer F.C. & Wullschleger S.D. (2000) Hydraulic limitation of tree height: a critique. Functional Ecology 14, 411.
  • Bond B.J. & Ryan M.G. (2000) Comment on ‘Hydraulic Limitation of Tree Height: a Critique’ by Becker, Meinzer & Wullschleger. Functional Ecology 14, 137140.
  • Bond-Lamberty B., Wang C. & Gower S.T. (2002a) Aboveground and belowground biomass and sapwood area equations for six boreal tree species of northern Manitoba. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32, 14411450.
  • Bond-Lamberty B., Wang C.K., Gower S.T. & Norman J. (2002) Leaf area dynamics of a boreal black spruce fire chronosequence. Tree Physiology 22, 9931001.
  • Bond-Lamberty B., Wang C.K. & Gower S.T. (2003) The use of multiple measurement techniques to refine estimates of conifer needle geometry. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33, 101105.
  • Bond-Lamberty B., Wang C.K. & Gower S.T. (2004) Net primary production and net ecosystem production of a boreal black spruce wildfire chronosequence. Global Change Biology 10, 473487.
  • Chambers J.L., Hinckley T.M., Cox G.S., Metcalf C.L. & Aslin R.G. (1985) Boundary-line analysis and models of leaf conductance for 4 oak-hickory forest species. Forest Science 31, 437450.
  • Clearwater M.J., Meinzer F.C., Andrade J.L., Goldstein G. & Holbrook N.M. (1999) Potential errors in measurement of nonuniform sap flow using heat dissipation probes. Tree Physiology 19, 681687.
  • Cochard Y., Bréda N. & Granier A. (1996) Whole tree hydraulic conductance and water loss regulation in Quercus during drought: evidence for stomatal control of embolism? Annales Des Sciences Forestieres 53, 197206.
  • Coyea M.R. & Margolis H.A. (1992) Factors affecting the relationship between sapwood area and leaf area of balsam fir. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 22, 16841693.
  • Dang Q.L., Margolis H.A., Coyea M.R., Sy M. & Collatz G.J. (1997) Regulation of branch-level gas exchange of boreal trees: roles of shoot water potential and vapor pressure difference. Tree Physiology 17, 521535.
  • Ewers B.E. & Oren R. (2000) Analyses of assumptions and errors in the calculation of stomatal conductance from sap flux measurements. Tree Physiology 20, 579589.
  • Ewers B.E., Mackay D.S., Gower S.T., Ahl D.E., Burrows S.N. & Samanta S.S. (2002) Tree species effects on stand transpiration in northern Wisconsin. Water Resources Research 38 (7), 111.
  • Ewers B.E., Oren R., Johnsen K.H. & Landsberg J.J. (2001a) Estimating maximum mean canopy stomatal conductance for use in models. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne de Recherche Forestiere 31, 198207.
  • Ewers B.E., Oren R., Phillips N., Stromgren M. & Linder S. (2001b) Mean canopy stomatal conductance responses to water and nutrient availabilities in Picea abies and Pinus taeda. Tree Physiology 21, 841850.
  • Ewers B.E., Oren R. & Sperry J.S. (2000) Influence of nutrient versus water supply on hydraulic architecture and water balance in Pinus taeda. Plant Cell and Environment 23, 10551066.
  • Franks P.J. (2004) Stomatal control and hydraulic conductance, with special reference to tall trees. Tree Physiology 24, 865878.
  • Goff J.A. & Gratch S. (1946) List 1947, Smithsonian Meteorological Tables. Transactions of the American Society of Ventilation Engineering. 52, 95.
  • Goulden M.L. & Field C.B. (1994) 3 Methods for monitoring the gas-exchange of individual tree canopies – ventilated-chamber, sap-flow and Penman–Monteith measurements on evergreen oaks. Functional Ecology 8, 125135.
  • Goulden M.L., Daube B.C., Fan S.M., Sutton D.J., Bazzaz A., Munger J.W. & Wofsy S.C. (1997) Physiological responses of a black spruce forest to weather. Journal of Geophysical Research 102, 2898728996.
  • Gower S.T., Kucharik C.J. & Norman J.M. (1999) Direct and indirect estimation of leaf area index, fAPAR and net primary production of terrestrial ecosystems. Remote Sensing of Environment 70, 2951.
  • Gower S.T., Mcmurtrie R.E. & Murty D. (1996) Aboveground net primary production decline with stand age: potential causes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 11, 378382.
  • Gower S.T., Vogel J.G., Norman J.M., Kucharik C.J., Steele S.J. & Stow T.K. (1997) Carbon distribution and aboveground net primary production in aspen, jack pine, and black spruce stands in Saskatchewan and Manitoba, Canada. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 24, 2902929041.
