SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Anthoni P.M., Law B.E. & Unsworth M.H. (1999) Carbon and water vapor exchange of an open-canopied ponderosa pine ecosystem. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 95, 151168.
  • Barbour M.M., Schurr U., Henry B.K., Wong S.C. & Farquhar G.D. (2000) Variation in the oxygen isotope ratio of phloem sap sucrose from castor bean: evidence in support of the Péclet effect. Plant Physiology 123, 671679.
  • Barbour M.M., Roden J.S., Farquhar G.D. & Ehleringer J.R. (2004) Expressing leaf water and cellulose oxygen isotope ratios as enrichment above source water reveals evidence of a Péclet effect. Oecologia 138, 426435.
  • Bariac T., Rambal S., Jusserand C. & Berger A. (1989) Evaluating water fluxes of field-grown alfalfa from diurnal observations of natural isotope concentrations, energy budget and ecophysiological parameters. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 48, 263283.
  • Bariac T., Gonzalezdunia J., Katerji N., Bethenod O., Bertolini J.M. & Mariotti A. (1994) Spatial variation of the isotopic composition of water (18O, 2H) in the soil-plant-atmosphere system: 2. assessment under field conditions. Chemical Geology 115, 317333.
  • Bauerle W.L., Hinckley T.M., Cermak J., Kucera J. & Bible K. (1999) The canopy water relations of old-growth Douglas-fir trees. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13, 211217.
  • Blanken P.D., Black T.A., Yang P.C., Neumann H.H., Nesic Z., Staebler R., Den Hartog G., Novak M.D. & Lee X. (1997) Energy balance and canopy conductance of a boreal aspen forest: partitioning overstory and understory components. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres 102, 2891528927.
  • Bowling D.R., McDowell N.G., Welker J.M., Bond B.J., Law B.E. & Ehleringer J.R. (2003) Oxygen isotope content of CO2 in nocturnal ecosystem respiration: 2. short-term dynamics of foliar and soil component fluxes in an old-growth ponderosa pine forest. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17, 1124. 10.1029/2003GB002082.
  • Brooks J.R., Meinzer F.C., Coulombe R. & Gregg J. (2002) Hydraulic redistribution of soil water during summer drought in two contrasting Pacific Northwest coniferous forests. Tree Physiology 22, 11071117.
  • Brunel J.P., Simpson H.J., Herczeg A.L., Whitehead R. & Walker G.R. (1992) Stable isotope composition of water vapor as an indicator of transpiration fluxes from rice crops. Water Resources Research 28, 14071416.
  • Cappa C.D., Hendricks M.B., DePaolo D.J. & Cohen R.C. (2003) Isotopic fractionation of water during evaporation. Journal of Geophysical Research 108, 4525. doi: 10.1029/2003JD003597.
  • Cernusak L.A., Pate J.S. & Farquhar G.D. (2002) Diurnal variation in the stable isotope composition of water and dry matter in fruiting Lupinus angustifolius under field conditions. Plant, Cell and Environment 25, 893907.
  • Chen J., Falk M., Euskirchen E., Paw U K.T., Suchanek T.H., Ustin S.L., Bond B.J., Brosofske K.D., Phillips N. & Bi R. (2002) Biophysical controls of carbon flows in three successional Douglas-fir stands based on eddy-covariance measurements. Tree Physiology 22, 309320.
  • Compston W. & Epstein S. (1958) A method for the preparation of carbon dioxide from water vapor for oxygen isotope analysis. Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 39, 511512.
  • Coplen T.B. (1996) New guidelines for reporting stable hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen isotope-ratio data. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60, 33593360.
  • Craig H. & Gordon L.I. (1965) Deuterium and oxygen-18 variations in the ocean and marine atmosphere. In Stable Isotopes in Oceanographic Studies and Paleotemperatures (ed. E.Tongiorigi), pp. 9130. Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche Laboratorio di Geologia Nucleare, Pisa, Italy.
  • Cuntz M., Ciais P., Hoffmann G. & Knorr W. (2003) A comprehensive global three-dimensional model of δ18O in atmospheric CO2: 1. validation of surface processes. Journal of Geophysical Research 108, 4527. doi: 10.1029/2002JD003153.
  • Dawson T.E. (1993) Water sources of plants as determined from xylem-water isotopic composition: perspectives on plant competition, distribution, and water relations. In Stable Isotopes and Plant Carbon–Water Relations (eds J.R.Ehleringer, A.E.Hall & G.D.Farquhar), pp. 465496. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA.
