Grapevine trunk diseases: complex and still poorly understood

Authors

  • C. Bertsch,

    1. Laboratoire Vigne Biotechnologie et Environnement EA 3391, Université de Haute-Alsace, UFR Pluridisciplinaire Enseignement Professionnalisant Supérieur, 33, rue de Herrlisheim, 68000 Colmar
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  • M. Ramírez-Suero,

    1. Laboratoire Vigne Biotechnologie et Environnement EA 3391, Université de Haute-Alsace, UFR Pluridisciplinaire Enseignement Professionnalisant Supérieur, 33, rue de Herrlisheim, 68000 Colmar
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  • M. Magnin-Robert,

    1. Laboratoire de Stress, Défenses et Reproduction de Plantes URVVC EA 4707, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, UFR Sciences Moulin de la Housse, BP 1039, 51687 Reims Cedex 2
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  • P. Larignon,

    1. Institut Français de la Vigne et du Vin Pôle Rhône- Méditerranée, Domaine de Donadille, 30230 Rodilhan, France
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  • J. Chong,

    1. Laboratoire Vigne Biotechnologie et Environnement EA 3391, Université de Haute-Alsace, UFR Pluridisciplinaire Enseignement Professionnalisant Supérieur, 33, rue de Herrlisheim, 68000 Colmar
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  • E. Abou-Mansour,

    1. Plant Biology Department, University of Fribourg, 3 rue Albert Gockel, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
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  • A. Spagnolo,

    1. Laboratoire de Stress, Défenses et Reproduction de Plantes URVVC EA 4707, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, UFR Sciences Moulin de la Housse, BP 1039, 51687 Reims Cedex 2
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  • C. Clément,

    1. Laboratoire de Stress, Défenses et Reproduction de Plantes URVVC EA 4707, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, UFR Sciences Moulin de la Housse, BP 1039, 51687 Reims Cedex 2
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  • F. Fontaine

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratoire de Stress, Défenses et Reproduction de Plantes URVVC EA 4707, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, UFR Sciences Moulin de la Housse, BP 1039, 51687 Reims Cedex 2
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E-mail: florence.fontaine@univ-reims.fr

Abstract

This review presents an overview of eutypa dieback, esca and botryosphaeria dieback, the predominant grapevine trunk diseases worldwide. It covers their symptomatologies in the trunk, leaves and berries; the characteristics of the different fungal species associated with them; and host–pathogen interactions. Here, the host–pathogen relationship is defined at the cytological, physiological and molecular levels. Currently available experimental tools for studying these diseases, both in vitro and in the field, are discussed. Finally, a progress report on their control, which, since the ban of sodium arsenite, comprises chemical, biological and/or sanitation methods, is presented.

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