• keywords;
  • bednets;
  • A. gambiae;
  • A. funestus;
  • P. falciparum;
  • Burundi


Within the framework of the National Malaria Control Programme Burundi, impregnated bednets were promoted through health care facilities, schools and local administration in Nyanza Lac district. The decision to buy a bednet was left to the inhabitants and, as a result, coverage rates between 6 and 65% were observed at sub-district level. Three intervention regions were specified based on the intervention start date. From November 1992 until March 1995, bi-monthly parasitological and entomological surveys were carried out in two areas each of Region 1 and Region 2. After introduction of impregnated bednets in Region 1 the proportions of children under 5 with high parasitaemia were reduced by 42 and 53% in the 2 parasitological survey areas, where the average bednet coverages were 55 and 44% respectively. In the survey areas of Region 2 (control) no significant change occurred during the same period. During the second part of the intervention from September 1994, when intervention was also operational in Region 2, significant decreases in the proportion of high parasitaemia (63 and 42%) among children under 5 years were obtained in both parasitological survey areas of Region 2 (average coverages of 51 and 29%). The positive output of the intervention was maintained and even reinforced in the survey areas of Region 1. Bednets as a tool for malaria control entail specific problems such as coverage, daily use, reimpregnation, and renewal of old and torn nets. Further evaluation has to point out the possible shift of the clinical spectrum and the age-specific admission of malaria cases to assess the long-term benefit of this control method.