SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Anterola A.M. & Lewis N.G. (2002) Trends in lignin modification: a comprehensive analysis of the effects of genetic manipulations/mutations on lignification and vascular integrity. Phytochemistry 61, 221294.
  • Baucher M., Chabbert B., Pilate G., et al. (1996) Red xylem and higher lignin extractability by down-regulating a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase in poplar. Plant Physiology 112, 14791490.
  • Boudet A.M., Lapierre C. & Grima-Pettenati J. (1995) Biochemistry and molecular biology of lignification. New Phytologist 129, 203236.
  • Christensen-Daalsgaard K.K., Fournier M., Ennos A.R. & Barfod A.S. (2007) Changes in anatomy in response to mechanical loading in six species of tropical trees. New Phytologist 176, 610622.
  • Cochard H., Cruiziat P. & Tyree M.T. (1992) Use of positive pressures to establish vulnerability curves. Plant Physiology 100, 205209.
  • Cochard H., Ridolfi M. & Dreyer E. (1996) Responses to water stress in an ABA-unresponsive hybrid poplar (Poulus koreana × trichocarpa cv. Peace) II. Hydraulic properties and xylem embolism. New Phytologist 134, 455461.
  • Coleman H.D., Samuels A.L., Guy R.D. & Mansfield S.D. (2008) Perturbed lignification impacts tree growth in hybrid poplar – a function of sink strength, vascular integrity and photosynthetic assimilation. Plant Physiology 148, 12291237.
  • Costa M.A., Bedgar D.L., Moinuddin S.G.A., et al. (2005) Characterization in vitro and in vivo of the putative multigene 4-coumarate CoA ligase network in Arabidopsis: syringyl lignin and sinapate/sinapyl alcohol derivative formation. Phytochemistry 66, 20722091.
  • Davin L.B., Patten A.M., Jourdes M. & Lewis N.G. (2008) Lignins: a twenty-first century challenge. In Biomass Recalcitrance (ed. M.E.Himmel), pp. 213305. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. 528 pp.
  • Domec J.C. & Gartner B.L. (2002) How do water transport and water storage differ in coniferous earlywood and latewood? Journal of Experimental Botany 53, 23692379.
  • Domec J.-C., Lachenbruch B., Meinzer F.C., Woodruff D.R., Warren J.M. & McCulloh K.A. (2008) Maximum height in a conifer is associated with conflicting requirements for xylem design. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105, 1206912074.
  • Donaldson L.A. (2001) Lignification and lignin topochemistry – an ultra structural view. Photochemistry 57, 859873.
  • Esau K. (1967) Plant Anatomy. Wiley, New York, NY, USA. 767 pp.
  • Filichkin S.A., Meilan R., Busov V.B., Ma C., Brunner A.M. & Strauss S.H. (2006) Alcohol-inducible gene expression in transgenic Populus. Plant Cell Reports 25, 660667.
  • Gartner B. (1991a) Stem hydraulic properties of vines versus shrubs of western poison oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum. Oecologia 87, 180189.
  • Gartner B. (1991b) Structural stability and architecture of vines versus shrubs of poison oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum. Ecology 72, 20052015.
  • Gartner B.L., Roy J. & Huc R. (2003) Effects of tension wood on specific conductivity and vulnerability to embolism of Quercus ilex seedlings grown at two atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Tree Physiology 23, 387395.
  • Gartner B.L., Moore J.R. & Gardiner B.A. (2004) Gas in stems: abundance and potential consequences for tree biomechanics. Tree Physiology 24, 12391250.
  • Hacke U. & Sauter J.J. (1996) Drought-induced xylem dysfunction in petioles, branches and roots of Populus balsamifera L. and Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. Plant Physiology 111, 413417.
  • Hacke U.G., Sperry J.S., Pockman W.T., Davis S.D. & McCulloh K. (2001) Trends in wood density and structure are linked to prevention of xylem implosion by negative pressure. Oecologia 126, 457461.