  • Granier A. (1987) Sap flow measurements in Douglas-fir tree trunks by means of a new thermal method. Annales Des Sciences Forestieres 44, 114.
  • Gunderson C.A., Sholtis J.D., Wullschleger S.D., Tissue D.T., Hanson P.J. & Norby R.J. (2002) Environmental and stomatal control of photosynthetic enhancement in the canopy of a sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) plantation during 3 years of CO2 enrichment. Plant, Cell and Environment 25, 379393.
  • Gutsell S.L. & Johnson E.A. (2002) Accurately ageing trees and examining their height-growth rates: implications for interpreting forest dynamics. Journal of Ecology 90, 153166.
  • Hacke U.G. & Sperry J.S. (2001) Functional and ecological xylem anatomy. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 4, 97115,.
  • Hacke U.G., Sperry J.S., Ewers B.E., Ellsworth D.S., Schafer K.V.R. & Oren R. (2000) Influence of soil porosity on water use in Pinus taeda. Oecologia 124, 495505.
  • Hacke U.G., Sperry J.S., Pockman W.T., Davis S.D. & McCulloh K.A. (2001) Trends in wood density and structure are linked to prevention of xylem implosion by negative pressure. Oecologia 126, 457461.
  • Hogg E.H. & Hurdle P.A. (1997) Sap flow in trembling aspen: implications for stomatal responses to vapor pressure deficit. Tree Physiology 17, 501509.
  • Hogg E.H., Black T.A., Den Hartog G., Neumann H.H., Zimmermann R., Hurdle P.A., Blanken P.D., Nesic Z., Yang P.C., Staebler R.M., Mcdonald K.C. & Oren R. (1997) A Comparison of sap flow and eddy fluxes of water vapor from a boreal deciduous forest. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 102, 2892928937.
  • Hogg E.H., Saugier B., Pontailler J.Y., Black T.A., Chen W., Hurdle P.A. & Wu A. (2000) Responses of trembling aspen and hazelnut to vapor pressure deficit in a boreal deciduous forest. Tree-Physiology. 20, 725734.
  • Hubbard R.M., Bond B.J. & Ryan M.G. (1999) Evidence that hydraulic conductance limits photosynthesis in old Pinus poderosa trees. Tree Physiology 19, 165172.
  • James S.A., Clearwater M.J., Meinzer F.C. & Goldstein G. (2002) Heat dissipation sensors of variable length for the measurement of sap flow in trees with deep sapwood. Tree Physiology 22, 277283.
  • Jarvis P.G. (1976) The interpretation of the variation in leaf water potential and stomatal conductance found in canopies in the field. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 273, 593610.
  • Jones H.G. (1992) Plants and Microclimate: a Quantitative Approach to Environmental Plant Physiology, pp. 411. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA.
  • Katul G., Leuning R. & Oren R. (2003) Relationship between plant hydraulic and biochemical properties derived from a steady-state coupled water and carbon transport model. Plant, Cell and Environment 26, 399350.
  • Kramer P.J. & Boyer J.S. (1995) Water Relations of Plants and Soils pp. 495. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA.
  • Légaré S., Paré D. & Bergeron Y. (2004) The responses of black spruce growth to an increased proportion of aspen in mixed stands.Canadian Journal of Forest Research I, 405416.
  • Lieffers V.J. & Rothwell R.L. (1986) Effects of water table and substrate temperature on root and top growth of Picea mariana and Larix laricina seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 16, 12011206.
  • Lieffers V.J. & Rothwell R.L. (1987) Rooting of peatland black spruce and tamarack in relations to depth of water table. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 65, 817821.
  • Littel R.C., Milliken G.A., Stroup W.W. & Wolfinger R.D. (1996) SAS System for Mixed Models. SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA.
  • Lu P., Muller W.J. & Chacko E.K. (2000) Spatial variations in xylem sap flux density in the trunk of orchard-grown, mature mango trees under changing soil water conditions. Tree Physiology 20, 683692.
  • Lundblad M., Lagergren F. & Lindroth A. (2001) Evaluation of heat balance and heat dissipation methods for sapflow measurements in pine and spruce. Annals of Forest Science 58, 625638.
  • Magnani F., Mencuccini M. & Grace J. (2000) Age-related decline in stand productivity: the role of structural acclimation under hydraulic constraints. Plant, Cell and Environment 23, 251263.
