Evidence for altered polar and lateral auxin transport in the gravity persistent signal (gps) mutants of Arabidopsis


Sarah E. Wyatt. Fax: +1 740 5931130; e-mail: wyatts@ohio.edu


Plant shoots do not respond when they are reoriented relative to gravity at 4 °C. However, when returned to vertical at room temperature, these organs bend in response to the previous cold gravistimulation. The inflorescence stem of the Arabidopsis thaliana gravity persistent signal (gps) mutants respond abnormally after the cold gravistimulation: gps1 does not bend when returned to room temperature, gps2 bends the wrong way and gps3 over-responds, curving past the predicted angle. In wild type and the mutants, basipetal auxin transport in the inflorescence stem was abolished at 4 °C but restored when plants were returned to room temperature. In gps1, auxin transport was increased; in both gps2 and gps3, no significant difference was found when compared to wild type. Expression of the auxin-inducible PIAA2::GUS reporter gene, indicated that auxin-induced gene expression was redistributed to the lower side of the inflorescence stem in wild type after gravistimulation at 4 °C. In gps1, no asymmetries in PIAA2::GUS expression were seen. In gps2, PIAA2::GUS expression was localized to the upper side of the stem and in gps3, asymmetric PIAA2::GUS expression was extended throughout the elongation zone of the inflorescence stem. These results are consistent with altered lateral Indole-3-acetic-acid (IAA) gradients being responsible for the phenotype of each mutant.