SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Ahlfors R., Lång S., Overmyer K., et al. (2004a) Arabidopsis thaliana RADICAL-INDUCED CELL DEATH 1 belongs to the WWE protein–protein interaction-domain protein family and modulates abscisic acid, ethylene, and methyl jasmonate responses. Plant Cell 16, 19251937.
  • Ahlfors R., Macioszek V., Rudd J., Brosché M., Schlichting R., Scheel D. & Kangasjärvi J. (2004b) Stress hormone-independent activation and nuclear translocation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in Arabidopsis thaliana plants during ozone exposure. Plant Journal 40, 512522.
  • Alvarez M.E., Pennell R.I., Meijer P.-J., Ishikawa A., Dixon R.A. & Lamb C. (1998) Reactive oxygen intermediates mediate a systemic signal network in the establishment of plant immunity. Cell 92, 773784.
  • Aravind L. (2001) The WWE domain: a common interaction module in protein ubiquitination and ADP ribosylation. Trends in Biochemical Sciences 26, 273275.
  • Assmann S.M. (2002) Heterotrimeric and unconventional GTP binding proteins in plant cell signaling. Plant Cell 14, S355S373.
  • Baier M., Kandlbinder A., Golldack D. & Dietz K.-J. (2005) Oxidative stress and ozone: perception, signalling and response. Plant, Cell and Environment 28, in press.
  • Barth C. & Conklin P.L. (2003) The lower cell density of leaf parenchyma in the Arabidopsis thaliana mutant lcd1–1 is associated with increased sensitivity to ozone and virulent Pseudomonas syringae. Plant Journal 35, 206218.
  • Beers E.P. & McDowell J.M. (2001) Regulation and execution of programmed cell death in response to pathogens, stress and developmental cues. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 4, 561567.
  • Belles-Boix E., Babiychuk E., Van Montagu M., Inzé D. & Kushnir S. (2000) CEO1, a new protein from Arabidopsis thaliana, protects yeast against oxidative damage. Federation of European Biochemical Societies Letters 482, 1924.
  • Berger S. (2002) Jasmonate-related mutants of Arabidopsis as tools for studying stress signals. Planta 214, 497504.
  • Bolwell G.P., Bindschedler L.V., Blee K.A., Butt V.S., Davies D.R., Gardner S.L., Gerrish C. & Minibayeva F. (2002) The apoplastic oxidative burst in response to biotic stress in plants: a three-component system. Journal of Experimental Botany 53, 13671376.
  • Booker F.L., Burkey K.O., Overmyer K. & Jones A.M. (2004) Differential responses of G-protein Arabidopsis thaliana mutants to ozone. New Phytologist 162, 633641.
  • Castillo F.J. & Heath R.L. (1990) Ca2+ transport in membrane vesicles from pinto bean leaves and its alteration after ozone exposure. Plant Physiology 94, 788795.
  • Chang C.C.-C., Ball L., Fryer M.J., Baker N.R., Karpinski S. & Mullineaux P.M. (2004) Induction of ASCORBATE PEROXIDASE 2 expression in wounded Arabidopsis leaves does not involve known wound-signalling pathways but is associated with changes in photosynthesis. Plant Journal 38, 499511.
  • Clayton H., Knight M.R., Knight H., McAinsh M.R. & Hetherington A.M. (1999) Dissection of the ozone-induced calcium signature. Plant Journal 17, 575579.
  • Conklin P.L. & Barth C. (2004) Ascorbic acid, a familiar small molecule intertwined in the response of plants to ozone, pathogens, and the onset of senescence. Plant, Cell and Environment 27, 959970.
  • Conklin P.L., Norris S.R., Wheeler G.L., Williams E.H., Smirnoff N. & Last R.L. (1999) Genetic evidence for the role of GDP-mannose in plant ascorbic acid (vitamin C) synthesis. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of the USA 96, 41984203.
  • Conklin P.L., Williams E.H. & Last R.L. (1996) Environmental stress sensitivity of an ascorbic acid-deficient Arabidopsis mutant. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of the USA 93, 99709974.
  • Coursol S., Fan L.-M., Le Stunff H., Spiegel S., Gilroy S. & Assmann S.M. (2003) Sphingolipid signalling in Arabidopsis guard cells involves heterotrimeric G proteins. Nature 423, 651654.