  • Martin T.A., Brown K.J., Cermak J., Ceulemans R., Kucera J., Meinzer F.C., Rombold J.S., Sprugel D.G. & Hinckley T.M. (1997) Crown conductance and tree and stand transpiration in a second-growth Abies amabilis forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne de Recherche Forestiere 27, 797808.
  • McDowell N., Barnard H., Bond B.J., et al. (2002a) The relationship between tree height and leaf area: sapwood area ratio. Oecologia 132, 1220.
  • McDowell N.G., Phillips N., Lunch C., Bond B.J. & Ryan M.G. (2002b) An investigation of hydraulic limitation and compensation in large, old Douglas-fir trees. Tree Physiology 22, 763774.
  • Meinzer F.C. & Grantz D.A. (1991) Coordination of stomatal, hydraulic, and canopy boundary-layer properties – do stomata balance conductances by measuring transpiration. Physiologia Plantarum 83, 324329.
  • Meinzer F.C., Goldstein G., Holbrook N.M., Jackson P. & Cavelier J. (1993) Stomatal and environmental-control of transpiration in a lowland tropical forest tree. Plant, Cell and Environment 16, 429436.
  • Mencuccini M., Grace J. & Fioravanti M. (1997) Biomechanical and hydraulic determinants of tree structure in scots pine: anatomical characteristics. Tree Physiology 17, 105113.
  • Monteith J.L. (1995) A reinterpretation of stomatal responses to humidity. Plant, Cell and Environment 18, 357364.
  • Monteith J.L. & Unsworth M.H. (1990) Principles of Environmental Physics. Edward Arnold, London., UK.
  • Mott K.A. & Parkhurst D.F. (1991) Stomatal response to humidity in air and helox. Plant, Cell and Environment 14, 509515.
  • Nardini A., Lo Gullo M.A. & Tracanelli S. (1996) Influence of leaf water status on stomatal response to humidity, hydraulic conductance and soil drought in Betula occidentalis. Planta 196, 357366.
  • Ogle K. & Reynolds J.F. (2002) Desert dogma revisited: coupling of stomatal conductance and photosynthesis in the desert shrub, Larrea tridentata. Plant, Cell and Environment 25, 909921.
  • Oren R., Phillips N., Ewers B.E., Pataki D.E. & Megonigal J.P. (1999b) Sap-flux-scaled transpiration responses to light, vapor pressure deficit, and leaf area reduction in a flooded Taxodium distichum forest. Tree Physiology 19, 337347.
  • Oren R., Phillips N., Katul G., Ewers B.E. & Pataki D.E. (1998) Scaling xylem sap flux and soil water balance and calculating variance: a method for partitioning water flux in forests. Annales Des Sciences Forestieres 55, 191216.
  • Oren R., Sperry J.S., Ewers B.E., Pataki D.E., Phillips N. & Megonigal J.P. (2001) Sensitivity of mean canopy stomatal conductance to vapor pressure deficit in a flooded Taxodium distichum L. forest: hydraulic and non-hydraulic effects. Oecologia 126, 2129.
  • Oren R., Sperry J.S., Katul G.G., Pataki D.E., Ewers B.E., Phillips N. & Schafer K.V.R. (1999a) Survey and synthesis of intra- and interspecific variation in stomatal sensitivity to vapour pressure deficit. Plant, Cell and Environment 22, 15151526.
  • Oren R., Zimmerman R. & Terborgh J. (1996) Transpiration in upper Amazonian floodplain and upland forests in response to drought breaking rains. Ecology 77, 968973.
  • Pataki D.E., Oren R., Katul G. & Sigmon J. (1998)Canopy conductance of Pinus taeda, Liquidambar styraciflua and Quercus phellos under varying atmospheric and soil water conditions. Tree Physiology 18, 307315.
  • Pataki D.E., Oren R. & Phillips N. (1998) Responses of sap flux and stomatal conductance of Pinus taeda L. trees to stepwise reductions in leaf area. Journal of Experimental Botany 49, 871878.
  • Pataki D.E., Oren R. & Smith W.K. (2000) Sap flux of co-occurring species in a western subalpine forest during seasonal soil drought. Ecology 81, 25572566.
  • Pearcy R.W., Ehleringer J., Mooney H.A. & Rundel P.W. (1989) Plant Physiological Ecology, pp. 434. Chapman & Hall, London, UK.
  • Pezeshki S.R. & Hinckley T.M. (1988) Water relations characteristics of Alnus rubra and Populus trichocarpa-response to field drought. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 18, 11591166.
  • Phillips N. & Oren R. (1998) A comparison of daily representations of canopy conductance based on two conditional time-averaging methods and the dependence of daily conductance on environmental factors. Annales Des Sciences Forestieres 55, 217235.
