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Keywords:

  • discrimination;
  • isotopic disequilibrium;
  • Keeling plot;
  • partition;
  • photosynthesis.

ABSTRACT

Ecosystem-scale estimation of photosynthesis and respiration using micrometeorological techniques remains an important, yet difficult, challenge. In this study, we combined micrometeorological and stable isotope methods to partition net ecosystem CO2 exchange (FN) into photosynthesis (FA) and respiration (FR) in a corn–soybean rotation ecosystem during the summer 2003 corn phase. Mixing ratios of 12CO2 and 13CO2 were measured continuously using tunable diode laser (TDL) absorption spectroscopy. The dynamics of the isotope ratio of ecosystem respiration (δR), net ecosystem CO2 exchange (δN) and photosynthetic discrimination at the canopy scale (Δcanopy) were examined. During the period of full canopy closure, FN was partitioned into photosynthesis and respiration using both the isotopic approach and the conventional night-time-derived regression methodology. Results showed that δR had significant seasonal variation (−32 to −11‰) corresponding closely with canopy phenology. Daytime δN typically varied from −12 to −4‰, while Δcanopy remained relatively constant in the vicinity of 3‰. Compared with the regression approach, the isotopic flux partitioning showed more short-term variations and was considerably more symmetric about FN. In this experiment, the isotopic partitioning resulted in larger uncertainties, most of which were caused by the uncertainties in δN and the daytime estimate of δR. By sufficiently reducing these uncertainties, the tunable diode laser (TDL)–micrometeorological technique should yield a better understanding of the processes controlling photosynthesis, respiration and ecosystem-scale discrimination.