SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Ainsworth E.A., Davey P.A., Hymus G.J., Osborne C.P., Rogers A., Blum H., Nösberger J. & Long S.P. (2003) Is stimulation of leaf photosynthesis by elevated carbon dioxide concentration maintained in the long term? A test with Lolium perenne grown for 10 years at two nitrogen fertilization levels under Free Air CO2Enrichment (FACE). Plant, Cell and Environment 26, 705714.
  • Amalric C., Sallanon H., Monnet F., Hitmi A. & Coudret A. (1999) Gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence in symbiotic and non-symbiotic ryegrass under water stress. Photosynthetica 37, 107112.
  • Arachevaleta M., Bacon C.W., Hoveland C.S. & Radcliffe D.E. (1989) Effect of tall fescue endophyte on plant responses to environmental stress. Agronomy Journal 81, 8390.
  • Arp W.J. (1991) Effects of source-sink relations on photosynthetic acclimation to elevated CO2. Plant, Cell and Environment 14, 869875.
  • Barker Bausell R. & Yu-Fang L. (2002) Power Analysis for Experimental Research: A Practical Guide for the Biological, Medical and Social Sciences. University of Cambridge Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Belesky D.P. & Hill N.S. (1997) Defoliation and leaf age influence on ergot alkaloids in tall fescue. Annals of Botany 79, 259265.
  • Belesky D.P., Stuedemann J.A., Plattner R.D. & Wilkinson S.R. (1988) Ergopeptine alkaloids in grazed tall fescue. Agronomy Journal 79, 217220.
  • Bradford M.M. (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Analytical Biochemistry 72, 248254.
  • Von Caemmerer S., Ghannoum O., Conroy J.P., Clark H. & Newton P.C.D. (2001) Photosynthetic responses of temperate species to free air CO2 enrichment (FACE) in a grazed New Zealand pasture. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 28, 439450.
  • Cairns A.J., Begley P. & Sims I.M. (2002a) The structure of starch from seeds and leaves of the fructan-accumulating ryegrass, Lolium temulentum L. Journal of Plant Physiology 159, 221230.
  • Cairns A.J., Cookson A., Thomas B.J. & Turner L.B. (2002b) Starch metabolism in the fructan-grasses: patterns of starch accumulation in excised leaves of Lolium temulentum L. Journal of Plant Physiology 159, 293305.
  • Casella E., Soussana J.F. & Loiseau P. (1996) Long-term effects of CO2 enrichment and temperature increase on a temperature grass sward. I. Productivity and water use. Plant and Soil 182, 8399.
  • Cheplick G.P. (1998) Genotypic variation in the regrowth of Lolium perenne following clipping: effects of nutrients and endophytic fungi. Functional Ecology 12, 176184.
  • Cheplick G.P. & Cho R. (2003) Interactive effects of fungal endophyte infection and host genotype on growth and storage in Lolium perenne. New Phytologist 158, 183191.
  • Cheplick G.P., Perera A. & Koulouris K. (2000) Effect of drought on the growth of Lolium perenne genotypes with and without fungal endophytes. Functional Ecology 14, 657667.
  • Clay K., Marks S. & Cheplick G.P. (1993) Effects of insect herbivory and fungal endophyte infection on competitive interactions among grasses. Ecology 74, 17671777.
  • Cook A.C., Tissue D.T., Roberts S.W. & Oechel W.C. (1998) Effects of long-term elevated (CO2) from natural CO2 springs on Nardus stricta: photosynthesis, biochemistry, growth and phenology. Plant, Cell and Environment 21, 417425.
  • Cotrufo M.F., Ineson P. & Scott A. (1998) Elevated CO2 reduces the nitrogen concentration of plant tissue. Global Change Biology 4, 4354.
  • Curtis P.S., Drake B.G. & Whigham D.F. (1989) Nitrogen and carbon dynamics in C3 and C4 estuarine marsh plant growth under elevated carbon dioxide in situ. Oecologia Berlin 78, 297301.
  • Davey P.A., Parsons A.J., Atkinson L., Wadge K. & Long S.P. (1999) Does photosynthetic acclimation to elevated CO2 increase photosynthetic nitrogen-use efficiency? A study of three native UK grassland species in open-top chambers. Functional Ecology 13, 2128.
  • Edwards G.R., Clark H. & Newton P.C.D. (2001) Carbon dioxide enrichment affects seedling recruitment in an infertile permanent grassland grazed by sheep. Oecologia 127, 383394.
  • Elizalde J.C., Merchen N.R. & Faulkner D.B. (1999) Fractionation of fiber and crude protein in fresh forages during the spring growth. Journal of Animal Science 77, 476484.
  • Evans J.R. (1989) Photosynthesis and nitrogen relationships in leaves of C3 plants. Oecologia 78, 919.
  • Faeth S.H. (2002) Are endophytic fungi defensive plant mutualists? Oikos 98, 2536.
