• Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. nicotianae;
  • gene-stacking;
  • marker-free;
  • MAT vector;
  • Nicotiana tabacum;
  • retransformation

Marker-free transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) lines containing a chitinase (ChiC) gene isolated from Streptomyces griseus strain HUT 6037 were produced by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. One marker-free transgenic line, TC-1, was retransformed with the wasabi defensin (WD) gene, isolated from Wasabia japonica. Of the retransformed shoots, 37% co-expressed the ChiC/WD genes, as confirmed by western and northern analyses. Southern blot analysis showed that no chromosomal rearrangement was introduced between the first and the second transformation. Transgenic lines either expressing ChiC or WD, or co-expressing both genes were challenged with Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. nicotianae (Fon). Assessment of in vitro plant survival in the presence of Fon showed that transgenic lines co-expressing both genes had significantly enhanced protection against the fungus (infection indices 0·0–1.·2) compared with corresponding isogenic lines expressing either of the genes (infection indices 2·5–9·8). Whole-plant infection indices in transgenic lines were significantly related (r = 0·93, < 0·01) to the extent of root colonization of the host, which ranged from 2·1% to 11·3% in lines co-expressing both genes, and from 16·8% to 37·7% in lines expressing just one of the genes (compared with 86·4% in non-transformed controls). Leaf extracts of transgenic lines also inhibited mycelial growth of Fon in vitro and caused hyphal abnormalities.