SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Agyepong IA & Nagai R (2007) An assessment of the effectiveness of the fee exemptions versus national health insurance policies and programs in providing financial access to outpatient clinical services for children under five in Ghana. Unpublished research report. Ghana Dutch Collaboration for Health Research. Health Research Unit, Accra, Ghana.
  • Agyepong IA & Adjei S (2008) Public social policy development and implementation: a case study of the Ghana National Health Insurance scheme. Health Policy Plan 23, 150160.
  • Ansah EK, Narh-Bana S, Asiamah S et al. (2009) Effect of removing direct payment for health care on utilisation and health outcomes in Ghanaian children: a randomised controlled trial. PLoS Med. 6, e1000007. Erratum in: PLoS Med. 62, e1000033.
  • Asante F & Aikins M (2007) Does the NHIS cover the poor? Danida/Institute of Statistical Social and Economic Research (ISSER), University of Ghana. Legon, Accra, Ghana.
  • Atim C (1999) Social movements and health insurance: a critical evaluation of voluntary, non-profit insurance schemes with case studies from Ghana and Cameroon. Social Science and Medicine 48, 881896.
  • Baltussen R, Bruce E, Rhodes G, Narh-Bana SA & Agyepong I (2006) Management of mutual health organizations in Ghana. Tropical Medicine and International Health 11, 654659.
  • Bitran R & Giedion U (2003) Waivers and Exemptions for Health Services in Developing countries. World Bank Social Protection discussion papers series No. 0308. Social Protection Unit. Human Development Network. The World Bank. 1818 H Street. N.W. Washington DC 20433.
  • Boateng R (2008) National Health Insurance Scheme. Presentation at the 2008 Health Summit, Accra, 21st April 2008.
  • Bosu WK, Laryea-Adjei G & McIntryre D (2004) A Review of the Ghana Health Sector’s Pro-poor Agenda. A key area review report for the annual health sector review 2003. Accra, March 2004.
  • Carrin G, Waelkens M & Criel B (2005) Community-based health insurance in developing countries: a study of its contribution to the performance of health financing systems. Tropical Medicine and International Health 10, 799811.
  • Culyer AJ & Meads A (1992) The United Kingdom: Proactive, Efficient, Equitable? Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 17, 667687.
  • van Doorslaer E, O’Donnell O, Rannan-Eliya RP et al. (2006) Effects of payment for health care on poverty estimates in 11 countries in Asia: an analysis of household survey data. Lancet 368, 13571364.
  • Evans RG (1992) The Canadian Health Care Financing and Health System: its experience and lessons for other nations. Yale Law and Policy Review 10, 362396.
  • Garshong B., Ansah E., Dakpallah G., Huijts I. & Adjei S. (2001). “We are still paying”: A Study on factors affecting the implementation of exemptions policy in Ghana. Unpublished research report. Health Research Unit. P.O. Box 184, Accra, Ghana.
  • Garshong B, Ansah E, Dakpallah G, Hujits I & Adjei S (2001) A study on factors affecting the implementation of the exemptions policy in Ghana. Health Research Unit MOH/Ghana Health Service & Danida Ghana, Accra, Ghana.
  • Gilson L & McIntyre D (2005) Removing user fees for primary care in Africa: the need for careful action. BMJ 331, 762765.
  • Graf van der Schulenburg JM (1992) Germany: solidarity at a price. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 17, 715738.
  • Ikegami N (1992) Japan: maintaining Equity though Regulated Fees. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 17, 689713.
  • Kivumbi GW & Kintu F (2002) Exemptions and waivers from cost sharing: ineffective safety nets in decentralized districts in Uganda. Health Policy and Planning. 17, 6471.
  • McIntyre D, Garshong B, Mtei G et al. (2008) Beyond fragmentation and towards universal coverage: insights from Ghana, South Africa and the United Republic of Tanzania. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 86, 871876.
  • MOH (2006) Review of the Exemption Policy. A report of the Annual Health Sector Review 2005. Review team: M.Aikens & D. K.Arhinful, Accra, Ghana.
  • MOH (2009) Pulling together, achieving more. Independent review of health sector program of work 2008 (Draft). Accra, Ghana.
  • Mubyazi GM (2004) The Tanzanian Policy on Health Care Fee Waivers and Exemptions in Practice as compared with other developing countries. Evidence from recent local studies and international literature. East African Journal of Public Health. Vol 1, 1117.
  • Nyonator F, Diamenu S, Amedo E & Eleeza J (1996) Caring for the health of the poor – Policy versus implementation. A baseline evaluation of exemption practices within health facilities in the Volta region of Ghana. Available at http://www.danida-health.
  • Palmer N, Mueller DH, Gilson L, Mills A & Haines A (2004) Health Financing to promote access in low income settings – how much do we know? Lancet 364, 13651370.
  • Prichard W & Bentum I (2009) Taxation and development in Ghana: Finance, Equity and Accountability. University of Sussex, Spain.
  • Republic of Ghana (2003) Act 650. Republic of Ghana, Accra.
  • Savedoff W (2004) Tax based financing for health systems: Options and experiences World Health Organization, Geneva.
  • SEND – Ghana (2010) Balancing Access with Quality Health Care: An Assessment of the NHIS in Ghana (2004–2008). http:/http://www.sendwestafrica.org.
  • SHIELD (2010) Who pays for health care in Ghana. URL http://web.uct.ac.za/depts/heu/SHIELD/about/about.htm.
  • VirojT & PongpisutJ, eds. (2004). From Policy to Implementation: Historical Events during 2001–2004 of Universal Coverage in Thailand National Health Security Office, Thailand. http://www.nhso.go .
  • Wahab H (2008) Assessing the implementation of Ghana’s NHIS law. Paper prepared for workshop in political theory and policy analysis mini-conference, Spring 2008. http://www.indiana.edu/~workshop/publications/materials/conference_papers/Wahab.pdf (accessed 14 September 2010).
  • Witter S & Adjei S (2007) Start-stop funding, its causes and consequences: a case study of the delivery exemptions policy in Ghana. International Journal of Health Planning and Management. 22:133143.
  • Witter S & Garshong B (2009) Something old or something new? Social health insurance in Ghana. BMC International Health and Human Rights 9, 20.
  • Witter S, Arhinful DK, Kusi A & Zakariah-Akoto S (2007) The experience of Ghana in implementing a user fee exemption policy to provide free delivery care. Reprod Health Matters. Nov., 15:6171.
  • World Bank (2010) World Development Indicators database. http://data.worldbank.org/country/ghana (accessed 11 September 2010).