  • Denmead O.T. (1984) Plant physiological methods for studying evapotranspiration: problems of telling the forest from the trees. Agricultural Water Management 8, 167189.
  • Dongmann G., Nürnberg H.W., Förstel H. & Wagener K. (1974) On the enrichment of H218O in the leaves of transpiring plants. Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 11, 4152.
  • Ehleringer J.R., Phillips S.L., Schuster W.F.S. & Sandquist D.R. (1991) Differential utilization of summer rains by desert plants: implications for competition and climate change. Oecologia 88, 430434.
  • Ehleringer J.R. & Dawson T.E. (1992) Water-uptake by plants: perspectives from stable isotope composition. Plant, Cell and Environment 15, 10731082.
  • Ehleringer J.R., Schwinning S. & Gebauer R. (1999) Water use in arid land ecosystems. In Physiological Plant Ecology (eds M.C.Press, J.D.Scholes & M.G.Barker), pp. 347365. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK.
  • Ehleringer J.R., Roden J.R. & Dawson T.E. (2000) Assessing ecosystem-level water relations through stable isotope ratio analyses. In Methods in Ecosystem Science (eds O.E.Sala, R.Jackson, H.A.Mooney & R.Howarth), pp. 181198. Springer Verlag, New York, USA.
  • Farquhar G.D. & Cernusak L.A. (2005) On the isotopic composition of leaf water in the non-steady state. Functional Plant Biology 32, 293303.
  • Farquhar G.D. & Gan K.S. (2003) On the progressive enrichment of the oxygen isotopic composition of water along a leaf. Plant, Cell and Environment 26, 801819.
  • Farquhar G.D., Ehleringer J.R. & Hubick K.T. (1989) Carbon isotope discrimination and photosynthesis. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 40, 503537.
  • Farquhar G.D. & Lloyd J. (1993) Carbon and oxygen isotope effects in the exchange of carbon dioxide between plants and the atmosphere. In Stable Isotopes and Plant Carbon–Water Relations (eds J.R.Ehleringer, A.E.Hall & G.D.Farquhar), pp. 4770. Academic Press, New York, USA.
  • Farris F. & Strain B.R. (1978) The effects of water-stress on leaf H218O enrichment. Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 15, 167202.
  • Ferretti D.F., Pendall E., Morgan J.A., Nelson J.A., LeCain D. & Mosier A.R. (2003) Partitioning evapotranspiration fluxes from a Colorado grassland using stable isotopes: seasonal variations and ecosystem implications of elevated atmospheric CO2. Plant and Soil 254, 291303.
  • Fessenden J. & Ehleringer J.R. (2003) Temporal variation in δ13C of ecosystem respiration in the Pacific Northwest: links to moisture stress. Oecologia 136, 129136.
  • Fessenden J.E., Cook C.S., Lott M.J. & Ehleringer J.R. (2002) Rapid 18O analysis of small water and CO2 samples using a continuous-flow isotope ratio mass spectrometer. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 16, 12571260.
  • Flanagan L.B. & Ehleringer J.R. (1991) Effects of mild water stress and diurnal changes in temperature and humidity on the stable oxygen and hydrogen isotopic composition of leaf water in Cornus stolonifera L. Plant Physiology 97, 298305.
  • Flanagan L.B., Comstock J.P. & Ehleringer J.R. (1991) Comparison of modeled and observed environmental influences on the stable oxygen and hydrogen isotope composition of leaf water in Phaseolus vulgaris L. Plant Physiology 96, 588596.
  • Flanagan L.B., Marshall J.D. & Ehleringer J.R. (1993) Photosynthetic gas-exchange and the stable-isotope composition of leaf water: comparison of a xylem-tapping mistletoe and its host. Plant, Cell and Environment 16, 623631.
  • Förstel H., Putral A., Schleser G. & Leith H. (1975) The world pattern of oxygen-18 in rain water and its importance in understanding the biogeochemical oxygen cycle. In Isotope Ratios as Pollutant Source and Behavior Indicators (ed. International Atomic Energy Agency), pp. 323344. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria.
  • Gan K.S., Wong S.C., Yong J.W.H. & Farquhar G.D. (2002) 18O spatial patterns of vein xylem water, leaf water, and dry matter in cotton leaves. Plant Physiology 130, 10081021.
  • Gat J.R. & Matsui E. (1991) Atmospheric water balance in the Amazon Basin: an isotopic evapotranspiration model. Journal of Geophysical Research 96, 1317913188.
  • Granier A. (1987) Evaluation of transpiration in a Douglas-fir stand by means of sap flow measurements. Tree Physiology 3, 309320.
