The terminal complement complex (TCC), consisting of C5b, C6, C7, C8, and C9, contains neoantigens that are absent from the individual native components. Neoantigens are present both in the membrane-bound (MAC) and the fluid-phase (SC5b-9) complex. The present study describes production of monoclonal antibodies against neoantigens of both forms of the TCC. A convenient screening and detection system, based mainly on enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, crossed immunoelectrophoresis with autoradiography, and affinity chromatography with subsequent sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis including immunoblotting, is described in detail. Two monoclonal antibodies were specific for a neoantigen located in the poly(C9) moiety of the TCC. One of these antibodies, MCaE11, was used for immunohistochemical detection of MAC in tissue and for quantification of the fluid-phase TCC in ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid plasma.