SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Austin M.P., Nicholls A.O. & Margules C.R. (1990) Measurement of the realized qualitative niche: environmental niches of five Eucalyptus species. Ecological Monographs 60, 161177.
  • Ball M.C., Egerton J.J.G., Leuning R., Cunningham R.B. & Dunne P. (1997) Microclimate above grass adversely affects spring growth of seedling snow gum (Eucalyptus pauciflora). Plant, Cell and Environment 20, 155166.
  • Ball M.C., Egerton J.J.G., Lutze J.L., Gutschick V.P. & Cunningham R.B. (2002a) Mechanisms of competition: thermal inhibition of tree seedling growth by grass. Oecologia 133, 120130.
  • Ball M.C., Wolfe J., Canny M., Hofmann M., Nicotra A.B. & Hughes D. (2002b) Space and time dependence of temperature and freezing in evergreen leaves. Functional Plant Biology 29, 12591272.
  • Ball M.C., Canny M.J., Huang C.X. & Heady R. (2004) Structural changes in acclimated and unacclimated leaves during freezing and thawing. Functional Plant Biology 31, 2940.
  • Blennow K., Lang A.R.G., Dunne P. & Ball M.C. (1998) Cold-induced photoinhibition and growth of seedling snow gum (Eucalyptus pauciflora) under differing temperature and radiation regimes in fragmented forests. Plant, Cell and Environment 21, 407416.
  • Canny M.J. (1995) Apoplastic water and solute movement: new rules for an old space. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 46, 215236.
  • Canny M.J. (1997) Vessel contents during transpiration – embolisms and refilling. American Journal of Botany 84, 12231230.
  • Canny M.J., McCully M.E. & Huang C.X. (2001) Cryo-scanning electron microscopy observations of vessel content during transpiration in walnut petioles. Facts or artefacts? Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 39, 555563.
  • Cavender-Bares J. & Holbrook N.M. (2001) Hydraulic properties and freezing-induced cavitation in sympatric evergreen and deciduous oaks with contrasting habitats. Plant, Cell and Environment 24, 12431256.
  • Cochard H., Bodet C., Ameglio T. & Cruizat P. (2000) Cryo-scanning electron microscopy observations of vessel content during transpiration in walnut petioles. Facts or artefacts? Plant Physiology 124, 11911202.
  • Davis S.D., Sperry J.S. & Hacke U.G. (1999) The relationship between xylem conduit diameter and cavitation caused by freezing. American Journal of Botany 86, 13671372.
  • Feild T.S. & Brodribb T. (2001) Stem water transport and freeze-thaw xylem embolism in conifers and angiosperms in a Tasmanian treeline heath. Oecologia 127, 314320.
  • Gasco A., Nardini A. & Salleo S. (2004) Resistance to water flow through leaves of Coffea arabica is dominated by extra-vascular tissues. Functional Plant Biology 31, 11611168.
  • Hacke U.G. & Sperry J.S. (2001) Functional and ecological xylem anatomy. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 42, 97115.
  • Hammel H.T. (1967) Freezing of xylem sap without cavitation. Plant Physiology 42, 5566.
  • Harwood C.E. (1981) Frost resistance of subalpine Eucalyptus species. II. Experiments using the resistance index method of damage assessment. Australian Journal of Botany 29, 209218.
  • Johnson R.W. & Tyree M.T. (1992) Effect of stem water content on sap flow from dormant maple and butternut stems. Plant Physiology 100, 853858.
  • Kikuta S.B. & Richter H. (2003) Ultrasound acoustic emissions from freezing xylem. Plant, Cell and Environment 26, 383388.
  • Langan S.J., Ewers F.W. & Davis S.D. (1997) Xylem dysfunction caused by water stress and freezing in two species of co-occurring chaparral shrubs. Plant, Cell and Environment 20, 425437.
  • Leuning R. & Cremer K.W. (1988) Leaf temperatures during radiation frost. I. Observations. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 42, 121133.
  • Levitt J. (1972) Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress. Academic Press, New York, USA
  • LoGullo M.A. & Salleo S. (1993) Different vulnerabilities of Quercus ilex L. to freeze and summer drought-induced xylem embolism: an ecological interpretation. Plant, Cell and Environment 16, 511519.
  • Lutze J.L., Roden J.S., Holly C.J., Wolfe J., Egerton J.J.G. & Ball M.C. (1998) Elevated atmospheric [CO2] promotes frost damage in evergreen tree seedlings. Plant, Cell and Environment 21, 631635.
