Temperature acclimation in a biochemical model of photosynthesis: a reanalysis of data from 36 species

Authors

  • JENS KATTGE,

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    1. Max-Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Hans-Knöll-Str. 10, 07745 Jena, Germany,
      J. Kattge. Fax: +49 3641 57 7200; e-mail: jkattge@bgc-jena.mpg.de
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  • WOLFGANG KNORR

    1. QUEST, University of Bristol, Department of Earth Sciences, Wills Memorial Building, Queen's Road, BS8 1RJ, UK
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J. Kattge. Fax: +49 3641 57 7200; e-mail: jkattge@bgc-jena.mpg.de

ABSTRACT

The Farquhar et al. model of C3 photosynthesis is frequently used to study the effect of global changes on the biosphere. Its two main parameters representing photosynthetic capacity, Vcmax and Jmax, have been observed to acclimate to plant growth temperature for single species, but a general formulation has never been derived. Here, we present a reanalysis of data from 36 plant species to quantify the temperature dependence of Vcmax and Jmax with a focus on plant growth temperature, i.e. the plants' average ambient temperature during the preceding month. The temperature dependence of Vcmax and Jmax within each data set was described very well by a modified Arrhenius function that accounts for a decrease of Vcmax and Jmax at high temperatures. Three parameters were optimized: base rate, activation energy and entropy term. An effect of plant growth temperature on base rate and activation energy could not be observed, but it significantly affected the entropy term. This caused the optimum temperature of Vcmax and Jmax to increase by 0.44 °C and 0.33 °C per 1 °C increase of growth temperature. While the base rate of Vcmax and Jmax seemed not to be affected, the ratio Jmax : Vcmax at 25 °C significantly decreased with increasing growth temperature. This moderate temperature acclimation is sufficient to double-modelled photosynthesis at 40 °C, if plants are grown at 25 °C instead of 17 °C.

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