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COPD

  1. Top of page
  2. COPD
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Filariasis
  5. Water Purification
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Leishmaniasis
  8. Leptospirosis
  9. Health Policy
  10. Chikungunya Fever
  11. Trials in Maternal Health
  12. Malaria

Current estimates of COPD burden in Africa are based on an unreliably small dataset. Acquisition of further data will require substantial investment in lung function equipment and training. 840–848

HIV/AIDS

  1. Top of page
  2. COPD
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Filariasis
  5. Water Purification
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Leishmaniasis
  8. Leptospirosis
  9. Health Policy
  10. Chikungunya Fever
  11. Trials in Maternal Health
  12. Malaria

Home-based HIV testing is feasible and has the potential to expand access to testing services. There is a strong economic case for the extension of such programs to other communities. 849–855

Misclassification of virological ART failure occurred frequently using WHO-criteria in Malawi. It was common in tuberculosis and Kaposi’s sarcoma patients and associated with ART duration<2 years and CD4>200 cells/μl. 856–861

HIV-positive children younger than 18 months are at high risk of mortality after initiation of ART. Early initiation of ART is a priority for this age group. 862–869

Filariasis

  1. Top of page
  2. COPD
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Filariasis
  5. Water Purification
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Leishmaniasis
  8. Leptospirosis
  9. Health Policy
  10. Chikungunya Fever
  11. Trials in Maternal Health
  12. Malaria

Residual microfilaraemia persisted in adult population and socio-economically under developed localities for as long as 19 years in an area that was subjected to 40-month long DEC-fortified salt intervention. 870–876

By describing the spatial distribution of lymphatic filariasis and its relationship with socio-environmental composite risk indicators, one can identify priority localities for interventions in endemic urban areas. 877–884

Water Purification

  1. Top of page
  2. COPD
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Filariasis
  5. Water Purification
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Leishmaniasis
  8. Leptospirosis
  9. Health Policy
  10. Chikungunya Fever
  11. Trials in Maternal Health
  12. Malaria

Eight domestic water purification systems widely used in India were evaluated using Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) as a model virus. Only a hollow fiber membrane unit and a gravity-fed filter unit completely removed HEV. Virologic standards in evaluating such devices need to be established urgently, to help manufacturers and consumers. 885–891

Tuberculosis

  1. Top of page
  2. COPD
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Filariasis
  5. Water Purification
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Leishmaniasis
  8. Leptospirosis
  9. Health Policy
  10. Chikungunya Fever
  11. Trials in Maternal Health
  12. Malaria

The proportion of clustered TB cases is a measure of ongoing tuberculosis transmission. It varies strongly between populations, partly due to study design and setting. By comparing observed and expected clustering, true outliers can be identified. 892–909

Leishmaniasis

  1. Top of page
  2. COPD
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Filariasis
  5. Water Purification
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Leishmaniasis
  8. Leptospirosis
  9. Health Policy
  10. Chikungunya Fever
  11. Trials in Maternal Health
  12. Malaria

Subgroups of patients suffering from visceral leishmaniasis are at increased risk of dying during hospital stay. Less toxic drugs should be evaluated and used in these patients. 910–917

All available treatments for VL in India are cost-effective. Combination treatments were more cost-effective than most monotherapies. Having multiple treatment options and combining drugs are also likely to reduce drug pressure and prolong the drugs’ life-span of effective use. 918–925

Leptospirosis

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  2. COPD
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Filariasis
  5. Water Purification
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Leishmaniasis
  8. Leptospirosis
  9. Health Policy
  10. Chikungunya Fever
  11. Trials in Maternal Health
  12. Malaria

This article reports on the diagnostic techniques and burden of leptospirosis during an epidemic that occurred in 2008 in New Caledonia. 926–929

Health Policy

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  2. COPD
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Filariasis
  5. Water Purification
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Leishmaniasis
  8. Leptospirosis
  9. Health Policy
  10. Chikungunya Fever
  11. Trials in Maternal Health
  12. Malaria

The number of empirical studies on priority-setting in developing countries has risen in the past decades. This paper reports and verifies methods for explicit priority-setting, and provides potential solutions for ad-hoc policy making in health care in developing countries. 930–939

Chikungunya Fever

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  2. COPD
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Filariasis
  5. Water Purification
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Leishmaniasis
  8. Leptospirosis
  9. Health Policy
  10. Chikungunya Fever
  11. Trials in Maternal Health
  12. Malaria

Reemergence of chikungunya in Asia with resultant morbidity reinforces that combating emerging diseases requires vigilant and responsive public health infrastructure, precise understanding of facilitating factors and active participation of communities. 940–946

Trials in Maternal Health

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  2. COPD
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Filariasis
  5. Water Purification
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Leishmaniasis
  8. Leptospirosis
  9. Health Policy
  10. Chikungunya Fever
  11. Trials in Maternal Health
  12. Malaria

Methodological shortcomings exist in cluster-randomized trials conducted in maternal and child health research in developing countries. Progress in the way that researchers utilize and analyze these trials is needed. 947–956

Malaria

  1. Top of page
  2. COPD
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Filariasis
  5. Water Purification
  6. Tuberculosis
  7. Leishmaniasis
  8. Leptospirosis
  9. Health Policy
  10. Chikungunya Fever
  11. Trials in Maternal Health
  12. Malaria

The Th2R and Th3R epitopes are implicated in host immune response to P. falciparum. The polymorphism in these epitopic regions indicates antigenic diversity, which may cause adverse outcome of a subunit vaccine including CS prototype variant. Therefore the formulation of a vaccine considering the restricted local repertoire parasite populations may be helpful. 957–966