  • Martinez-Vilalta J. & Pockman W.T. (2002) The vulnerability to freezing-induced xylem cavitation of Larrea tridentata (Zygophyllaceae) in the Chihuahuan desert. American Journal of Botany 89, 19161924.
  • McCully M.E., Shane M.W., Baker A.N., Huang C.X., Ling L.E.C. & Canny M.J. (2000) The reliability of cryoSEM for the observation and quantification of xylem embolisms and quantitative analysis of xylem sap in situ. Journal of Microscopy 198, 2433.
  • McCully M.E., Canny M.J. & Huang C.X. (2004) The management of extracellular ice by frosted, acclimated herbaceous petioles. Annals of Botany 94, 665674.
  • O'Malley P.E.R. & Milburn J.A. (1983) Freeze induced fluctuations in xylem sap pressure of Acer pseudoplatanus. Canadian Journal of Botany 61, 31003106.
  • Pittermann J. & Sperry J. (2003) Tracheid diameter is the key trait determining the extent of freezing-induced embolism in conifers. Tree Physiology 23, 907914.
  • Pockman W.T. & Sperry J.S. (1997) Freezing-induced xylem cavitation and the northern limit of Larrea tridentata. Oecologia 109, 1927.
  • Robson D.J., McHardy W.J. & Petty J.A. (1988) Freezing in conifer xylem. I. Pressure changes and growth velocity of ice. Journal of Experimental Botany 38, 19011908.
  • Sakai A. & Larcher W. (1987) Frost Survival of Plants. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
  • Sakai A., Paton D.M. & Wardle P. (1981) Freezing resistance of trees of the south temperate zone, especially subalpine species of Australasia. Ecology 62, 563570.
  • Salleo S., Lo Gullo M.A., Trifilo P. & Nardini A. (2004) New evidence for a role of vessel-associated cells and phloem in the rapid refilling of cavitated stems of Laurus nobilis L. Plant, Cell and Environment 27, 10651076.
  • Sperry J.S. & Sullivan J.E.M. (1992) Xylem embolism in response to freeze-thaw cycles and water stress in ring-porous, diffuse porous, and conifer species. Plant Physiology 100, 605613.
  • Sperry J.S., Nichols K.L., Sullivan J.E.M. & Eastlack S.E. (1994) Xylem embolism in ring-porous, diffuse porous, and coniferous trees of northern Utah and interior Alaska. Ecology 75, 17361752.
  • Steponkus P.L. & Lynch D.V. (1989) Freeze/thaw-induced destabilization of the plasma membrane and the effects of cold acclimation. Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes 21, 2141.
  • Sucoff E. (1969) Freezing of conifer sap and the cohesion-tension theory. Physiologia Plantarum 22, 424431.
  • Tyree M.T. & Yang S. (1992) A theoretical model of hydraulic conductivity recovery from embolism with comparison to experimental data on Acer saccharum. Plant, Cell and Environment 15, 633643.
  • Utsumi Y., Sano Y., Fujikawa S., Funada R. & Ohtani J. (1998) Visualization of cavitated vessels in winter and refilled vessels in spring in diffuse-porous trees by cryo-scanning electron microscopy. Plant Physiology 117, 14631471.
  • Webb M.S., Gilmour S.J., Thomashow M.F. & Steponkus P.L. (1996) Effects of COR6.6 and COR15am polypeptides encoded by COR (cold-regulated) genes of Arabidopsis thaliana on dehydration-induced phase transitions of phospholipid membranes. Plant Physiology 111, 301312.
  • Wolfe J. & Bryant G. (1999) Freezing, drying and/or vitrification of membrane solute-water systems. Cryobiology 39, 103129.
  • Wolfe J., Bryant G. & Koster K.L. (2002) What is ‘unfreezable water’, how unfreezable is it, and how much is there? Cryo-Letters 23, 157166.
  • Xin Z. & Browse J. (2000) Cold comfort farm: the acclimation of plants to freezing temperatures. Plant, Cell and Environment 23, 893902.
  • Yamada T., Kuroda K., Jitsuyama Y., Takezawa D., Arakawa K. & Fujikawa S. (2002) Roles of the plasma membrane and the cell wall in the responses of plant cells to freezing. Planta 215, 770778.
  • Yoon Y., Pope J. & Wolfe J. (2003) Freezing stresses and hydration of isolated cell walls. Cryobiology 46, 2003.