SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Aliscioni S.S., Giussani L.M., Zuloaga F.O. & Kellogg E.A. (2003) A molecular phylogeny of Panicum (Poaceae : Paniceae): tests of monophyly and phylogenetic placement within the Panicoideae. American Journal of Botany 90, 796821.
  • Bauwe H. (2011) Photorespiration: the bridge to C4 photosynthesis. In C4 Photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms (eds A.S. Raghavendra & R.F. Sage), pp. 81108. Springer, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.
  • Bauwe H., Keerbert O., Bassuner R., Parnik T. & Bassuner B. (1987) Reassimilation of carbon dioxide by Flaveria (Asteraceae) species representing different types of photosynthesis. Planta 172, 214218.
  • Brown R.H. & Hattersley P.W. (1989) Leaf anatomy of C3–C4 species as related to evolution of C4 photosynthesis. Plant Physiology 91, 15431550.
  • Brown R.H., Bouton J.H., Rigsby L. & Rigler M. (1983) Photosynthesis of grass species differing in carbon dioxide fixation pathways. VIII. Ultrastructural characteristics of Panicum species in the Laxa group. Plant Physiology 71, 425431.
  • von Caemmerer S. (1989) A model of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation and carbon-isotope discrimination in leaves of certain C3–C4 intermediates. Planta 178, 463474.
  • von Caemmerer S. (1992) Carbon isotope discrimination in C3–C4 intermediates. Plant, Cell & Environment 15, 10631072.
  • Carolin R.C., Jacobs S.W.L. & Vesk M. (1975) Leaf structure in Chenopodiaceae. Botanische Jahrbucher Systematik und Pflanzengeographie 95, 226255.
  • Correll D.S. & Johnston M.C. (1996) Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas. University of Texas Press, Dallas, TX, USA.
  • Craven L.A. (1996) A taxonomic revision of Heliotropium (Boraginaceae) in Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 9, 521657.
  • Dengler N.G. & Nelson T. (1999) Leaf structure and development in C4 plants. In C4 Plant Biology (eds R.F. Sage & R.K. Monson), pp. 133172. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA.
  • Dengler N.G., Dengler R.E., Donnelly P.M. & Filosa M.F. (1995) Expression of the C4 pattern of photosynthetic enzyme accumulation during leaf development in the C4 dicot, Atriplex rosea. American Journal of Botany 82, 318328.
  • Diane N., Förther H. & Hilger H.H. (2002) A systematic analysis of Heliotropium, Tournefortia, and allied taxa of the Heliotropiaceae (Boraginales) based on ITS1 sequences and morphological data. American Journal of Botany 89, 287295.
  • Diane N., Jacob C. & Hilger H.H. (2003) Leaf anatomy and foliar trichomes in Heliotropiaceae and their systematic relevance. Flora 198, 468465.
  • Edwards G.E. & Ku M.S.B. (1987) Biochemistry of C3–C4 intermediates. In Biochemistry of Plants: Photosynthesis (eds M.D. Hatch & N.K. Boardman), vol. 14, pp. 275325. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA.
  • Edwards G.E. & Voznesenskaya E.V. (2011) C4 photosynthesis: Kranz forms and single-cell C4 in terrestrial plants. In C4 Photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms (eds A.S. Raghavendra & R.F. Sage), pp. 2961. Springer, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.
  • Edwards G.E., Franceschi V.R., Ku M.S.B., Voznesenskaya E.V., Pyankov V.I. & Andreo C.S. (2001) Compartmentation of photosynthesis in cells and tissues of C4 plants. Journal of Experimental Botany 52, 577590.
  • Engelmann S., Wiludda C., Burscheidt J., Gowik U., Schlue U., Koczor M., Streubel M., Cossu R., Bauwe H. & Westhoff P. (2009) The gene for the P-subunit of glycine decarboxylase from the C4 species Flaveria trinervia: analysis of transcriptional control in transgenic Flaveria bidentis (C4) and Arabidopsis (C3). Plant Physiology 146, 17731785.