  • Fajer E.D., Bowers M.D. & Bazzaz F.A. (1989) The effects of enriched carbon dioxide atmospheres on plant–insect herbivore interactions. Science 243, 11981200.
  • Farrar J.F. (1999) Carbohydrate: where does it comes from, where does it go?. In Plant Carbohydrate Biochemistry (eds J.Bryant, M.M.Burrell & N.J.Kruger), pp. 2947. Bios Scientific Publishers, Oxford, UK.
  • Filion M., Dutilleul P. & Potvin C. (2000) Optimum experimental design for free-air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE) studies. Global Change Biology 6, 843854.
  • Fischer B.U., Frehner M., Hebeisen T., Zanetti S., Stadelmann F., Luescher A., Hartwig U.A., Hendrey G.R., Blum H. & Nosberger J. (1997) Source-sink relations in Lolium perenne L. as reflected by carbohydrate concentrations in leaves and pseudo-stems during regrowth in a free air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE) experiment. Plant, Cell and Environment 20, 945952.
  • Francis S.M. & Baird D.B. (1989) Increase in the proportion of endophyte-infected perennial ryegrass plants in overdrilled pastures. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 32, 437440.
  • Gallagher RT, Hawkes AD, Stewart JM. (1985) Rapid-determination of the neurotoxin lolitrem-B in perennial Ryegrass by high-performance liquid-chromatography with fluorescence detection. Journal of Chromatography 321, 217226.
  • Gibson D.J. & Newman J.A. (2001) Festuca arundinacea Schreber (F. elatior L. ssp. arundinacea (Schreber) Hackel). Journal of Ecology 89, 304324.
  • Goverde M. & Erhardt A. (2003) Effects of elevated CO2 on development and larval food-plant preference in the butterfly Coenonympha pamphilus (Lepidoptera, Satyridae). Global Change Biology 9, 7483.
  • Höft M., Verpoorte R. & Beck E. (1996) Growth and alkaloid contents in leaves of Tabernaemontana pachysiphon Stapf (Apocynaceae) as influenced by light intensity, water and nutrient supply. Oecologia Berlin 107, 160169.
  • Hurlbert S.H. (1984) Pseudoreplication and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecological Monographs 54, 187211.
  • Isopp H., Frehner M., Almeida J.P.F., Blum H., Daepp M., Hartwig U.A., Luscher A., Suter D. & Nosberger J. (2000) Nitrogen plays a major role in leaves when source-sink relations change: C and N metabolism in Lolium perenne growing under free air CO2 enrichment. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 27, 851858.
  • Jermyn M.A. (1956) A new method for determining ketohexoses in the presence of aldohexoses. Nature 177, 3839.
  • Jones M.B., Jongen M. & Doyle T. (1996) Effects of elevated carbon dioxide concentrations on agricultural grassland production. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 79, 243252.
  • Keeling C.D. & Whorf T.P. (2004) Atmospheric CO2 records from sites in the SIO air sampling network, in Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change, Carbon Dioxide Inf. Anal., Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., U.S. Dep. of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn. Available at http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/co2/sio-mlo.htm
  • Kobayashi S., Hirata T., Yoshida K. & Nakashima H. (2001) Does CO2 enrichment directly affect the percentage of dry matter and concentrations of minerals (N, P, K) and ADF in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and red clover (Trifolium pratense L.)? Grassland Science 47, 370377.
  • Latch G.C.M., Hunt W.F. & Musgrave D.R. (1985) Endophytic fungi affect growth of perennial ryegrass. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 28, 165168.
  • Lewin K.F., Hendrey G.R., Nagy J. & LaMorte R.L. (1994) Design and application of a free-air carbon dioxide enrichment facility. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 70, 1529.
  • Lewis G.C. & Clements R.O. (1986) A survey of ryegrass endophyte (Acremonium loliae) in the U.K. and its apparent ineffectuality on a seedling pest. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 107, 633638.
  • Lewis G.C., Ravel C., Naffaa W., Astier C. & Charmet G. (1997) Occurence of Acremonium endophytes in wild populations of Lolium spp. European countries and a relationship between level of infection and climate in France. Annals of Applied Biology 130, 227238.
  • Loiseau P. & Soussana J.F. (2000) Effects of elevated CO2, temperature and N fertilization on nitrogen fluxes in a temperate grassland ecosystem. Global Change Biology 6, 953965.
  • Lyons P.C., Evans J.J. & Bacon C.W. (1990) Effects of the fungal endophyte Acremonium coenophialum on nitrogen accumulation and metabolism in tall fescue. Plant Physiology 92, 726732.
  • Marks S. & Clay K. (1990) Effects of CO2 enrichment, nutrient addition, and fungal endophyte-infection on the growth of two grasses. Oecologia 84, 207214.
