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Keywords:

  • acyl-CoA-binding protein;
  • cadmium;
  • hydrogen peroxide;
  • lysophospholipase;
  • oxidative stress;
  • zinc

Summary

Lysophospholipids are intermediates of phospholipid metabolism resulting from stress and lysophospholipases detoxify lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC). Many lysophospholipases have been characterized in mammals and bacteria, but few have been reported from plants. Arabidopsis thaliana lysophospholipase 2 (lysoPL2) (At1g52760) was identified as a protein interactor of acyl-CoA-binding protein 2 (ACBP2) in yeast two-hybrid analysis and co-immunoprecipitation assays. BLASTP analysis indicated that lysoPL2 showed ∼35% amino acid identity to the lysoPL1 family. Co-localization of autofluorescence-tagged lysoPL2 and ACBP2 by confocal microscopy in agroinfiltrated tobacco suggests the plasma membrane as a site for their subcellular interaction. LysoPL2 mRNA was induced by zinc (Zn) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and lysoPL2 knockout mutants showed enhanced sensitivity to Zn and H2O2 in comparison to wild type. LysoPL2-overexpressing Arabidopsis was more tolerant to H2O2 and cadmium (Cd) than wild type, suggesting involvement of lysoPL2 in phospholipid repair following lipid peroxidation arising from metal-induced stress. Lipid hydroperoxide (LOOH) contents in ACBP2-overexpressors and lysoPL2-overexpressors after Cd-treatment were lower than wild type, indicating that ACBP2 and lysoPL2 confer protection during oxidative stress. A role for lysoPL2 in lysoPC detoxification was demonstrated when recombinant lysoPL2 was observed to degrade lysoPC in vitro. Filter-binding assays and Lipidex competition assays showed that (His)6-ACBP2 binds lysoPC in vitro. Binding was disrupted in a (His)6-ACBP2 derivative lacking the acyl-CoA-binding domain, confirming that this domain confers lysoPC binding. These results suggest that ACBP2 can bind both lysoPC and lysoPL2 to promote the degradation of lysoPC in response to Cd-induced oxidative stress.