Somaclonal selection in potato for resistance to common scab provides concurrent resistance to powdery scab

Authors

  • R. S. Tegg,

    1. New Town Research Laboratories, Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tas., Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • T. Thangavel,

    1. New Town Research Laboratories, Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tas., Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • H. Aminian,

    1. New Town Research Laboratories, Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tas., Australia
    2. Department of Plant Protection, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
    Search for more papers by this author
  • C. R. Wilson

    Corresponding author
    • New Town Research Laboratories, Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tas., Australia
    Search for more papers by this author

E-mail: Calum.Wilson@utas.edu.au

Abstract

Variant somaclones of potato cultivar Russet Burbank, selected for resistance to common scab using in vitro cell selection techniques, were tested for resistance to powdery scab, another important disease of potato caused by Spongospora subterranea. This pathogen also invades roots, producing root galls. Most variants consistently showed increased resistance to powdery scab, both in field and glasshouse challenge, when compared to the parental cultivar, several significantly so. On average, the best variant reduced powdery scab incidence by 51% and severity (tuber surface coverage) by 64%. In contrast, no improvement in the extent of root infection and root galling was seen. These results suggest host interactions during root and tuber infection are distinct. Correlation analyses of disease indices amongst the selected variants showed no association between Sp. subterranea root infection and gall scores, nor between root infection and tuber disease severity. However, a weak positive association was found between root gall score and tuber disease, and a strong correlation between tuber disease incidence and severity scores. Interestingly, positive correlations were also found between the extent of powdery and common scab resistance expressed and both incidence and severity of these diseases within the variants, suggesting a common defence mechanism. The role of thaxtomin A in selecting for concurrent resistance to both diseases is discussed.

Ancillary