Diagenetic development of a Precambrian limestone as interpreted from a modern analogue
Article first published online: 14 JUN 2006
Volume 20, Issue 4, pages 529–537, November 1973
How to Cite
MÜLLER, G., SCHÖLL, W. U. and TIETZ, G. (1973), Diagenetic development of a Precambrian limestone as interpreted from a modern analogue. Sedimentology, 20: 529–537. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3091.1973.tb01630.x
- Issue published online: 14 JUN 2006
- Article first published online: 14 JUN 2006
- Revised manuscript received 23 May 1973
A strong correlation in the geometry and mineralogy of two cement generations of a Quaternary with a Precambrian calcarenite enables us to reconstruct the diagenetic history of the Precambrian limestone. Both calcarenites contain two cement generations (A and B) of which A consists of dolomite, B of calcite.
The following diagenetic stages can be recognized: after deposition of the allochems in a shallow marine environment, cementation in the intertidal zone with magnesian calcite (cement A) led to the formation of beachrock (Stage 1).
By lowering of the sea level, the beach rock was shifted into the supratidal zone, but still remained under the predominant influence of the sea water (breakers, spray). During longer periods of aridity, the magnesian calcite of cement A and of the allochems was transformed into dolomite by brines derived from sea water with very high Mg/Ca ratio (> 15), whereas aragonite and calcite remained unaffected.
After further lowering of the sea, an increasing influence of meteoric water caused the wet transformation of aragonitic allochems to sparry calcite and to the precipitation of sparry calcitic cement B.