  • Förther H. (1998) Die infragenerische Gliederung der Gattung Heliotropium L. und ihre Stellung innerhalb der Subfam. Heliotropioideae (Schrad.) Arn. (Boraginaceae). Sendtnera 5, 35241.
  • Frohlich M.W. (1978) Systematics of Heliotropium section Orthostachys in Mexico. PhD thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
  • Gleason H.A. & Cronquist A. (1991) Manual of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada 2nd edn, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY, USA.
  • Hatch M.D. & Kagawa T. (1974) Activity, localization and role of NAD–malic enzyme in leaves with the C4 pathway of photosynthesis. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 1, 357369.
  • Hatch M.D., Tsuzuki M. & Edwards G.E. (1982) Determination of NAD malic enzyme in leaves of C4 plants: effects of malate dehydrogenase and other factors. Plant Physiology 69, 483491.
  • Hilger H.H. & Diane N. (2003) A systematic analysis of Heliotropiaceae (Boraginales) based on trnL and ITS1 sequence data. Botanische Jahrbücher 125, 1951.
  • Hunt S., Smith A.M. & Woolhouse H.W. (1987) Evidence for a light-dependent system for reassimilation of photorespiratory CO2, which does not include a C4 cycle, in the C3–C4 intermediate species Moricandia arvensis. Planta 171, 227234.
  • Hylton C.M., Rawsthorne S., Smith A.M., Jones D.A. & Woolhouse H.W. (1988) Glycine decarboxylase is confined to the bundle sheath cells of leaves of C3–C4 intermediate species. Planta 175, 452459.
  • Johnston I.M. (1928) Studies in Boraginaceae. VII. 1. The South American species of Heliotropium. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium 81, 383.
  • Ku M.S.B., Wu J., Dai Z., Scott R.A., Chu C. & Edwards G.E. (1991) Photosynthetic and photorespiratory characteristics of Flaveria species. Plant Physiology 96, 518528.
  • McKown A.D. & Dengler N.G. (2007) Key innovations in the evolution of Kranz anatomy and C4 vein pattern in Flaveria (Asteraceae). American Journal of Botany 94, 382399.
  • McKown A.D., Moncalvo J.M. & Dengler N.G. (2005) Phylogeny of Flaveria (Asteraceae) and inference of C4 photosynthesis evolution. American Journal of Botany 92, 19111928.
  • Marshall D.M., Muhaidat R., Brown N.J., Liu Z., Griffiths H., Sage R.F. & Hibberd J.M. (2007) Cleome, a genus closely related to Arabidopsis, contains species spanning a developmental progression from C3 to C4 photosynthesis. The Plant Journal 51, 886896.
  • Melo J.I.M. & Semir J. (2009) Two new Brazilian species and new combinations in Euploca (Heliotropiaceae). Kew Bulletin 64, 15.
  • Monson R.K. & Moore B.D. (1989) On the significance of C3–C4 intermediate photosynthesis to the evolution of C4 photosynthesis. Plant, Cell & Environment 12, 689699.
  • Monson R.K. & Rawsthorne S. (2000) Carbon dioxide assimilation in C3–C4 intermediate plants. In Photosynthesis: Physiology and Metabolism. Advances in Photosynthesis (eds R.C. Leegood, T.D. Sharkey & S. von Caemmerer), pp. 533550. Kluwer, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.
  • Monson R.K., Edwards G.E. & Ku M.S.B. (1984) C3–C4 intermediate photosynthesis in plants. Bioscience 34, 563571.
  • Morgan J.A., Brown R.H. & Reger B.J. (1980) Photosynthesis in grass species differing in carbon dioxide fixation pathways. III. Oxygen response and enzyme activities in the Laxa group of Panicum. Plant Physiology 65, 156159.
