Platform and off-platform carbonates of the Upper Cambrian of western Maryland, U.S.A.
Article first published online: 14 JUN 2006
Volume 32, Issue 1, pages 1–22, February 1985
How to Cite
DEMICCO, R. V. (1985), Platform and off-platform carbonates of the Upper Cambrian of western Maryland, U.S.A. Sedimentology, 32: 1–22. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3091.1985.tb00489.x
- Issue published online: 14 JUN 2006
- Article first published online: 14 JUN 2006
- received 6 February 1984 revision 25 May 1984
Upper Cambrian carbonates in western Maryland are comprised of platform facies (Conococheague Limestone) west of South Mountain and basin facies (Frederick Limestone) east of South Mountain. Conocheague platform carbonates contain interbedded non-cyclic and cyclic facies. Non-cyclic facies consist of cross-stratified grainstones, thrombolitic bioherms, and graded, thin-bedded dolostones. These were deposited in shallow, subtidal shelf lagoons. Cyclic facies are composed of repeated sequences of cross-stratified grainstone; ribbon-rock; wavy, prism-cracked laminite; and planar laminated dolostone. The cyclic facies are shallowing-upward cycles produced by lateral progradation of tidal flats over shallow, nearshore subtidal environments. Cyclic and non-cyclic facies are interbedded in the Conococheague in a layer cake fashion, but no higher-order cyclicity can be found.
The Frederick Limestone is dominated by monotonously thick sequences of graded, thin-bedded limestones, interbedded with massive peloidal grainstones and beds of breccia up to 10 m thick in the lower Frederick. The breccias contain transported megaclasts of Epiphyton-Girvanella boundstones. The basal Frederick was deposited in a slope-to-basinal setting east of a rimmed shelf. An Epiphyton-Girvanella marginal reef along the shelf edge was the source of the blocks in the breccias. The upper Frederick Limestone formed on a carbonate ramp.