Contribution No.131 from the Marine Institute of the University of Georgia, Sapelo Island, Ga. (U.S.A.).
OCCURRENCE OF HIGH-ANGLE STRATIFICATION IN LITTORAL AND SHALLOW NERITIC ENVIRONMENTS, CENTRAL GEORGIA COAST, U.S.A.1
Version of Record online: 14 JUN 2006
Volume 8, Issue 3, pages 229–238, May 1967
How to Cite
HOYT, J. H. (1967), OCCURRENCE OF HIGH-ANGLE STRATIFICATION IN LITTORAL AND SHALLOW NERITIC ENVIRONMENTS, CENTRAL GEORGIA COAST, U.S.A.. Sedimentology, 8: 229–238. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3091.1967.tb01322.x
- Issue online: 14 JUN 2006
- Version of Record online: 14 JUN 2006
- (Received May 9, 1966)
High-angle stratification (greater than 20°) is produced in several areas of shallow marine sedimentation along the barrier islands of the central Georgia coast. The maximum angle of inclination is 30° which is the angle of repose for the saturated, fine-grained, angular sand of this area. High-angle stratification forms in the following locations:
(1) The depositional margin of tidal channel inlets. Under some wave and current conditions, sand accumulates near low tide level and steepens the depositional interface to the angle of repose.
(2) The steep face of asymmetrical megaripples developed by tidal currents. Ripples with amplitudes as much as 3 ft. and wave lengths of 20–40 ft. commonly develop in channel inlets and other areas of sand sediments.
(3) The steep face of sand waves formed in channel inlets. These large asymmetrical ripples have amplitudes as great as 12 ft. and wave lengths of ca. 300 ft. Lengths along the crests are over 600 ft.
(4) The landward side of low bars developed on the beach. Bars and troughs (ridges and runnels) are common on the beaches of this area. The bars, which are as much as 5 ft. high, shift landward by deposition on the steep landward face.
(5) The oceanward side of large sand waves at the mouth of offshore tidal channels. Large sand waves are located 6 miles offshore from Doboy Sound inlet in 20–25 ft. of water. The steep face of these asymmetrical sand waves is orientated toward the ocean. Amplitude of these large ripples is as much as 17 ft. and length along the crests is over 1/2 mile.