  • Hacke U.G., Sperry J.S., Wheeler J.K. & Castro L. (2006) Scaling of angiosperm xylem structure with safety and efficiency. Tree Physiology 26, 689701.
  • Hamberger B. & Hahlbrock K. (2004) The 4-coumarate: CoA ligase gene family in Arabidopsis thaliana comprises one rare, sinapate-activating and three commonly occurring isoenzymes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101, 22092214.
  • Harding S.A., Leshkevich J., Chiang V.L. & Tsai C.-J. (2002) Differential substrate inhibition couples kinetically distinct 4-coumarate: coenzyme A ligases with spatially distinct metabolic roles in quaking aspen. Plant Physiology 128, 428438.
  • Horvath L. (2010) Modeling the behavior of transgenic aspen with altered lignin content and composition. Doctoral Dissertation, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC. 315 pp.
  • Horvath B., Peszlen I., Peralta P., Kasal B. & Li L. (2010a) Effect of lignin genetic modification on wood anatomy of aspen trees. International Association of Wood Anatomists 31, 2938.
  • Horvath B., Peszlen I., Peralta P. & Kasal B. (2010b) Mechanical properties of genetically engineered young aspen with modified lignin content and/or structure. Wood and Fiber Science 42, 18.
  • Hu W.-J., Harding S.A., Lung J., Popko J.L., Ralph J., Stokke D.D., Tsai C.-J. & Chiang V.L. (1999) Repression of lignin biosynthesis promotes cellulose accumulation and growth in transgenic trees. Nature Biotechnology 17, 808812.
  • Huntley S.K., Ellis D., Gilbert M., Chapple C. & Mansfield S.D. (2003) Significant increases in pulping efficiency in C4H-F5H-transformed poplars: improved chemical savings and reduced environmental toxins. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51, 61786183.
  • Jacobsen A.L., Ewers F.W., Pratt R.B., Paccock W.A. III & Davis S.D. (2005) Do xylem fibers affect vessel cavitation resistance? Plant Physiology 139, 546556.
  • Jacobsen A.L., Agenbag L., Esler K.J., Pratt R.B., Ewers F.W. & Davis S.D. (2007a) Xylem density, biomechanics, and anatomical traits correlate with water stress in 17 evergreen shrub species of the Mediterranean-type climate region of South Africa. The Journal of Ecology 95, 171183.
  • Jacobsen A.L., Pratt R.B., Ewers F.W. & Davis S.D. (2007b) Cavitation resistance among twenty-six chaparral species of southern California. Ecological Monographs 77, 99115.
  • Jourez B., Riboux A. & Leclercq A. (2001) Anatomical characteristics of tension wood and opposite wood in young inclined stems of poplar (Populus euramericana cv. ‘Ghoy’). International Association of Wood Anatomists 22, 133157.
  • Kern K.A., Ewers F.W., Telewski F.W. & Köhler L. (2005) Mechanical perturbation affects conductivity, mechanical properties and aboveground biomass of hybrid poplars. Tree Physiology 25, 12431251.
  • Kitin P., Voelker S.L., Meinzer F.C., Beeckman H., Strauss S.H. & Lachenbruch B. (2010) Tyloses and phenolic deposits in xylem vessels impede water transport in low-lignin transgenic poplars: a study by cryo-fluorescence microscopy. Plant Physiology 154, 887898.
  • Koehler L., Ewers F.W. & Telewski F.W. (2006) Optimizing for multiple functions: mechanical and structural contributions of cellulose microfibrils and lignin in strengthening tissues. In Characterization of the Cellulosic Cell Wall (eds D.D.Stokke & L.H.Groom), pp. 2029. Blackwell Publishing, Ames, IA, USA.
  • Lapierre C., Pollet B., Petit-Conil M., et al. (1999) Structural alterations of lignins in transgenic poplars with depressed cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase or caffeic acid O-methyltransferase activity have an opposite impact on the efficiency of industrial craft pulping. Plant Physiology 119, 153163.