  • Durner J., Shah J. & Klessig D.F. (1997) Salicylic acid and disease resistance in plants. Trends in Plant Science 2, 266274.
  • Farmer E.E., Weber H. & Vollenweider S. (1998) Fatty acid signaling in Arabidopsis. Planta 206, 167174.
  • Ferro M., Salvi D., Brugière S., Miras S., Kowalski S., Louwagie M., Garin J., Joyard J. & Rolland N. (2003) Proteomics of the chloroplast envelope membranes from Arabidopsis thaliana. Molecular and Cellular Proteomics 2, 325345.
  • Foyer C. H. & Noctor G. (2005) Oxidant and antioxidant signalling in plants: a re-evaluation of the concept of oxidative stress in a physiological context. Plant, Cell and Environment 28, in press.
  • Fryer M.J., Ball L., Oxborough K., Karpinski S., Mullineaux P.M. & Baker N.R. (2003) Control of Ascorbate peroxidase 2 expression by hydrogen peroxide and leaf water status during excess light stress reveals a functional organisation of Arabidopsis leaves. Plant Journal 33, 691705.
  • Fujibe T., Saji H., Arakawa K., Yabe N., Takeuchi Y. & Yamamoto K.T. (2004) A methyl viologen-resistant mutant of Arabidopsis, which is allelic to ozone-sensitive rcd1, is tolerant to supplemental UV-B irradiation. Plant Physiology 134, 275285.
  • Gunderson C.A. & Taylor G.E. (1991) Ethylene directly inhibits foliar gas exchange in Glycine max. Plant Physiology 95, 10161020.
  • Heath R.L. & Taylor G.E. Jr (1997) Physiological processes and plant responses to ozone exposure. In Forest Decline and Ozone (eds H.Sandermann, A.R.Wellburn & R.L.Heath), pp. 317368. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.
  • Hill A.C. & Littlefield N. (1969) Ozone. Effect on apparent photosynthesis rate of transpiration and stomatal closure in plants. Environmental Science and Technology 3, 5256.
  • Hoeberichts F.A. & Woltering E.J. (2002) Multiple mediators of plant programmed cell death: interplay of conserved cell death mechanisms and plant-specific regulators. Bioessays 25, 4757.
  • Jabs T., Dietrich R.A. & Dangl J.L. (1996) Initiation of runaway cell death in an Arabidopsis mutant by extracellular superoxide. Science 273, 18531856.
  • Jakob B. & Heber U. (1998) Apoplastic ascorbate does not prevent the oxidation of fluorescent amphiphilic dyes by ambient and elevated concentrations of ozone in leaves. Plant Cell Physiology 39, 313322.
  • Jonak C., Okresz L., Bogre L. & Hirt H. (2002) Complexity, cross talk and integration of plant MAP kinase signalling. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 5, 415424.
  • De Jong A., Yakimova E.T., Kapchina V.M. & Woltering E.J. (2002) A critical role for ethylene in hydrogen peroxide release during programmed cell death in tomato suspension cells. Planta 214, 537545.
  • Joo J.H., Wang S., Chen J.G., Jones A.M. & Fedoroff N. (2005) Different signaling and cell death roles of heterotrimeric G protein α and β subunits in the Arabidopsis oxidative stress response to ozone. The Plant Cell, 17, in press. (10.1105/tpc.104.029603).
  • Kangasjärvi J., Talvinen J., Utriainen M. & Karjalainen R. (1994) Plant defence systems induced by ozone. Plant, Cell and Environment 17, 783794.
  • Kanna M., Tamaoki M., Kubo A., Nakajima N., Rakwal R., Agrawal G.K., Tamogami S., Ioki M., Ogawa D., Saji H. & Aono M. (2003) Isolation of an ozone-sensitive and jasmonate-semi-insensitive Arabidopsis mutant (oji1). Plant Cell Physiology 44, 13011310.
  • Karpinski S., Reynolds H., Karpinska B., Wingsle G., Creissen G. & Mullineaux P. (1999) Systemic signaling and acclimation in response to excess excitation energy in Arabidopsis. Science 284, 654657.
