Point-of-use water treatment and diarrhoea reduction in the emergency context: an effectiveness trial in Liberia
Article first published online: 21 SEP 2006
Tropical Medicine & International Health
Volume 11, Issue 10, pages 1542–1552, October 2006
How to Cite
Doocy, S. and Burnham, G. (2006), Point-of-use water treatment and diarrhoea reduction in the emergency context: an effectiveness trial in Liberia. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 11: 1542–1552. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01704.x
- Issue published online: 21 SEP 2006
- Article first published online: 21 SEP 2006
- 1989) Reporting errors in one-week diarrhoea recall surveys: experience from a prospective study in rural Bangladesh. International Journal of Epidemiology 18, 697–700. , & (
- 1984) Intervention studies and the definition of dominant transmission routes. American Journal of Epidemiology 120, 449–455. (
- Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (2003) Cholera epidemic after increased civil conflict – Monrovia, Liberia, June–September 2003. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 52, 1093–1095.
- 2004) Household water management: refining the dominant paradigm. Tropical Medicine and International Health 9, 187–191. & (
- 2004) Communicable diseases in complex emergencies: impact and challenges. Lancet 364, 1974–1983. , , , , & (
- 2004) Effect of point-of-use disinfection, flocculation and combined flocculation-disinfection on drinking water quality in western Kenya. Journal of Applied Microbiology 97, 225–231. , , , , & (
- Goma Epidemiology Group (1995) Public health impact of the Rwandan refugee crisis: what happened in Goma, Zaire, in July 1994? Lancet 345, 339–344.
- Humanitarian Information Centre (HIC) (2003) Estimate of IDPs in the Monrovia area as of July 2003. http://www.humanitarianinfo.org/liberia .
- 1995) Toxicological principles do not support the banning of chlorine. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 42, 1–2. (
- 1998) Control of infectious diseases in refugee and displaced populations in developing countries. Bulletin de l'Institu Pasteur 96, 3–14. & (
- 1999) Diarrhoea prevention in Bolivia through point-of-use water treatment and safe storage: a promising new strategy. Epidemiology and Infection 122, 83–90. , , et al. (
- 1999) Influence of recall period on estimates of diarrhoea morbidity in infants in rural Tamilnadu. Indian Journal of Public Health 43, 136–139. , , & (
- 2003) A novel technology to improve drinking water quality: a microbiological evaluation of in-home flocculation and chlorination in rural Guatemala. Journal of Water and Health 1, 15–22. , , , & (
- 2003) A randomized controlled trial of household based flocculant–disinfectant drinking water for diarrhea prevention in rural Guatemala. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 69, 411–419. , , et al. (
- 2001) Keeping clean water clean in a Malawi refugee camp: a randomized intervention trial. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 79, 280–287. , , , , & (
- 1998) Water distribution system and diarrheal disease transmission: a case study in Uzbekistan. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 59, 941–946. , , , & (
- 2003) Chlorination and safe storage of household drinking water in developing countries to reduce waterborne disease. Water Science and Technology 47, 221–228. , & (
- 2003) Evaluation of a new water treatment for point-of-use household applications to remove microorganisms and arsenic from drinking water. Journal of Water and Health 1, 73–84. , , et al. (
- The Centers for Disease Control (2000) Safe Water System Handbook. The CDC, Atlanta.
- The Sphere Project (2004) Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response. The Sphere Project, Geneva, p. 67.
- The World Health Organization (2005) WHO-CHOICE analysis, unsafe water supply sanitation, and lack of hygiene related risk (WHO AFR D Region). http://www3.who.int/whosis/cea/cea_data.cfm?path=evidence,cea,cea_results&language=english (accessed 20 July 2005).
- United Nations Development Program (UNDP) (2004). Human Development Report. United Nations Development Program, New York.
- 2002) Health Assessment in Internally Displaced Camps in Liberia, July 2001–August 2002. International Rescue Committee Health Unit, Monrovia, Liberia. (
- 2003) Household drinking water in developing countries: a systematic review of microbiological contamination between source and point-of-use. Tropical Medicine and International Health 9, 106–107. , & (