  • Muhaidat R., Sage R.F. & Dengler N.G. (2007) Diversity of Kranz anatomy and biochemistry in C4 eudicots. American Journal of Botany 94, 362381.
  • Rawsthorne S. (1992) C3–C4 intermediate photosynthesis: linking physiology to gene expression. The Plant Journal 2, 267274.
  • Rawsthorne S., Hylton C.M., Smith A.M. & Woolhouse H.W. (1988) Photorespiratory metabolism and immunogold localization of photorespiratory enzymes in leaves of C3 and C3–C4 intermediate species of Moricandia. Planta 173, 298308.
  • Sage R.F. (2004) The evolution of C4 photosynthesis. New Phytologist 161, 341370.
  • Sage R.F., Li M. & Monson R.K. (1999) The taxonomic distribution of C4 photosynthesis. In C4 Plant Biology (eds R.F. Sage & R.K. Monson), pp. 551584. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA.
  • Sage R.F., Christin P.-A. & Edwards E.J. (2011a) The C4 lineages of planet Earth. Journal of Experimental Botany 62, 31553169.
  • Sage T.L., Sage R.F., Vogan P.J., Rahman B., Johnson D.C., Oakley J.C. & Heckel M.A. (2011b) The occurrence of C2 photosynthesis in Euphorbia subgenus Chamaecyse (Euphorbiaceae). Journal of Experimental Botany 62, 31833195.
  • Sage T.L. & Williams E.G. (1995) Structure, ultrastructure, and histochemistry of the pollen-tube pathway in the milkweed Asclepias exaltata L. Sexual Plant Reproduction 8, 257265.
  • Sudderth E.A., Muhaidat R.M., McKown A.D., Kocacinar F. & Sage R.F. (2007) Leaf anatomy, gas exchange and photosynthetic enzyme activity in Flaveria kochiana. Functional Plant Biology 34, 118129.
  • Tropicos.org (2011) Missouri Botanical Garden. http://www.tropicos.org. 17 Mar 2011.
  • Ueno O. (1992) Immunogold localization of photosynthetic enzymes in leaves of Aristida latifolia, a unique C4 grass with a double chlorenchymatous bundle sheath. Physiologia Plantarum 85, 189196.
  • Ueno O., Bang S.W., Wada Y., Kondo A., Ishihara K., Kaneko Y. & Matsuzawa Y. (2003) Structural and biochemical dissection of photorespiration in hybrids differing in genome constitution between Diplotaxus tenuifolia (C3–C4) and radish (C3). Plant Physiology 132, 15501559.
  • Ueno O., Yoshimura Y. & Sentoku N. (2005) Variation in the activity of some enzymes of photorespiratory metabolism in C4 grasses. Annals of Botany 96, 863869.
  • Vogan P.J. (2010) The physiological ecology of C3–C4 eudicots in warm environments. PhD thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto Canada.
  • Vogan P.J., Frohlich M.W. & Sage R.F. (2007) The functional significance of C3–C4 intermediate traits in Heliotropium L. (Boraginaceae): gas exchange perspectives. Plant, Cell & Environment 30, 13371345.
  • Voznesenskaya E.V., Koteyeva N.K., Chuong S.D.X., Ivanova A.N., Barroca J., Craven L.A. & Edwards G.E. (2007) Physiological, anatomical and biochemical characterisation of photosynthetic types in genus Cleome (Cleomaceae). Functional Plant Biology 34, 247267.
  • Walker R.P., Chen Z.H., Acheson R.M. & Leegood R.C. (2002) Effects of phosphorylation on phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase from the C4 plant, guinea grass. Plant Physiology 128, 165172.
  • Wintermans J.F.G. & De Mots A. (1965) Spectrophotometric characteristics of chlorophylls and their pheophytins in ethanol. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 109, 448453.
  • Yoshimura Y., Kubota F. & Ueno O. (2004) Structural and biochemical bases of photorespiration in C4 plants: quantification of organelles and glycine decarboxylase. Planta 220, 307317.