POT1-independent single-strand telomeric DNA binding activities in Brassicaceae
Article first published online: 30 MAR 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
The Plant Journal
Volume 58, Issue 6, pages 1004–1015, June 2009
How to Cite
Shakirov, E. V., McKnight, T. D. and Shippen, D. E. (2009), POT1-independent single-strand telomeric DNA binding activities in Brassicaceae. The Plant Journal, 58: 1004–1015. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-313X.2009.03837.x
- Issue published online: 10 JUN 2009
- Article first published online: 30 MAR 2009
- Received 19 December 2008; revised 29 January 2009; accepted 6 February 2009; published online 30 March 2009.
- Protection of telomeres 1 (POT1);
Telomeres define the ends of linear eukaryotic chromosomes and are required for genome maintenance and continued cell proliferation. The extreme ends of telomeres terminate in a single-strand protrusion, termed the G-overhang, which, in vertebrates and fission yeast, is bound by evolutionarily conserved members of the POT1 (protection of telomeres) protein family. Unlike most other model organisms, the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana encodes two divergent POT1-like proteins. Here we show that the single-strand telomeric DNA binding activity present in A. thaliana nuclear extracts is not dependent on POT1a or POT1b proteins. Furthermore, in contrast to POT1 proteins from yeast and vertebrates, recombinant POT1a and POT1b proteins from A. thaliana, and from two additional Brassicaceae species, Arabidopsis lyrata and Brassica oleracea (cauliflower), fail to bind single-strand telomeric DNA in vitro under the conditions tested. Finally, although we detected four single-strand telomeric DNA binding activities in nuclear extracts from B. oleracea, partial purification and DNA cross-linking analysis of these complexes identified proteins that are smaller than the predicted sizes of BoPOT1a or BoPOT1b. Taken together, these data suggest that POT1 proteins are not the major single-strand telomeric DNA binding activities in A. thaliana and its close relatives, underscoring the remarkable functional divergence of POT1 proteins from plants and other eukaryotes.