  • Kawasaki T., Henmi K., Ono E., Hatekeyama S., Iwano M., Satoh H. & Shimamoto K. (1999) The small GTP-binding protein Rac is a regulator of cell death in plants. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of the USA 96, 1092210926.
  • Kerstiens G. & Lendzian K.J. (1989) Interactions between ozone and plant cuticles. 1. Ozone deposition and permeability. New Phytologist 112, 1319.
  • Kim C.Y., Liu Y., Thorne E.T., Yang H., Fukushige H., Gassmann W., Hildebrand D., Sharp R.E. & Zhang S. (2003) Activation of a stress-responsive mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade induces the biosynthesis of ethylene in plants. Plant Cell 15, 27072718.
  • Kley D., Kleinman M., Sandermann H. Jr & Krupa S. (1999) Photochemical oxidants: state of the science. Environmental Pollution 100, 1924.
  • Koch J.R., Creelman R.A., Eshita S.M., Seskar M., Mullet J.E. & Davis K.R. (2000) Ozone sensitivity in hybrid poplar correlates with insensitivity to both salicylic acid and jasmonic acid. The role of programmed cell death in lesion formation. Plant Physiology 123, 487496.
  • Kollist H., Moldau H., Mortensen L., Rasmussen S.K. & Jorgensen L.B. (2000) Ozone flux to plasmalemma in barley and wheat is controlled rather by stomata than by direct reaction of ozone with apoplastic ascorbate. Journal of Plant Physiology 156, 645651.
  • Kovtun Y., Chiu W.-L., Tena G. & Sheen J. (2000) Functional analysis of oxidative stress activated mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades in plants. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of the USA 97, 29402945.
  • Laisk A., Kull O. & Moldau H. (1989) Ozone concentration in leaf intercellular air spaces is close to zero. Plant Physiology 90, 11631167.
  • Lamb C. & Dixon R.A. (1997) The oxidative burst in plant disease resistance. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 48, 251275.
  • Langebartels C., Ernst D., Heller W., Lütz C., Payer H.-D. & Sandermann H. Jr (1997) Ozone responses of trees: Results from controlled chamber exposures at the GSF phytotron. In Forest Decline and Ozone (ed. H.Sandermann), pp. 163200. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany.
  • Langebartels C. & Kangasjärvi J. (2004) Ethylene and jasmonate as regulators of cell death in disease resistance. In Molecular Ecotoxicology of Plants (ed. H.Sandermann), pp. 75109. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Langebartels C., Kerner K., Leonardi S., Schraudner M., Trost M., Heller W. & Sandermann H. Jr (1991) Biochemical plant responses to ozone I. Differential induction of polyamine and ethylene biosynthesis in tobacco. Plant Physiology 95, 882889.
  • Langebartels C., Schraudner M., Heller W., Ernst D. & Sandermann H. Jr (2002a) Oxidative stress and defense reactions in plants exposed to air pollutants and UV-B radiation. In Oxidative Stress in Plants (eds D.Inzé & M.Van Montagu), pp. 105135. Taylor & Francis, London, UK.
  • Langebartels C., Wohlgemuth H., Kschieschan S., Grün S. & Sandermann H. (2002b) Oxidative burst and cell death in ozone-exposed plants. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 40, 567575.
  • Laudert D., Schaller F. & Weiler E.W. (2000) Transgenic Nicotiana tabacum and Arabidopsis thaliana plants overexpressing allene oxide synthase. Planta 211, 163165.
  • Lin B. & Heaton L.A. (2001) An Arabidopsis thaliana protein interacts with a movement protein of Turnip crinkle virus in yeast cells and in vitro. Journal of General Virology 82, 12451251.
  • Liu Q., Kasuga M., Sakuma Y., Abe H., Miura S., Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K. & Shinozaki K. (1998) Two transcription factors, DREB1 and DREB2, with an EREB/AP2 DNA binding domain separate two cellular signal transduction pathways in drought- and low-temperature-responsive gene expression, respectively, in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 10, 13911406.
  • Liu Y. & Zhang S. (2004) Phosphorylation of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase by MPK6, a stress-responsive mitogen-activated protein kinase, induces ethylene biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 16, 33863399.