  • Phillips N., Bond B.J., McDowell N.G. & Ryan M.G. (2002) Canopy and hydraulic conductance in young, mature and old douglas-fir trees. Tree Physiology 22, 205211.
  • Phillips N., Oren R. & Zimmermann R. (1996) Radial patterns of xylem sap flow in non-, diffuse- and ring-porous tree species. Plant, Cell and Environment 19, 983990.
  • Pothier D., Margolis H.A., Poliquin J. & Waring R.H. (1989) Relation between the permeability and the anatomy of jack pine sapwood with stand development. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19, 15641570.
  • Pothier D., Margolis H.A. & Waring R.H. (1989) Patterns of change of saturated sapwood permeability and sapwood conductance with stand development. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19, 432439.
  • Powers R.F. & Van Cleve K. (1991) Long-term ecological research in temperature and boreal forest ecosystems. Agronomy Journal 83, 1124.
  • Rayment M.B., Loustau D. & Jarvis P.G. (2000) Measuring and modeling conductances of black spruce at three organizational scales: shoot, branch and canopy. Tree Physiology 20, 713723.
  • Ryan M.G. & Yoder B.J. (1997) Hydraulic limits to tree height and tree growth. Bioscience 47, 235242.
  • Ryan M.G., Bond B.J., Law B.E., Hubbard R.M., Woodruff D., Cienciala E. & Kucera J. (2000) Transpiration and whole-tree conductance in ponderosa pine trees of different heights. Oecologia 124, 553560.
  • Saliendra N.Z., Sperry J.S. & Comstock J.P. (1995) Influence of leaf water status on stomatal response to humidity, hydraulic conductance, and soil drought in Betula occidentalis. Planta 196, 357366.
  • Salleo S., Lo Gullo M.A., Raimondo F. & Nardini A. (2001) Vulnerability to cavitation of leaf minor veins: any impact on leaf gas exchange? Plant, Cell and Environment 24, 851859.
  • Salleo S., Nardini A., Pitt F. & Lo Gullo M. (2000) Xylem Cavitation and hydraulic control of stomatal conductance in Laurel (Laurus noblis L.). Plant, Cell and Environment 23, 7179.
  • Saugier B., Granier A., Pontailler J.Y., Dufrene E. & Baldocchi D.D. (1997) Transpiration of a boreal pine forest measured by branch bag, sap flow and micrometeorological methods. Tree Physiology 17, 511519.
  • Schafer K.V.R., Oren R. & Tenhunen J.D. (2000) The effect of tree height on crown level stomatal conductance. Plant Cell and Environment 23, 365375.
  • Sellers P., Hall F., Margolis H., et al. (1995) The boreal ecosystem-atmosphere study (boreas) – an overview and early results from the 1994 field year. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 76, 15491577.
  • Smith W.K. & Carter G.A. (1988) Shoot structural effects on needle temperatures and photosynthesis in conifers. American Journal of Botany 75, 496500.
  • Sokal R.R. & Rohlf F.J. (1995). Biometry. W.H. Freeman, New York, USA.
  • Sperry J.S. (1995) Limitations on stem water transport and their consequences. In Plant Stems: Physiology and Function Morphology (ed B.L.Gartner), pp. 105224. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA.
  • Sperry J.S., Adler F.R., Campbell G.S. & Comstock J.P. (1998) Limitation of plant water use by rhizosphere and xylem conductance: results from a model. Plant, Cell and Environment 21, 347359.
  • Tyree M.T. & Sperry J.S. (1988) Do woody-plants operate near the point of catastrophic xylem dysfunction caused by dynamic water-stress – answers from a model. Plant Physiology 88, 574580.
  • Tyree M.T. & Sperry J.S. (1989) Vulnerability of xylem to cavitation and embolism. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 40, 1938.
  • Wang C.K., Bond-Lamberty B. & Gower S.T. (2003) Carbon distribution of well- and poorly-drained black spruce fire chronosequence. Global Change Biology 9, 10661079.
  • Whitehead D. & Jarvis P.G. (1981) Coniferous forests and plantations. In Water Deficits and Plant Growth, Vol. VI (ed. T.T.Kowlowski), pp. 49152. Academic Press, New York, USA.
  • Whitehead D., Edwards W.R.N. & Jarvis P.G. (1984) Conducting sapwood area, foliage area, and permeability in mature trees of Picea sitchensis and Pinus contorta. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 14, 940947.
  • Yanai R.D., Arthur M.A., Siccama T.G. & Federer C.A. (2000) Challenges of measuring a forest floor organic matter dynamics: Repeated measures from a chronosequence. Forest Ecology and Management 138, 273283.