  • Harwood K.G., Gillon J.S., Roberts A. & Griffiths H. (1999) Determinants of isotopic coupling of CO2 and water vapour within a Quercus petraea forest canopy. Oecologia 119, 109119.
  • Helliker B.R. & Ehleringer J.R. (2000) Establishing a grassland signature in veins: 18O in the leaf water of C3 and C4 grasses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the USA 97, 78947898.
  • Helliker B.R., Roden J.R., Cook C. & Ehleringer J.R. (2002) A rapid and precise method for sampling and determining the oxygen isotope ratio of atmospheric water vapor. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 16, 929932.
  • Hsieh J.C.C., Chadwick O.A., Kelly E.F. & Savin S.M. (1998) Oxygen isotopic composition of soil water: quantifying evaporation and transpiration. Geoderma 82, 269293.
  • Irvine J., Law B.E., Anthoni P.M. & Meinzer F.C. (2002) Water limitations to carbon exchange in old-growth and young ponderosa pine stands. Tree Physiology 22, 189196.
  • Langendörfer U., Cuntz M., Ciais P., Peylin P., Bariac T., Milyukova I., Kolle O., Naegler T. & Levin I. (2002) Modelling of biospheric CO2 gross fluxes via oxygen isotopes in a spruce forest canopy: a 222Rn calibrated box model approach. Tellus 54B, 476496.
  • Law B.E., Baldocchi D.D. & Anthoni P.M. (1999) Below-canopy and soil CO2 fluxes in a ponderosa pine forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 94, 171188.
  • Law B.E., Ryan M.G. & Anthoni P.M. (1999) Seasonal and annual respiration of a ponderosa pine ecosystem. Global Change Biology 5, 169182.
  • Lawrence J.R., Gedzelman S.D., Dexheimer D., Cho H.-K., Carrie G.D., Gasparini R., Anderson C.R., Bowman K.P. & Biggerstaff M.I. (2004) The stable isotopic composition of water vapor in the tropics. Journal of Geophysical Research 109, D06115. doi: 10.1029/2003JD004046.
  • Leaney F.W., Osmond C.B., Allison G.B. & Ziegler H. (1985) Hydrogen-isotope composition of leaf water in C3 and C4 plants: its relationship to the hydrogen-isotope composition. Planta 164, 215220.
  • Lloyd J., Kruijt B., Hollinger D.Y., et al. (1996) Vegetation effects on the isotopic composition of atmospheric CO2 at local and regional scales: theoretical aspects and a comparison between rain forest in Amazonia and a Brazil forest in Siberia. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 23, 371399.
  • Majoube M. (1971) Fractionnement en oxygene 18 et en deuterium entre l’eau et savapeur. Journal of Chemical Physics 58, 14231436.
  • McDowell N.G., Phillips N., Lunch C., Bond B.J. & Ryan M.G. (2002) An investigation of hydraulic limitation and compensation in large, old Douglas-fir trees. Tree Physiology 22, 763774.
  • Merlivat L. (1978) Molecular diffusivities of H216O, HD16O and H218O in gases. Journal of Chemical Physics 69, 28642871.
  • Monin A.S. & Obukhov A.M. (1954) Basic laws of turbulent mixing in the ground layer of the atmosphere. Trudy Geofizicheskogo Instituta, Akademiya Nauk SSSR 24, 163187.
  • Moore G.W., Bond B.J., Jones J.A., Phillips N. & Meinzer F.C. (2004) Structural and compositional controls on transpiration between 40- and 450-year-old riparian forests in Western Oregon, USA. Tree Physiology 24, 481491.
  • Moreira M.Z., Sternberg L.D.S.L., Martinelli L.A., Victoria R.L., Barbosa E.M., Bonates L.C.M. & Nepstad D.C. (1997) Contribution of transpiration to forest ambient vapour based on isotopic measurements. Global Change Biology 3, 439450.
  • Mortazavi B. & Chanton J.P. (2002) Carbon isotopic discrimination and control of nighttime canopy δ18O-CO2 in a pine forest in the southeastern United States. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 16, 1008. doi: 10.1029/2000GB001390.
  • Oncley S.P., Delany A.C., Horst T.W. & Tans P.P. (1993) Verification of flux measurement using relaxed eddy accumulation. Atmospheric Environment 27A, 24172426.
  • Paw U K.T., Falk M., Suchanek T.H., et al. (2004) Carbon dioxide exchange between an old growth forest and the atmosphere. Ecosystems 7, 513524.
