Terminal settling velocity of commonly occurring sand grains



Published measurements of terminal settling velocity for commonly occurring sands are used to develop three equations which join into a single segmented curve of dimensionless form. Results are noticeably different from those for spheres of similar diameter, and permit calculation of the settling velocity for usual sand grains without specification of exact grain shape. For quartz in water, the three equations of different settling regimes correspond approximately to: very fine sand; fine to coarse sand; and very coarse sand.