SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Angrosino M (2007) Doing Ethnographic and Observational Research. Sage Publications Ltd, London.
  • Atuyambe L, Neema S, Otolok-Tanga E, Wamuyu-Maina G, Kasasa S, Wabwire-Mangen F (2008) The effects of enhanced access to antiretroviral therapy: a qualitative study of community perceptions in Kampala city, Uganda. African Health Sciences 8, 1319.
  • Banteyerga H, Kidanu A & Abebe F (2005) Perceived stigmatization and discrimination by health care providers toward persons with HIV/AIDS. Miz-Hasab Research Center, Addis Ababa, IntraHealth International, USAID .
  • Castro A & Farmer P (2005) Understanding and addressing AIDS-related stigma: from anthropological theory to clinical practice in Haiti. American Journal of Public Health 95, 5359.
  • Delobelle P, Rawlinson J, Ntuli S, Malatsi I, Decock R & Deporter AM (2009) HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions of rural nurses in South Africa. Journal of Advanced Nursing 65, 10611073.
  • Dootson S (1995) An in-depth study of triangulation. Journal of Advanced Nursing 22, 183187.
  • Eisele T, Mathews C & Chopra M (2008) High levels of risk behavior among people living with HIV initiating and waiting to start antiretroviral therapy in Cape Town South Africa. AIDS and Behavior 12, 570577.
  • Ezekiel MJ, Talle A, Juma JM & Klepp KI (2009) “When in the body, it makes you look fat and HIV negative”: the constitution of antiretroviral therapy in local discourse among youth in Kahe, Tanzania. Social Science & Medicine 68, 957964.
  • Graneheim UH & Lundman B (2004) Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness. Nurse Education Today 24, 105112.
  • Gray RH, Li X & Wawer MJ (2003) Stochastic simulation of the impact of antiretroviral therapy and HIV vaccines on HIV transmission; Rakai, Uganda. AIDS 17, 19411951.
  • Greenbaum T (1999) Moderating Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Group Facilitation. Sage Publications Inc, CA.
  • Hargreaves JR, Linda AM & Jane C (2002) Socioeconomic status and risk of HIV infection in an urban population in Kenya. Tropical Medicine & International Health 7, 793802.
  • Heywood MJ (2005) The routine offer of HIV counseling and testing: a human right. Health and Human Rights 8, 1319.
  • Horsman JM & Sheeran P (1995) Health care workers and HIV/AIDS: a critical review of the literature. Social Science & Medicine 41, 15351567.
  • Kalichman SC & Simbayi LC (2003) HIV testing attitudes, AIDS stigma, and voluntary HIV counselling and testing in a black township in Cape Town, South Africa. Sexually Transmitted Infections 79, 442447.
  • Kalichman SC, Simbayi L & Cain D (2009) HIV transmission risk behaviours among HIV seropositive sexually transmitted infection clinic patients in Cape Town, South Africa. European Journal of Public Health ckp127.
  • Kober K & Van Damme W (2004) Scaling up access to antiretroviral treatment in southern Africa: who will do the job? The Lancet 364, 103107.
  • Letamo G (2005) The Discriminatory Attitudes of Health Workers against People Living with HIV. PLoS Medicine 2, e261.
  • Meena R (2009) Paid Care Workers in Tanzania: A general description of nurses and home base care givers. Available at: http://www.hrhresourcecenter.org/node/2684 (accessed 24 June 2010).
  • MOH T (2003) Burden of Disease Profile- Coastal Zone – TEHIP Coastal Sentinel Surveillance System Data for 2002. Available at: http://www.ihi.or.tz/docs/TzHIV-MalariaIndicatorSurvey-07-08-PreliminaryReport.pdf (accessed 5 July 2010).
  • MOH T (2008) Tanzania HIV/AIDS and Malaria Indicator Survey 2007–2008. Available at: http://www.ihi.or.tz/docs/TzHIV-MalariaIndicatorSurvey-07-08-PreliminaryReport.pdf (accessed 12 December 2008).
  • Moszynski P (2008) International protocols are needed to boost public confidence in universal HIV testing. BMJ 337, a2680.
  • Mschana GH (2006) Barriers to accessing antiretroviral therapy in Kisesa, Tanzania: a qualitative study of Early rural referrals to the national program. AIDS Patient Care and STDs 20, 649657.
  • Mustone L (2007) Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences. Umeå: OPEN CODE. Available at: http://www.umu.se/phmed/epidemi/forskning/open_code.html (accessed 20 February 2008).
  • NBS T (2002) Household budget survey 2000/01.
  • Obermeyer CM & Osborn M (2007) The utilization of testing and counseling for HIV: a review of the social and behavioral evidence. American Journal of Public Health 97, 17621774.
  • Ojikutu B, Makadzange A & Gaolathe T (2008) Scaling up ART treatment capacity: lessons learned from South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Botswana. Current HIV/AIDS Reports 5, 9498.
  • Patton M (2002) Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods. Sage Publications, Inc, CA.
  • Reis C, Heisler M, Amowitz LI et al. (2005) Discriminatory attitudes and practices by health workers toward patients with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. PLoS Medicine 2, e246.
  • Roura M, Urassa M, Busza J, Mbata D, Wringe A & Zaba B (2008) Scaling up stigma? The effects of antiretroviral roll-out on stigma and HIV testing. Early evidence from rural Tanzania. Sexually Transmitted Infections sti.2008.033183.
  • Sadoh AE, Sadoh WE, Fawole AO, Oladimeji A & Sotiloye O (2009) Attitude of health care workers to patients and colleagues infected with human immunodeficiency virus. SAHARA J 6, 1723.
  • Somi G, Matee M & Makene CI (2009) Three years of HIV/AIDS care and treatment services in Tanzania:achievements and challenges. Tanzania Journal of Health Research 11, 136s.
  • UNAIDS (2009) AIDS Epidemic Update December 2009. Available at: http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2009/JC1700_Epi_Update_2009_en.pdf.
  • UNGASS (2008) UNGASS Country Progress report Tanzania Mainland, reporting period jan 2006-dec 2007.
  • Wolfe WR, Weiser SD, Leiter K et al. (2008) The impact of universal access to antiretroviral therapy on HIV stigma in Botswana. American Journal of Public Health 98, 18651871.
  • Worthington C & Myers T (2003) Factors underlying anxiety in HIV testing: risk perceptions, stigma, and the patient-provider power dynamic. Qualitative Health Research 13, 636655.
  • Wringe A (2008) Uptake of HIV voluntary counselling and testing services in rural Tanzania: implications for effective HIV prevention and equitable access to treatment. Tropical Medicine and International Health 13, 319327.