  • Phillips N., Bond B.J., McDowell N.G. & Ryan M.G. (2002) Canopy and hydraulic conductance in young, mature, and old Douglas-fir trees. Tree Physiology 22, 205212.
  • Raupach M.R. (1988) Canopy transport processes. In Flow and Transport in the Natural Environment (eds W.L.Steffen & O.T.Denmead), pp. 95127. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
  • Roden J. & Ehleringer J.R. (1999) Observation of hydrogen and oxygen isotopes in leaf water confirm the Craig-Gordon model under wide-ranging environmental conditions. Plant Physiology 120, 11651173.
  • Shaw D.C., Franklin J.F., Bible K., Klopatek J., Freeman E., Greene S. & Parker G.G. (2004) Ecological setting of the Wind River old-growth forest. Ecosystem 7, 427439.
  • Stull R.B. (1988) An Introduction to Boundary Layer Meteorology. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA, USA.
  • Thomas S.C. & Winner W.E. (2000) Leaf area index of an old-growth Douglas-fir forest estimated from direct structural measurements in the canopy. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30, 19221930.
  • Unsworth M.H., Phillips N., Link T., Bond B., Falk M., Harmon M., Hinckley T., Marks D. & Paw U K.T. (2004) Components and controls of water flux in an old-growth Douglas-fir/western hemlock ecosystem. Ecosystems 7, 468481.
  • Walker C.D., Leaney F.W.J., Dighton J.C., Allison G.B. (1989) The influence of transpiration on the equilibrium of leaf water with atmospheric water vapour. Plant, Cell and Environment 12, 221234.
  • Wang X.-F. & Yakir D. (2000) Using stable isotopes of water in evapotranspiration studies. Hydrological Processes 14, 14071421.
  • Wang X.-F., Yakir D. & Avishai M. (1998) Non-climatic variations in the oxygen isotopic compositions of plants. Global Change Biology 4, 835849.
  • Webb E.K., Pearman G.I. & Leuning R. (1980) Correction of flux measurements for density effects due to heat and water vapour transfer. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 106, 85100.
  • Welker J.M. (2000) Isotopic (δ18O) characteristics of weekly precipitation collected across the United States: an initial analysis with application to water source studies. Hydrological Processes 14, 14491464.
  • Wesson K.H., Katul G.G. & Lai C.-T. (2001) Sensible heat flux estimation by flux-variance and half-order time derivative methods. Water Resources Research 37, 23332343.
  • White J.W.C. (1983) The climatic significance of deuterium hydrogen ratios in white pine in the northeastern United States. PhD Thesis, Columbia University, New York, USA.
  • Williams D.G. & Ehleringer J.R. (2000) Intra- and interspecific variation for summer precipitation use in pinyon-juniper woodlands. Ecological Monographs 70, 517537.
  • Williams D.G., Cable W., Hultine K., et al. (2004) Evapotranspiration components determined by stable isotope, sap flow and eddy covariance techniques. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 125, 241258.
  • Yakir D. (1992) Water compartmentation in plant tissue: isotopic evidence. In Water and Life (eds G.N.Somero, C.B.Osmond, L.Bolis), pp. 205222. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
  • Yakir D. (1998) Oxygen-18 of leaf water: a crossroad for plant-associated isotopic signals. In Stable Isotopes and the Integration of Biology, Ecological and Geochemical Processes (ed. H.Griffiths), pp. 147168. Bios Scientific Publishers, Oxford, UK.
  • Yakir D. & Wang X.F. (1996) Fluxes of CO2 and water between terrestrial vegetation and the atmosphere estimated from isotope measurements. Nature 380, 515517.
  • Yakir D. & Sternberg L.S.L. (2000) The use of stable isotopes to study ecosystem gas exchange. Oecologia 123, 297311.
  • Yakir D., DeNiro M.J. & Gat J.R. (1990) Natural deuterium and oxygen-18 enrichment in leaf water of cotton plants grown under wet and dry conditions: evidence for water compartmentation and its dynamics. Plant, Cell and Environment 13, 4956.
  • Yakir D., Berry J.A., Giles L. & Osmond C.B. (1994) Isotopic heterogeneity of water in transpiring leaves: identification of the component that controls the δ18O of atmospheric O2 and CO2. Plant, Cell and Environment 17, 7380.
  • Yepez E.A., Williams D.G., Scott R.L. & Lin G. (2003) Partitioning overstory and understory evapotranspiration in a semiarid savanna woodland from the isotopic composition of water vapor. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 119, 5168.