Per diems undermine health interventions, systems and research in Africa: burying our heads in the sand


  • Valéry Ridde

    1.  Research Centre of the University of Montreal Hospital Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada
    2.  Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, QC, Canada
    3.  Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé, CNRST, Burkina Faso
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Corresponding Author Valéry Ridde, CRCHUM, 3875 St-Urbain, 507, Montréal, QC H2W 1V1, Canada. Tel.: +1 514 890–8156; Fax: +1 514 412 7108; E-mail: