SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Allen S.E. (1989) Chemical Analysis of Ecological Materials, 2nd edn. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK.
  • Bacelar E.A., Santos D.L., Moutinho-Pereira J.M., Goncalves B.C., Ferreira H.F. & Correia C.M. (2006) Immediate responses and adaptative strategies of three olive cultivars under contrasting water availability regimes: changes on structure and chemical composition of foliage and oxidative damage. Plant Science 170, 596605.
  • Badger M.R., Bjorkman O. & Armond P.A. (1982) An analysis of photosynthetic response and adaptation to temperature in higher-plants – temperature-acclimation in the desert evergreen Nerium-oleander L. Plant, Cell & Environment 5, 8599.
  • Bond B.J., Farnsworth B.T., Coulombe R.A. & Winner W.E. (1999) Foliage physiology and biochemistry in response to light gradients in conifers with varying shade tolerance. Oecologia 120, 183192.
  • Bryant J.P., Chapin F.S. & Klein D.R. (1983) Carbon nutrient balance of boreal plants in relation to vertebrate herbivory. Oikos 40, 357368.
  • Cabrera H.M., Rada F. & Cavieres L. (1998) Effects of temperature on photosynthesis of two morphologically contrasting plant species along an altitudinal gradient in the tropical high Andes. Oecologia 114, 145152.
  • Cavieres L.A., Rada F., Azocar A., Garcia-Nunez C. & Cabrera H.M. (2000) Gas exchange and low temperature resistance in two tropical high mountain tree species from the Venezuelan Andes. Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology 21, 203211.
  • Correia C.M., Areal E.L.V., Torres-Pereira M.S. & Torres-Pereira J.M.G. (1999) Intraspecific variation in sensitivity to ultraviolet-B radiation in maize grown under field conditions – II. Physiological and biochemical aspects. Field Crops Research 62, 97105.
  • Däniker A. (1923) Biologische Studien über Wald- und Baumgrenze, insbosondere über die klimatischen Ursachen und deren Zusammenhänge. Vierteljahrsschrift der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich 68, 1102.
  • Davey P.A., Parsons A.J., Atkinson L., Wadge K. & Long S.P. (1999) Does photosynthetic acclimation to elevated CO2 increase photosynthetic nitrogen-use efficiency? A study of three native UK grassland species in open-top chambers. Functional Ecology 13, 2128.
  • Diaz-Espejo A., Nicolas E. & Fernandez J.E. (2007) Seasonal evolution of diffusional limitations and photosynthetic capacity in olive under drought. Plant, Cell & Environment 30, 922933.
  • Fischer C. & Holl W. (1991) Food reserves of Scots Pine (Pinus-Sylvestris L). 1. Seasonal-changes in the carbohydrate and fat reserves of pine needles. Trees-Structure and Function 5, 187195.
  • Goldstein G., Meinzer F.C. & Rada F. (1994) Environmental biology of a tropical treeline species, Polylepis sericea. In Tropical Alpine Environments (eds P.W.Rundel, A.P.Smith & F.C.Meinzer), pp. 129149. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Gonzalez J.A. (1991) The annual TNC (total non-structural carbohydrates) cycles in two high mountain species: Woodsia montevidensis and Calandrinia acaulis. Botanica 42, 276280.
  • Grace J. & James J. (1993) Physiology of trees at treeline. In Forest Development in Cold Climates (eds J.Alden, J.L.Mastrantonio & S.Odum), pp. 105114. Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA.
  • Graham E.A., Mulkey S.S., Kitajima K., Phillips N.G. & Wright S.J. (2003) Cloud cover limits net CO2 uptake and growth of a rainforest tree during tropical rainy seasons. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100, 572576.
  • Gwynn-Jones D. (2001) Short-term impacts of enhanced UV-B radiation on photo-assimilate allocation and metabolism: a possible interpretation for time-dependent inhibition of growth. Plant Ecology 154, 6773.