  • Leple J.C., Dauwe R., Morreel K., et al. (2007) Downregulation of cinnamoyl-coenzyme A reductase in poplar: multiple-level phenotyping reveals effects on cell wall polymer metabolism and structure. Plant Cell 19, 36693691.
  • Li L., Zhou Y., Cheng X., Sun J., Marita J.M., Ralph J. & Chiang V.L. (2003) Combinatorial modification of multiple lignin traits in trees through multigene cotransformation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100, 49394944.
  • McCulloh K., Sperry J.S., Lachenbruch B., Meinzer F.C., Reich P.B. & Voelker S. (2010) Moving water well: comparing hydraulic efficiency in twigs and trunks of coniferous, ring-porous, and diffuse-porous saplings from temperate and tropical forests. New Phytologist 186, 439450.
  • McDowell N.G., Pockman W., Allen C., et al. (2008) Mechanisms of plant survival and mortality during drought: why do some plants survive while others succumb? New Phytologist 178, 719739.
  • Meier H. (1985) Localization of polysaccharides in wood cell walls. In Biosynthesis and Biodegradation of Wood Components (ed. T.Higuchi), pp. 4350. Academic Press, Orlando, FL, USA. 679 pp.
  • Meinzer F.C., James S.A., Goldstein G. & Woodruff D. (2003) Whole-tree water transport scales with sapwood capacitance in tropical forest canopy trees. Plant, Cell & Environment 26, 11471155.
  • Meinzer F.C., Brooks J.R., Domec J.-C., Gartner B.L., Warren J.M., Woodruff D.R., Bible K. & Shaw D.C. (2006) Dynamics of water transport and storage in conifers studied with deuterium and heat tracing techniques. Plant, Cell & Environment 29, 105114.
  • Mencuccini M., Grace J. & Fioravanti M. (1997) Biomechanical and hydraulic determinants of tree structure in Scots pine: anatomical characteristics. Tree Physiology 17, 105113.
  • Meyermans H., Morreel K., Lapierre C., et al. (2000) Modifications in lignin and accumulation of phenolic glucosides in poplar xylem upon down-regulation of caffeoyl-coenzyme A o-methyltransferase, an enzyme involved in lignin biosynthesis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275, 3689936909.
  • Nakashima J., Chen F., Jackson L., Shadle G. & Dixon R.A. (2008) Multi-site genetic modification of monlignol biosynthesis in alfalfa (Medicago sativa): effects on lignin composition in specific cell types. New Phytologist 179, 738750.
  • Panshin A.J. & de Zeeuw C. (1980) Textbook of Wood Technology. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA. 705pp.
  • Phillips N.G., Ryan M.G., Bond B.J., McDowell N.G., Hinckley T.M. & Cermak J. (2003) Reliance on stored water increases with tree size in three species in the Pacific Northwest. Tree Physiology 23, 237245.
  • Pratt R.B., Jacobsen A.L., Ewers F.W. & Davis S.D. (2007) Relationships among xylem transport, biomechanics, and storage in stems and roots of nine Rhamnaceae species of the California chaparral. New Phytologist 174, 787798.
  • Rood S.B., Patino S., Coombs K. & Tyree M.T. (2000) Branch sacrifice: cavitation-associated drought adaptation of riparian cottonwoods. Trees 14, 248257.
  • Saka S. & Goring D.A.I. (1985) Localization of lignins in wood cell walls. In Biosynthesis and Biodegradation of Wood Components (ed. T.Higuchi), pp. 5162. Academic, Orlando, FL, USA. 679 pp.
  • Sano Y., Okamura Y. & Utsumi Y. (2005) Visualizing water-conduction pathways of living trees: selection of dyes and tissue preparation methods. Tree Physiology 25, 269275.
  • Shock C.C., Feibert E.B.G., Seddigh M. & Saunders L.D. (2002) Water requirements and growth of irrigated hybrid poplar in a semi-arid environment in Eastern Oregon. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 17, 4653.
  • Sparks J.P. & Black R.A. (1999) Regulation of water loss in populations of Populus trichocarpa: the role of stomatal control in preventing xylem cavitation. Tree Physiology 19, 453459.
  • Sperry J.S. & Tyree M.T. (1988) Mechanism of water-stress induced xylem embolism. Plant Physiology 88, 581587.
  • Sperry J.S., Meinzer F.C. & McCulloh K.A. (2008) Safety and efficiency conflicts in hydraulic architecture: scaling from tissues to trees. Plant, Cell & Environment 31, 632645.
  • Spicer R. & Gartner B.L. (2002) Compression wood has little impact on the water relations of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) seedlings despite a large effect on shoot hydraulic properties. New Phytologist 154, 633640.
  • Tsai C.-J., Harding S.A., Tschaplinski T.J., Lindroth R.L. & Yuan Y. (2006) Genome-wide analysis of the structural genes regulating defense phenylpropanoid metabolism in Populus. New Phytologist 172, 4762.
  • Tschaplinscki T.J., Tuskan G.A., Sewell M.M., Gebre G.M., Todd D.E. & Pendley C.D. (2006) Phenotypic variation and quantitative trait locus identification for osmotic potential in an interspecific hybrid inbred F2 poplar pedigree grown in contrasting environments. Tree Physiology 26, 595604.
  • Tuskan G.A. (1998) Short-rotation forestry: what we know and what we need to know. Biomass & Bioenergy 14, 307315.
  • Umebayashi T., Utsumi Y., Koga S., Inoue S., Shiiba Y., Arakawa K., Matsumura J. & Oda K. (2007) Optimal conditions for visualizing water-conducting pathways in a living tree by the dye injection method. Tree Physiology 27, 993999.
  • Voelker S.L., Lachenbruch B., Meinzer F.C., et al. (2010) Antisense down-regulation of 4CL expression alters lignification, tree growth and saccharification potential of field-grown poplar. Plant Physiology 154, 874876.
  • Voelker S.L., Lachenbrunch B., Meinzer F.C. & Strauss S.H. (in press) Reduced wood stiffness and strength, and altered stem form, in young antisense 4CL transgenic poplars with reduced lignin contents. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03572.x.
  • Wagner K.R., Ewers F.W. & Davis S.D. (1998) Tradeoffs between hydraulic efficiency and mechanical strength in the stems of four co-occurring species of chaparral shrubs. Oecologia 117, 5362.
  • Wagner A., Donaldson L., Kim H., et al. (2009) Lignin manipulations in the coniferous gymnosperm Pinus radiata. Plant Physiology 149, 370383.
  • Warton D.I., Wright I.J., Falster D.S. & Westoby M. (2006) Bivariate line-fitting methods for allometry. Biological Reviews 81, 259291.
  • Wheeler J.K., Sperry J.S., Hacke U.G. & Hoang N. (2005) Inter-vessel pitting and cavitation in woody Rosaceae and other vesselled plants: a basis for a safety versus efficiency trade-off in xylem transport. Plant, Cell & Environment 28, 800812.
  • Woodrum C.L., Ewers F.W. & Telewski F.W. (2003) Hydraulic, biomechanical, and anatomical interactions of xylem from five species of Acer (Aceraceae). American Journal of Botany 90, 693699.
  • Yoshizawa N., Inami A., Miyake S., Ishiguri F. & Yokota S. (2000) Anatomy and lignin distribution of reaction wood in two Magnolia species. Wood Science and Technology 34, 183196.
  • Zanne A.E., Westoby M., Falster D.S., Ackerly D.D., Loarie S.R., Arnold S.E.J. & Coomes D.A. (2010) Angiosperm wood structure: global patterns in vessel anatomy and its relationship to wood density and potential conductivity. American Journal of Botany 97, 207215.
  • Zimmerman M.H. (1983) Xylem Structure and the Ascent of Sap. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany. 143 p.
  • Zimmerman M.H. & Jeje A.A. (1981) Vessel-length distribution in stems of some American woody plants. Canadian Journal of Botany 59, 18821892.