  • Lorenzo O., Chico J.M., Sánchez-Serrano J.J. & Solano R. (2004) JASMONATE-INSENSITIVE1 encodes a MYC transcription factor essential to discriminate between different jasmonate-regulated defense responses in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 16, 19381950.
  • Luwe M.W.F., Takahama U. & Heber U. (1993) Role of ascorbate in detoxifying ozone in the apoplast of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) leaves. Plant Physiology 101, 969976.
  • Mahalingam R. & Fedoroff N. (2003) Stress response, cell death and signalling: the many faces of reactive oxygen species. Physiologia Plantarum 119, 5668.
  • Mahalingam R., Gomez-Buitrago A.M., Eckardt N., Shah N., Guevara-Garcia A., Day P., Raina R. & Fedoroff N.V. (2003) Characterizing the stress/defense transcriptome of Arabidopsis. Genome Biology 4, R20.
  • Mahalingam R., Shah N., Scrymgeour A. & Fedorof N. (2005) Temporal evolution of the Arabidopsis oxidative stress response. Plant Molecular Biology in press.
  • MAPK Group (2002) Mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades in plants: a new nomenclature. Trends in Plant Science 7, 301308.
  • Martin M.J., Farage P.K., Humphries S.W. & Long S.P. (2000) Can the stomatal changes caused by acute ozone exposure be predicted by changes occurring in the mesophyll? A simplification for models of vegetation response to the global increase in tropospheric elevated ozone episodes. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 27, 211219.
  • Mazel A. & Levine A. (2001) Induction of cell death in Arabidopsis by superoxide in combination with salicylic acid or with protein synthesis inhibitors. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 30, 98106.
  • McAinsh M.R., Clayton H., Mansfield T.A. & Hetherington A.M. (1996) Changes in stomatal behaviour and guard cell cytosolic free calcium in response to oxidative stress. Plant Physiology 111, 10311042.
  • Mehlhorn H. & Wellburn A.R. (1987) Stress ethylene formation determines plant sensitivity to ozone. Nature 327, 417418.
  • Meinhard M. & Grill E. (2001) Hydrogen peroxide is a regulator of ABI1, a protein phosphatase 2C from Arabidopsis. Federation of European Biochemical Societies Letters 508, 443446.
  • Meinhard M., Rodriguez P.L. & Grill E. (2002) The sensitivity of ABI2 to hydrogen peroxide links the abscisic acid-response regulator to redox signalling. Planta 214, 775782.
  • Miles G.P., Samuel M.A. & Ellis B.E. (2002) Suramin inhibits oxidant signalling in tobacco suspension-cultured cells. Plant, Cell and Environment 25, 521527.
  • Miles G.P., Samuel M.A., Jones A.M. & Ellis B.E. (2004) Mastoparan rapidly activates plant MAP kinase signaling independent of heterotrimeric G proteins. Plant Physiology 134, 13321336.
  • Moeder W., Barry C.S., Tauriainen A.A., Betz C., Tuomainen J., Utriainen M., Grierson D., Sandermann H., Langebartles C. & Kangasjärvi J. (2002) Ethylene synthesis regulated by bi-phasic induction of ACC synthase and ACC oxidase genes is required for H2O2 accumulation and cell death in ozone-exposed tomato. Plant Physiology 130, 19181926.
  • Moldau H., Sober J. & Sober A. (1990) Differential sensitivity of stomata and mesophyll to sudden exposure of bean shoots to ozone. Photosynthetica 24, 446458.
  • Moon H., Lee B., Choi G., et al. (2003) NDP kinase 2 interacts with two oxidative stress-activated MAPKs to regulate cellular redox state and enhances multiple stress tolerance in transgenic plants. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of the USA 100, 358363.
  • Mullineaux P. & Karpinski S. (2002) Signal transduction in response to excess light: getting out of the chloroplast. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 5, 4348.
  • Murata Y., Pei Z.M., Mori I.C. & Schroeder J.I. (2001) Abscisic acid activation of plasma membrane Ca2+ channels in guard cells requires cytosolic NAD(P)H and is differentially disrupted upstream and downstream of reactive oxygen species production in abi1–1 and abi2–1 protein phosphatase 2C mutants. Plant Cell 13, 25132523.