  • Marks S. & Clay K. (1996) Physiological responses of Festuca arundinacea to fungal endophyte infection. New Phytologist 133, 727733.
  • McCleary B.V., Gibson T.S. & Mugford D.C. (1997) Measurement of total starch in cereal products by amyloglucosidase –α-amylase method: collaborative study. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 80, 571579.
  • Mette Dahl Jensen A. & Roulund N. (2004) Occurrence of Neotyphodium endophytes in permanent grassland with perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) in Denmark. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 104, 419427.
  • Nelson D.J. (1960) Improved chlorophyll extraction. Science 132, 351.
  • Newman J.A., Abner M.L., Dado R.G., Gibson D.J., Brookings A. & Parsons A.J. (2003) Effects of elevated CO2, nitrogen and fungal endophyte-infection on tall fescue: growth, photosynthesis, chemical composition and digestibility. Global Change Biology 9, 425437.
  • Newton P.C.D., Clark H. & Edwards G.R. (2001) CO2 Enrichment of a Permanent Grassland Grazed by Sheep Using FACE Technology. Paper presented at the Carbon Dioxide and Vegetation: Advanced International Approaches for Absorption of CO2 and Responses to CO2, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
  • Parry M.A.J., Loveland J.E. & Andralojc P.J. (1999) Regulation of Rubisco. In Plant Carbohydrate Biochemistry (eds J.Bryant, M.M.Burrell & N.J.Kruger), pp. 127145. Bios Scientific Publishers, Oxford, UK.
  • Pollock C., Cairns A.J., Gallagher J., Machado de Carvalho M.A. & Kochhar A. (1999) The metabolism of sugars base upon sucrose. In Plant Carbohydrate Biochemistry (eds J.Bryant, M.M.Burrell & N.J.Kruger), pp. 4760. Bios Scientific Publishers, Oxford, UK.
  • Ponder K.L., Pritchard J., Harrington R. & Bale J.S. (2000) Difficulties in location and acceptance of phloem sap combined with reduced concentration of phloem amino acids explain lowered performance of the aphid Rhopalosiphum padi on nitrogen deficient barley (Hordeum vulgare) seedlings. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 97, 203210.
  • Ponder K.L., Pritchard J., Harrington R. & Bale J.S. (2001) Feeding behaviour of the aphid Rhopalosiphum padi (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on nitrogen and water-stressed barley (Hordeum vulgare) seedlings. Bulletin of Entomological Research 91, 125130.
  • Prud’homme M.P., Gonzalez B., Billard J.P. & Boucaud J. (1992) Carbohydrate content, function and sucrose enzyme-activities in roots, stubble and leaves of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) as aftected by source sink modification after cutting. Journal of Plant Physiology 140, 282291.
  • Ravel C., Courty C., Coudret A. & Charmet G. (1997) Beneficial effects of Neotyphodium lolii on the growth and the water status in perennial ryegrass cultivated under nitrogen deficiency or drought stress. Agronomie Paris 17, 173181.
  • Ryle G.J.A., Powell C.E. & Tewson V. (1992) Effect of elevated carbon dioxide on the photosynthesis respiration and growth of perennial ryegrass. Journal of Experimental Botany 43, 811818.
  • Schenk U., Jaeger H.J. & Weigel H.J. (1996) Nitrogen supply determines responses of yield and biomass partitioning of perennial ryegrass to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. Journal of Plant Nutrition 19, 14231440.
  • Smith A.G. (1999) Compartmentation of tetrapyrrole synthesis in plant cells. In Plant Carbohydrate Biochemistry (eds G.R.Bryant, M.M.Burrell & N.J.Kruger), pp. 281294. Bios Scientific Publishers, Oxford, UK.
  • Sonnewald U. & Herbers K. (1999) Sugars, far more than just fuel for growth. In Plant Carbohydrate Biochemistry (eds J.Bryant, M.M.Burrell & N.J.Kruger), pp. 6978. Bios Scientific Publishers, Oxford, UK.
  • Soussana J.F., Casella E. & Loiseau P. (1996) Long-term effects of CO2 enrichment and temperature increase on a temperate grass sward. II. Plant nitrogen budgets and root fraction. Plant and Soil 182, 101114.
  • Spiering M.J., Davies E., Tapper B.A., Schmid J., Lane G. & a. (2002) Simplified extraction of ergovaline and peramine for analysis of tissue distribution in endophyte-infected grass tillers. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 50, 58565862.
  • Stitt M. (1999) The first will be the last and the last will be the first: non-regulated enzymes call the tune?. In Plant Carbohydrate Biochemistry (eds J.Bryant, M.M.Burrell & N.J.Kruger), pp. 116. Bios Scientific Publishers, Oxford, UK.
  • Stitt M. & Krapp A. (1999) The interaction between elevated carbon dioxide and nitrogen nutrition: the physiological and molecular background. Plant, Cell and Environment 22, 583621.