A comparison is made between the void ratio and pressure relationships resulting from a laboratory consolidation test and a sedimentation-compression computation on a short core of calcareous mud or ooze of low plasticity. Geo-technical measurements of grain size, bulk density, Atterberg limits, water content, vane shear strength, pore-water salinity, and carbonate content are graphically related to depth in the core. Results of the laboratory consolidation test on this material differ markedly from the in-place relationship between void ratio, or water content, and the effective overburden pressure, or burial depth, shown by the sedimentation-compression curve. The previous maximum consolidation pressure, based on laboratory consolidation test data, is about 60 times greater than the computed in-place effective overburden pressure. An explanation for this difference would include the different magnitudes of time available for consolidation, cementation occurring in-place, and orientation of the constituents. It is suggested that results of the consolidation test on carbonate muds or oozes should be interpreted with caution for geological and engineering purposes.