  • He J.S., Fang J.Y., Wang Z.H., Guo D.L., Flynn D.F.B. & Geng Z. (2006) Stoichiometry and large-scale patterns of leaf carbon and nitrogen in the grassland biomes of China. Oecologia 149, 115122.
  • He Y., Liao C. & Zhang B. (2005) A study on pedography of soil on the eastern slope of Mt. Gongga in southeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Journal of Mountain Science 23, 651656 (in Chinese).
  • Hoch G. & Korner C. (2003) The carbon charging of pines at the climatic treeline: a global comparison. Oecologia 135, 1021.
  • Hoch G. & Korner C. (2005) Growth, demography and carbon relations of Polylepis trees at the world's highest treeline. Functional Ecology 19, 941951.
  • Hoch G., Popp M. & Korner C. (2002) Altitudinal increase of mobile carbon pools in Pinus cembra suggests sink limitation of growth at the Swiss treeline. Oikos 98, 361374.
  • Hoch G., Richter A. & Korner C. (2003) Non-structural carbon compounds in temperate forest trees. Plant, Cell & Environment 26, 10671081.
  • Hurry V.M., Keerberg O., Parnik T., Gardestrom P. & Oquist G. (1995) Cold-hardening results in increased activity of enzymes involved in carbon metabolism in leaves of winter rye (Secale-Cereale L.). Planta 195, 554562.
  • Kitajima K. & Hogan K.P. (2003) Increases of chlorophyll a/b ratios during acclimation of tropical woody seedlings to nitrogen limitation and high light. Plant, Cell & Environment 26, 857865.
  • Korner C. (1989) The nutritional-status of plants from high-altitudes – a worldwide comparison. Oecologia 81, 379391.
  • Korner C. (1998) A re-assessment of high elevation treeline positions and their explanation. Oecologia 115, 445459.
  • Korner C. (2003a) Alpine Plant Life: Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems, 2nd edn. Springer, Heidelberg, Berlin, Germany; New York, NY, USA.
  • Korner C. (2003b) Carbon limitation in trees. Journal of Ecology 91, 417.
  • Lewis J.D., Lucash M., Olszyk D.M. & Tingey D.T. (2004) Relationships between needle nitrogen concentration and photosynthetic responses of Douglas-fir seedlings to elevated CO2 and temperature. New Phytologist 162, 355364.
  • Li M., Yang J. & Krauchi N. (2003) Growth responses of Picea abies and Larix decidua to elevation in subalpine areas of Tyrol, Austria. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33, 653662.
  • Li M.H. & Kräuchi N. (2005) The state of knowledge on alpine treeline and suggestions for future research. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology 26, 3642 (in Chinese).
  • Li M.H. & Yang J. (2004) Effects of microsite on growth of Pinus cembra in the subalpine zone of the Austrian Alps. Annals of Forest Science 61, 319325.
  • Li M.H., Hoch G. & Korner C. (2001) Spatial variability of mobile carbohydrates within Pinus cembra trees at the alpine treeline. Phyton-Annales Rei Botanicae 41, 203213.
  • Li M.H., Hoch G. & Korner C. (2002) Source/sink removal affects mobile carbohydrates in Pinus cembra at the Swiss treeline. Trees-Structure and Function 16, 331337.
  • Li M.H., Krauchi N. & Dobbertin M. (2006) Biomass distribution of different-aged needles in young and old Pinus cembra trees at highland and lowland sites. Trees-Structure and Function 20, 611618.
  • Li M.H., Xiao W.F., Wang S.G., Cheng G.W., Cherubini P., Cai X.H., Liu X.L., Wang X.D. & Zhu W.Z. (2008) Mobile carbohydrates in Himalayan treeline trees I. Evidence for carbon gain limitation but not for growth limitation. Tree Physiology 28, 12871296.
  • Liu X. & Tyree M.T. (1997) Root carbohydrate reserves, mineral nutrient concentrations and biomass in a healthy and a declining sugar maple (Acer saccharum) stand. Tree Physiology 17, 179185.
