The prevalence, intensities and risk factors associated with geohelminth infection in tea-growing communities of Assam, India
Article first published online: 8 JUN 2004
Tropical Medicine & International Health
Volume 9, Issue 6, pages 688–701, June 2004
How to Cite
Traub, R. J., Robertson, I. D., Irwin, P., Mencke, N. and Andrew Thompson, R. C. (2004), The prevalence, intensities and risk factors associated with geohelminth infection in tea-growing communities of Assam, India. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 9: 688–701. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2004.01252.x
- Issue published online: 8 JUN 2004
- Article first published online: 8 JUN 2004
Objective To determine the prevalence, intensity and associated risk factors for infection with Ascaris, hookworms and Trichuris in three tea-growing communities in Assam, India.
Methods Single faecal samples were collected from 328 individuals and subjected to centrifugal floatation and the Kato Katz quantitation technique and prevalence and intensities of infection with each parasite calculated. Associations between parasite prevalence, intensity and host and environmental factors were then made using both univariate and multivariate analysis.
Results The overall prevalence of Ascaris was 38% [95% confidence interval (CI): 33, 43], and the individual prevalence of hookworm and Trichuris was 43% (95% CI: 38, 49). The strongest predictors for the intensity of one or more geohelminths using multiple regression (P ≤ 0.10) were socioeconomic status, age, household crowding, level of education, religion, use of footwear when outdoors, defecation practices, pig ownership and water source.
Conclusion A universal blanket treatment with broad-spectrum anthelmintics together with promotion of scholastic and health education and improvements in sanitation is recommended for helminth control in the communities under study.