  • Nakajima N., Itoh T., Takikawa S., Asai N., Tamaoki M., Aono M., Kubo A., Azumi Y., Kamada H. & Saji H. (2002) Improvement in ozone tolerance of tobacco plants with an antisense DNA for 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase. Plant, Cell and Environment 25, 727736.
  • Nakajima N., Matsuyama T., Tamaoki M., Saji H., Aono M., Kubo A. & Kondo N. (2001) Effects of ozone exposure on the gene expression of ethylene biosynthetic enzymes in tomato leaves. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 39, 993998.
  • Nickstadt A., Thomma B.P.H.J., Feussner I., Kangasjärvi J., Zeier J., Loeffler C., Scheel D. & Berger S. (2004) The jasmonate-insensitive mutant jin1 shows increased resistance to biotrophic as well as necrotrophic pathogens. Molecular Plant Pathology 5, 425434.
  • Oeller P.W., Min-Wong L., Taylor L.P., Pike D.A. & Theologis A. (1991) Reversible inhibition of tomato fruit senescence by antisense RNA. Science 254, 437439.
  • Oksanen E., Häikiö E., Sober J. & Karnosky D.F. (2003) Ozone-induced H2O2 accumulation in field-grown aspen and birch is linked to foliar ultrastructure and peroxisomal activity. New Phytologist 161, 791799.
  • Örvar B.L. & Ellis B.E. (1997) Transgenic tobacco plants expressing antisense RNA for cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase show increased susceptibility to ozone injury. Plant Journal 11, 12971305.
  • Örvar B.L., McPherson J. & Ellis B.E. (1997) Pre-activating wounding response in tobacco prior to high-level ozone exposure prevents necrotic injury. Plant Journal 11, 203212.
  • Ouaked F., Rozhon W., Lecourieux D. & Hirt H. (2003) A MAPK pathway mediates ethylene signaling in plants. EMBO Journal 22, 12821288.
  • Overmyer K., Brosché M. & Kangasjärvi J. (2003) Reactive oxygen species and hormonal control of cell death. Trends in Plant Science 8, 335342.
  • Overmyer K., Brosché M., Pellinen R., Kuittinen T., Tuominen H., Ahlfors R., Keinänen M., Saarma M., Scheel D. & Kangasjärvi J. (2005) Ozone-induced programmed cell death in the Arabrdopsis radical-induced cell death 1 mutant. Plant Physiology in press.
  • Overmyer K., Tuominen H., Kettunen R., Betz C., Langebartels C., Sandermann H. Jr & Kangasjärvi J. (2000) The ozone-sensitive Arabidopsis rcd1 mutant reveals opposite roles for ethylene and jasmonate signaling pathways in regulating superoxide-dependent cell death. Plant Cell 12, 18491862.
  • Padu E., Kollist H., Tulva I., Oksanen E. & Moldau H. (2005) Components of apoplastic ascorbate use in Betula pendula leaves exposed to CO2 and O3 enrichment. New Phytologist 165, 131143.
  • Pandey S. & Assmann S.M. (2004) The Arabidopsis putative G protein-coupled receptor GCR1 interacts with the G protein α subunit GPA1 and regulates abscisic acid signaling. Plant Cell 16, 16161632.
  • Pasqualini S., Piccioni C., Reale L., Ederli L., Della Torre G. & Ferranti F. (2003) Ozone-induced cell death in tobacco cultivar Bel W3 plants. The role of programmed cell death in lesion formation. Plant Physiology 133, 11221134.
  • Pei Z.-M., Murata Y., Benning G., Thomine S., Klüsener B., Allen G.J., Grill E. & Schroeder J.I. (2000) Calcium channels activated by hydrogen peroxide mediate abscisic acid signalling in guard cells. Nature 406, 731734.
  • Pell E.J., Schlagnhaufer C.D. & Arteca R.N. (1997) Ozone-induced oxidative stress: mechanisms of action and reaction. Physiologia Plantarum 100, 264273.
  • Pellinen R., Korhonen M., Palva T. & Kangasjärvi J. (2002) H2O2 activates cell death and defense gene expression in birch (Betula pendula). Plant Physiology 130, 549560.
  • Pellinen R., Palva T. & Kangasjärvi J. (1999) Subcellular localization of ozone-induced hydrogen peroxide production in birch (Betula pendula) leaf cells. Plant Journal 20, 349356.