  • Martindale W. & Leegood R.C. (1997) Acclimation of photosynthesis to low temperature in Spinacia oleracea L. 2. Effects of nitrogen supply. Journal of Experimental Botany 48, 18731880.
  • Morin X., Ameglio T., Ahas R., Kurz-Besson C., Lanta V., Lebourgeois F., Miglietta F. & Chuine I. (2007) Variation in cold hardiness and carbohydrate concentration from dormancy induction to bud burst among provenances of three European oak species. Tree Physiology 27, 817825.
  • Ogren E. (1997) Relationship between temperature, respiratory loss of sugar and premature dehardening in dormant Scots pine seedlings. Tree Physiology 17, 4751.
  • Osaki M., Shinano T. & Tadano T. (1991) Redistribution of carbon and nitrogen-compounds from the shoot to the harvesting organs during maturation in field crops. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 37, 117128.
  • Polle A., McKee I. & Blaschke L. (2001) Altered physiological and growth responses to elevated [CO2] in offspring from holm oak (Quercus ilex L.) mother trees with lifetime exposure to naturally elevated [CO2. Plant, Cell & Environment 24, 10751083.
  • Reich P.B. & Oleksyn J. (2004) Global patterns of plant leaf N and P in relation to temperature and latitude. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101, 1100111006.
  • Richardson A.D. (2004) Foliar chemistry of balsam fir and red spruce in relation to elevation and the canopy light gradient in the mountains of the northeastern United States. Plant and Soil 260, 291299.
  • Richardson A.D., Berlyn G.P. & Gregoire T.G. (2001) Spectral reflectance of Picea rubens (Pinaceae) and Abies balsamea (Pinaceae) needles along an elevational gradient, Mt. Moosilauke, New Hampshire, USA. American Journal of Botany 88, 667676.
  • Ripullone F., Grassi G., Lauteri M. & Borghetti M. (2003) Photosynthesis–nitrogen relationships: interpretation of different patterns between Pseudotsuga menziesii and Populus x euroamericana in a mini-stand experiment. Tree Physiology 23, 137144.
  • Runion G.B., Entry J.A., Prior S.A., Mitchell R.J. & Rogers H.H. (1999) Tissue chemistry and carbon allocation in seedlings of Pinus palustris subjected to elevated atmospheric CO2 and water stress. Tree Physiology 19, 329335.
  • Schulze E.D., Mooney H.A. & Dunn E.L. (1967) Wintertime photosynthesis of Bristlecone Pine (Pinus aristata) in White Mountains of California. Ecology 48, 10441047.
  • Seifter S., Dayton S., Novic B. & Muntwyler E. (1950) The estimation of glycogen with the anthrone reagent. Archives of Biochemistry 25, 191200.
  • Sharkey T.D., Socias X. & Loreto F. (1994) CO2 effects on photosynthetic end product synthesis and feedback. In Plant Responses to the Gaseous Environment (eds R.G.Alscher & A.R.Wellburn), pp. 5578. Chapman and Hall, London, UK.
  • Shi P.L., Korner C. & Hoch G. (2006) End of season carbon supply status of woody species near the treeline in western China. Basic and Applied Ecology 7, 370377.
  • Shi P., Korner C. & Hoch G. (2008) A test of the growth-limitation theory for alpine tree line formation in evergreen and deciduous taxa of the eastern Himalayas. Functional Ecology 22, 213220.
  • Stevens G.C. & Fox J.F. (1991) The causes of treeline. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 22, 177191.
  • Tranquillini W. (1979) Physiological Ecology of the Alpine Timberline: Tree Existence at High Altitude with Special Reference to the European Alps. Springer, Heidelberg, Berlin, Germany; New York, NY, USA.
  • Wardle P. (1993) Causes of alpine timberline: a review of the hypotheses. In Forest Development in Cold Climates (eds J.Alden, J.L. Mastrantonio & S.Odum), pp. 89103. Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA.