SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Alder N.N., Pockman W.T., Sperry J.S. & Nuismer S. (1997) Use of centrifugal force in the study of xylem cavitation. Journal of Experimental Botany 48, 665674.
  • Allakhverdiev S.I., Los D.A., Mohanty P., Nishiyama Y. & Murata N. (2007) Glycinebetaine alleviates the inhibitory repair of photosystem II effect of moderate heat stress on the during photoinhibition. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta – Bioenergetics 1767, 13631371.
  • Alsheimer M., Kostner B., Falge E. & Tenhunen J.D. (1998) Temporal and spatial variation in transpiration of Norway spruce stands within a forested catchment of the Fichtelgebirge, Germany. Annales des Sciences Forestieres 55, 103123.
  • Ambrose A.R., Sillett S.C. & Dawson T.E. (2009) Effects of tree height on branch hydraulics, leaf structure and gas exchange in California redwoods. Plant, Cell & Environment 32, 743757.
  • Ambrose A.R., Sillett S.C., Koch G.W., Van Pelt R., Antoine M.E. & Dawson T.E. (2010) Effects of height on treetop transpiration and stomatal conductance in coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens). Tree Physiology 30, 12601272.
  • Azevedo J. & Morgan D.L. (1974) Fog precipitation in coastal California forests. Ecology 55, 11351141.
  • Barbour M.M., Hunt J.E., Walcroft A.S., Rogers G.N.D., McSeveny T.M. & Whitehead D. (2005) Components of ecosystem evaporation in a temperate coniferous rainforest, with canopy transpiration scaled using sapwood density. New Phytologist 165, 549558.
  • Borghetti M., Edwards W.R.N., Grace J., Jarvis P.G. & Raschi A. (1991) The refilling of embolized xylem in Pinus sylvestris L. Plant, Cell & Environment 14, 357369.
  • Brodribb T.J. & Cochard H. (2009) Hydraulic failure defines the recovery and point of death in water-stressed conifers. Plant Physiology 149, 575584.
  • Bunce J.A. (1981) Comparative responses of leaf conductance to humidity in single attached leaves. Journal of Experimental Botany 32, 629634.
  • Burgess S.S.O. & Dawson T.E. (2004) The contribution of fog to the water relations of Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don): foliar uptake and prevention of dehydration. Plant, Cell & Environment 27, 10231034.
  • Burgess S.S.O., Pittermann J. & Dawson T.E. (2006) Hydraulic efficiency and safety of branch xylem increases with height in Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) crowns. Plant, Cell & Environment 29, 229239.
  • Bush S.E., Pataki D.E., Hultine K.R., West A.G., Sperry J.S. & Ehleringer J.R. (2008) Wood anatomy constrains stomatal responses to atmospheric vapor pressure deficit in irrigated, urban trees. Oecologia 156, 1320.
  • Byers H.R. (1953) Coast redwoods and fog drip. Ecology 34, 192193.
  • Chaves M.M. (1991) Effects of water deficits on carbon assimilation. Journal of Experimental Botany 42, 116.
  • Cienciala E., Kucera J., Lindroth A., Cermak J., Grelle A. & Halldin S. (1997) Canopy transpiration from a boreal forest in Sweden during a dry year. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 86, 157167.
  • Cochard H. (1992) Vulnerability of several conifers to air-embolism. Tree Physiology 11, 7383.
  • Cornic G. & Massacci A. (1996) Leaf photosynthesis under drought stress. In Photosynthesis and the Environment (ed. N.R.Baker) pp. 347366. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
  • Downer J. (2004) What's up with the redwoods? Landscape Notes 18, 23.
  • Dwyer J.F., Nowak D.J., Noble M.H. & Sisinn S.M. (2000) Connecting people with ecosystems in the 21st century: an assessment of our nation's urban forests. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-490. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.
  • Edwards W.R.N., Jarvis P.G., Grace J. & Moncrieff J.B. (1994) Reversing cavitation in tracheids of Pinus sylvestris l under negative water potentials. Plant, Cell & Environment 17, 389397.
  • Evans L.S. & Miller P.R. (1972) Ozone damage to ponderosa pine – histological and histochemical appraisal. American Journal of Botany 59, 297304.
  • Ewers B.E., Gower S.T., Bond-Lamberty B. & Wang C.K. (2005) Effects of stand age and tree species on canopy transpiration and average stomatal conductance of boreal forests. Plant, Cell & Environment 28, 660678.
  • Farmer J. (2010) On emblematic megaflora. Environmental History 15, 533547.
  • Gates D.M. (1968) Transpiration and leaf temperature. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 19, 211238.
  • Granier A. (1987) Sap flow measurements in Douglas-fir tree trunks by means of a new thermal method. Annales des Sciences Forestieres 44, 114.
  • Granier A., Bobay V., Gash J.H.C., Gelpe J., Saugier B. & Shuttleworth W.J. (1990) Vapour flux density and transpiration rate comparisons in a stand of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) in Les Landes forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 51, 309319.
  • Hayhoe K., Cayan D., Field C.B., et al. (2004) Emissions pathways, climate change, and impacts on California. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101, 1242212427.
  • Hubbard R.M., Bond B.J. & Ryan M.G. (1999) Evidence that hydraulic conductance limits photosynthesis in old Pinus ponderosa trees. Tree Physiology 19, 165172.
  • Kelliher F.M., Lloyd J., Arneth A., et al. (1998) Evaporation from a central Siberian pine forest. Journal of Hydrology 205, 279296.
  • Koch G.W., Sillett S.C., Jennings G.M. & Davis S.D. (2004) The limits to tree height. Nature 428, 851854.
  • Kolb P.F. & Robberecht R. (1996) High temperature and drought stress effects on survival of Pinus ponderosa seedlings. Tree Physiology 16, 665672.
  • Kundzewicz Z.W., Mata L.J., Arnell N.W., Döll P., Kabat P., Jiménez B., Miller K.A., Oki T., Sen Z. & Shiklomanov I.A. (2007) Freshwater resources and their management. In Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (eds M.L.Parry, O.F.Canziani, J.P.Palutikof, P.J.van der Linden & C.E.Hanson) pp. 173210. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Lange O.L., Losch R., Schulze E.D. & Kappen L. (1971) Responses of stomata to changes in humidity. Planta 100, 7686.
  • Lefohn A.S. (1991) Surface-Level Ozone Exposures and Their Effects on Vegetation. Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, MI, USA.
  • Limm E.B., Simonin K.A., Bothman A.G. & Dawson T.E. (2009) Foliar water uptake: a common water acquisition strategy for plants of the redwood forest. Oecologia 161, 449459.
  • Lorimer C.G., Porter D.J., Madej M.A., Stuart J.D., Veirs S.D., Norman S.P., O'Hara K.L. & Libby W.J. (2009) Presettlement and modern disturbance regimes in coast redwood forests: implications for the conservation of old-growth stands. Forest Ecology and Management 258, 10381054.
  • Loustau D., Berbigier P., Roumagnac P., ArrudaPacheco C., David J.S., Ferreira M.I., Pereira J.S. & Tavares R. (1996) Transpiration of a 64-year-old maritime pine stand in Portugal. 1. Seasonal course of water flux through maritime pine. Oecologia 107, 3342.
  • Lundblad M. & Lindroth A. (2002) Stand transpiration and sapflow density in relation to weather, soil moisture and stand characteristics. Basic and Applied Ecology 3, 229243.
  • McCarthy H.R. & Pataki D.E. (2010) Drivers of variability in water use of native and non-native urban trees in the Greater Los Angeles area. Urban Ecosystems 13, 393414.
  • McDowell N., Pockman W.T., Allen C.D., et al. (2008) Mechanisms of plant survival and mortality during drought: why do some plants survive while others succumb to drought? New Phytologist 178, 719739.
  • Maherali H. & DeLucia E.H. (2000) Xylem conductivity and vulnerability to cavitation of ponderosa pine growing in contrasting climates. Tree Physiology 20, 859867.
  • Maherali H., Pockman W.T. & Jackson R.B. (2004) Adaptive variation in the vulnerability of woody plants to xylem cavitation. Ecology 85, 21842199.
  • Martin T.A., Hinckley T.M., Meinzer F.C. & Sprugel D.G. (1999) Boundary layer conductance, leaf temperature and transpiration of Abies amabilis branches. Tree Physiology 19, 435443.
  • Mencuccini M. & Grace J. (1996) Developmental patterns of above-ground hydraulic conductance in a Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) age sequence. Plant, Cell & Environment 19, 939948.
  • Miller P.R., Taylor O.C., Parmeter J.R. & Cardiff E.A. (1963) Ozone injury to foliage of pinus ponderosa. Phytopathology 53, 10721076.
  • Noss R.F. (2000) More than big trees. In The Redwood Forest: History, Ecology, and Conservation of the Coast Redwoods (ed. R.F.Noss) pp. 16. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  • Oberlander G.T. (1956) Summer fog precipitation on the San-Francisco peninsula. Ecology 37, 851852.
  • Oliveras I., Martinez-Vilalta J., Jimenez-Ortiz T., Lledo M.J., Escarre A. & Pinol J. (2003) Hydraulic properties of Pinus halepensis, Pinus pinea and Tetraclinis articulata in a dune ecosystem of Eastern Spain. Plant Ecology 169, 131141.
  • Pataki D.E., Oren R. & Smith W.K. (2000) Sap flux of co-occurring species in a Western subalpine forest during seasonal soil drought. Ecology 81, 25572566.
  • Pataki D.E., Bush S.E., Gardner P., Solomon D.K. & Ehleringer J.R. (2005) Ecohydrology in a Colorado River riparian forest: implications for the decline of Populus fremontii. Ecological Applications 15, 10091018.
  • Pataki D.E., McCarthy H.R., Litvak E. & Pincetl S. (2010) Transpiration of urban forests in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Ecological Applications (in press, doi:10.1890/09-1717.1).
  • Peer W.A., Briggs W.R. & Langenheim J.H. (1999) Shade-avoidance responses in two common coastal redwood forest species, Sequoia sempervirens (Taxodiaceae) and Satureja douglasii (Lamiaceae), occurring in various light quality environments. American Journal of Botany 86, 640645.
  • Pittermann J., Sperry J.S., Wheeler J.K., Hacke U.G. & Sikkema E.H. (2006) Mechanical reinforcement of tracheids compromises the hydraulic efficiency of conifer xylem. Plant, Cell & Environment 29, 16181628.
  • Ricketts T.H., Dinerstein E., Olson D.M., et al. (1999) A Conservation Assessment of the Terrestrial Ecoregions of North America, Vol. 1, The United States and Canada. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  • Ryan M.G. & Yoder B.J. (1997) Hydraulic limits to tree height and tree growth. Bioscience 47, 235242.
  • Sala A., Piper F. & Hoch G. (2010) Physiological mechanisms of drought-induced tree mortality are far from being resolved. New Phytologist 186, 274281.
  • Schenk H.J. & Espino S. (2010) Plant xylem as a membrane contractor: a physical mechanism for embolism repair under negative pressure. In: The Ecological Society of America, 95th Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA.
  • Schoonmaker A.L., Hacke U.G., Landhausser S.M., Lieffers V.J. & Tyree M.T. (2010) Hydraulic acclimation to shading in boreal conifers of varying shade tolerance. Plant, Cell & Environment 33, 382393.
  • Sellers P., Hall F., Margolis H., et al. (1995) The boreal ecosystem-atmosphere study (boreas) – an overview and early results from the 1994 field year. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 76, 15491577.
  • Simonin K.A., Santiago L.S. & Dawson T.E. (2009) Fog interception by Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) crowns decouples physiology from soil water deficit. Plant, Cell & Environment 32, 882892.
  • Sobrado M.A., Grace J. & Jarvis P.G. (1992) The limits to xylem embolism recovery in Pinus sylvestris L. Journal of Experimental Botany 43, 831836.
  • Sperry J.S. & Tyree M.T. (1990) Water-stress-induced xylem embolism in three species of conifers. Plant, Cell & Environment 13, 427436.
  • Sperry J.S., Donnelly J.R. & Tyree M.T. (1988) A method for measuring hydraulic conductivity and embolism in xylem. Plant, Cell & Environment 11, 3540.
  • Steinberg P. (1996) Simulations of the effects of shoot structure and orientation on vertical gradients in intercepted light by conifer canopies. Tree Physiology 16, 99108.
  • Stine S. (1994) Extreme and persistent drought in California and Patagonia during medieval time. Nature 369, 546549.
  • Stout D.L. & Sala A. (2003) Xylem vulnerability to cavitation in Pseudotsuga menziesii and Pinus ponderosa from contrasting habitats. Tree Physiology 23, 4350.
  • Takahashi S. & Murata N. (2008) How do environmental stresses accelerate photoinhibition? Trends in Plant Science 13, 178182.
  • Takemoto B.K., Bytnerowicz A. & Fenn M.E. (2001) Current and future effects of ozone and atmospheric nitrogen deposition on California's mixed conifer forests. Forest Ecology and Management 144, 159173.
  • Tang J.W., Bolstad P.V., Ewers B.E., Desai A.R., Davis K.J. & Carey E.V. (2006) Sap flux-upscaled canopy transpiration, stomatal conductance, and water use efficiency in an old growth forest in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 111, G02009, doi:10.1029/2005JG000083.
  • Tyree M.T. & Sperry J.S. (1989) Vulnerability of xylem to cavitation and embolism. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 40, 1938.
  • Wahid A., Gelani S., Ashraf M. & Foolad M.R. (2007) Heat tolerance in plants: an overview. Environmental and Experimental Botany 61, 199223.
  • Waring R.H. & Franklin J.F. (1979) Evergreen coniferous forests of the Pacific Northwest. Science 204, 13801386.
  • Westman W.E. & Whittaker R.H. (1975) Pygmy forest region of northern California – studies on biomass and primary productivity. Journal of Ecology 63, 493520.
  • Wu L. & Guo X. (2006) Response of two coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens Endl.) varieties to moderate levels of salt and boron spray measured by stress symptoms: implications for landscape irrigation using recycled water. Environmental and Experimental Botany 58, 130139.
  • Zimmermann R., Schulze E.D., Wirth C., Schulze E.E., McDonald K.C., Vygodskaya N.N. & Ziegler W. (2000) Canopy transpiration in a chronosequence of Central Siberian pine forests. Global Change Biology 6, 2537.
  • Zwieniecki M.A. & Holbrook N.M. (1998) Diurnal variation in xylem hydraulic conductivity in white ash (Fraxinus americana L.), red maple (Acer rubrum L.) and red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.). Plant, Cell & Environment 21, 11731180.