Present address: University of Georgia, Marine Institute, and Department of Geology, Sapelo Island and Athens, Ga., U.S.A.
AIR AND SAND MOVEMENTS TO THE LEE OF DUNES1
Article first published online: 14 JUN 2006
Volume 7, Issue 2, pages 137–143, September 1966
How to Cite
HOYT, J. H. (1966), AIR AND SAND MOVEMENTS TO THE LEE OF DUNES. Sedimentology, 7: 137–143. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3091.1966.tb01584.x
Ocean Science and Engineering Contribution in Geology No.1. Contribution No. 115 from the Marine Institute of the University of Georgia.
- Issue published online: 14 JUN 2006
- Article first published online: 14 JUN 2006
- (Received July 1, 1965)
The large and extensive transverse and barchane dunes of coastal South West Africa are strongly oriented under the influence of predominantly southerly winds. During periods of strong winds (40–50 miles/h) deposition occurs on the lee slope in three ways: (1) sand is blown over the crest of the dune and falls on the lee slope; (2) rapid deposition near the dune crest results in periodic slumps and slides down the lee slope; (3) eddy currents developed to the lee of the dune pick up sand from the surface downwind from the dune and transport it to the lee slope.
The size and strength of the lee eddy is surprising. With winds in the 40–50 miles/h range frequent gusts lift fine sand from the downwind surface to a height of several feet. Less frequently sand is picked up from a low position on the lee slope and redeposited higher on the slope. The addition of material to the lee slope by the eddy is much less volumetrically than the contribution directly over the dune crest from the windward direction; however, with strong winds the removal and transportation of sand from the area downwind of the lee slope back to the lee slope appears to be important in the deflation of this surface. The width of the area influenced by the lee eddy during strong winds is about equal to the height of the dune.
Observations in low dunes from 1 to 20 ft. high at Sapelo Island, Ga., U.S.A., confirm the presence of a well developed eddy to the lee of these dunes during strong and moderate winds (20–50 miles/h).