  • Rao M.V. & Davis K.R. (1999) Ozone-induced cell death occurs via two distinct mechanisms in Arabidopsis: the role of salicylic acid. Plant Journal 17, 603614.
  • Rao M.V. & Davis K.R. (2001) The physiology of ozone-induced cell death. Planta 213, 682690.
  • Rao M.V., Koch J.R. & Davis K.R. (2000a) Ozone: a tool for probing programmed cell death in plants. Plant Molecular Biology 44, 345358.
  • Rao M.V., Lee H.I., Creelman R.A., Mullet J.A. & Davis K.R. (2000b) Jasmonic acid signaling modulates ozone-induced hypersensitive cell death. Plant Cell 12, 16331646.
  • Rao M.V., Lee H.-I. & Davis K.R. (2002) Ozone-induced ethylene production is dependent on salicylic acid, and both salicylic acid and ethylene act in concert to regulate ozone-induced cell death. Plant Journal 32, 447456.
  • Raskin I. (1995) Salicylic acid. In Plant Hormones Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2nd edn. (ed. P.J.Davies). pp. 188205. Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
  • Ren D., Yang H. & Zhang S. (2002) Cell death mediated by MAPK is associated with hydrogen peroxide production in Arabidopsis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277, 559565.
  • Samuel M.A. & Ellis B.E. (2002) Double jeopardy: both overexpression and suppression of a redox-activated plant mitogen-activated protein kinase render tobacco plants ozone sensitive. Plant Cell 14, 20592069.
  • Samuel M.A., Miles G.P. & Ellis B.E. (2000) Ozone treatment rapidly activates MAP kinase signalling in plants. Plant Journal 22, 367376.
  • Sandermann H. Jr, Ernst D., Heller W. & Langebartels C. (1998) Ozone: an abiotic elicitor of plant defence reactions. Trends in Plant Science 3, 4750.
  • Sandermann H. & Matyssek R. (2004) Scaling up from molecular to ecological processes. In Molecular Ecotoxicology of Plants (ed. H.Sandermann), pp. 207226. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Sanmartin M., Drogoudi P.D., Lyons T., Pateraki I., Barnes J. & Kanellis A.K. (2003) Over-expression of ascorbate oxidase in the apoplast of transgenic tobacco results in altered ascorbate and glutathione redox states and increased sensitivity to ozone. Planta 216, 918928.
  • Schenk P.M., Kazan K., Wilson I., Anderson J.P., Richmond T., Somerville S.C. & Manners J.M. (2000) Coordinated plant defense responses in Arabidopsis revealed by microarray analysis. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of the USA 97, 1165511660.
  • Schraudner M., Langebartels C. & Sandermann H. Jr (1997) Changes in the biochemical status of plants cells induced by the environmental pollutant ozone. Physiologia Plantarum 100, 274280.
  • Schraudner M., Moeder W., Wiese C., Van Camp W., Inzé D., Langebartels C. & Sandermann H. Jr (1998) Ozone-induced oxidative burst in the ozone biomonitor plant, tobacco Bel W3. Plant Journal 16, 235245.
  • Sharma Y.K., León J., Raskin I. & Davis K.R. (1996) Ozone-induced responses in Arabidopsis thaliana: the role of salicylic acid in the accumulation of defense-related transcripts and induced resistance. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of the USA 93, 50995104.
  • Spanu P., Grosskopf D.G., Felix G. & Boller T. (1994) The apparent turnover of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase in tomato cells is regulated by protein phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. Plant Physiology 106, 529535.
  • Suharsono U., Fujisawa Y., Kawasaki T., Iwasaki Y., Satoh H. & Shimamoto K. (2002) The heterotrimeric G protein α subunit acts upstream of the small GTPase Rac in disease resistance of rice. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of the USA 99, 1330713312.
  • Tamaoki M., Matsuyama T., Kanna M., Nakajima N., Kubo A., Aono M. & Saji H. (2003a) Differential ozone sensitivity among Arabidopsis accessions and its relevance to ethylene synthesis. Planta 216, 552560.
  • Tamaoki M., Matsuyama T., Nakajima N., Aono M., Kubo A. & Saji H. (2004) A method for diagnosis of plant environmental stresses by gene expression profiling using a cDNA macroarray. Environmental Pollution 131, 13145.
  • Tamaoki M., Nakajima N., Kubo A., Aono M., Matsuyama T. & Saji H. (2003b) Transcriptome analysis of O3-exposed Arabidopsis reveals that multiple signal pathways act mutually antagonistically to induce gene expression. Plant Molecular Biology 53, 443456.
  • Tatsuki M. & Mori H. (2001) Phosphorylation of tomato 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase, LE-ACS2, at the C-terminal region. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276, 2805128057.
  • Timonen U., Huttunen S. & Manninen S. (2004) Ozone sensitivity of wild field layer plant species of northern Europe. A review. Plant Ecology 172, 2739.
  • Tingey D.T., Standley C. & Field R.W. (1976) Stress ethylene evolution: a measure of ozone effects on plants. Atmospheric Environment 10, 969974.
  • Torsethaugen G., Pell E.J. & Assmann S.M. (1999) Ozone inhibits guard cell K+ channels implicated in stomatal opening. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of the USA 96, 1357713582.
  • Tuomainen J., Betz C., Kangasjärvi J., Ernst D., Yin Z.H., Langebartels C. & Sandermann H. Jr (1997) Ozone induction of ethylene emission in tomato plants: regulation by differential transcript accumulation for the biosynthetic enzymes. Plant Journal 12, 11511162.
  • Tuominen H., Overmyer K., Keinänen M., Kollist H. & Kangasjärvi J. (2004) Mutual antagonism of ethylene and jasmonic acid regulates ozone-induced spreading cell death in Arabidopsis. Plant Journal 39, 5969.
  • Vahala J., Ruonala R., Keinänen M., Tuominen H. & Kangasjärvi J. (2003) Ethylene insensitivity modulates ozone-induced cell death in birch (Betula pendula). Plant Physiology 132, 185195.
  • Vahala J., Schlagnhaufer C.D. & Pell E.J. (1998) Induction of an ACC synthase cDNA by ozone in light-grown Arabidopsis thaliana leaves. Physiologia Plantarum 103, 4550.
  • Van Camp W., Van Montagu M. & Inzé D. (1998) H2O2 and NO: redox signals in disease resistance. Trends in Plant Science 3, 330334.
  • Vranová E., Van Breusegem F., Dat J., Belles-Boix E. & Inzé D. (2002) The role of active oxygen species in plant signal transduction. In Plant Signal Transduction (eds D.Scheel & C.Wasternack), pp. 4573. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
  • Wang K.L.-C., Li H. & Ecker J.R. (2002) Ethylene biosynthesis and signaling networks mediating responses to stress. Plant Cell 14, S131S151.
  • Wang K.L.-C., Yoshida H., Lurin C. & Ecker J.R. (2004) Regulation of ethylene gas biosynthesis by the Arabidopsis ETO1 protein. Nature 428, 945950.
  • Wang X.Q., Ullah H., Jones A.M. & Assmann S.M. (2001) G protein regulation of ion channels and abscisic acid signaling in Arabidopsis guard cells. Science 292, 20702072.
  • Wohlgemuth H., Mittelstrass K., Kschieschan S., Bender J., Weigel H.J., Overmyer K., Kangasjärvi J., Langebartels C. & Sandermann H. (2002) Activation of an oxidative burst is a general feature of sensitive plants exposed to the air pollutant ozone. Plant, Cell and Environment 25, 717726.
  • Xiong L. & Yang Y. (2003) Disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance in rice are inversely modulated by an abscisic acid-inducible mitogen-activated protein kinase. Plant Cell 15, 745759.
  • Zhang S. & Klessig D.F. (1997) Salicylic acid activates a 48-kD MAP kinase in tobacco. Plant Cell 9, 809824.
  • Zhang X., Zhang L., Dong F., Gao J., Galbraith D.W. & Song C.-P. (2001) Hydrogen peroxide is involved in abscisic acid-induced stomatal closure in Vicia faba. Plant Physiology 126, 14381448.
  • Ziegler J., Keinänen M. & Baldwin I.T. (2001) Herbivore-induced allene oxide synthase transcripts and jasmonic acid in Nicotiana attenuata. Phytochemistry 58, 729738.