SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anema A, Au-Yeung CG, Joffres M et al. (2011) Estimating the impact of expanded access to antiretroviral therapy on maternal, paternal and double orphans in sub-Saharan Africa, 2009–2020. AIDS Research and Therapy 8, 13.
  • Beegle K, De Weerdt J & Dercon S (2009) HIV/AIDS The intergenerational impact of the African orphans crisis: a cohort study from an HIV/AIDS affected area. International Journal of Epidemiology 38, 561568.
  • Birdthistle IJ, Floyd S, Machingura A et al. (2008) From affected to infected? Orphanhood and HIV risk among female adolescents in urban Zimbabwe. AIDS 22, 759766.
  • Bishai D, Suliman ED, Brahmbhatt H et al. (2003) Does biological relatedness affect survival? Demographic Research 8, 261278. http://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol8/9/. (Accessed on 30 May 2012).
  • Boerma JT, Nunn AJ & Whitworth JA (1998) Mortality impact of the AIDS epidemic: evidence from communnity studies in less developed countries. AIDS 12(Suppl 1), S3S14.
  • Gregson S, Zaba B & Garnett PG (1999) Low fertility in women with HIV and the impact of the epidemic on orphanhood and early childhood mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS 13(Suppl A), S249S257.
  • Gregson S, Nyamukapa CA, Garnett GP et al. (2005) HIV infection and reproductive health in teenage women orphaned and made vulnerable by AIDS in Zimbabwe. AIDS Care 17, 785794.
  • Herbst AJ, Cooke GS, Bärnighausen T et al. (2009) Adult mortality and antiretroviral treatment roll-out in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 87, 754762.
  • Hosegood V, Floyd S, Marston M et al. (2007) The effects of high HIV prevalence on orphanhood and living arrangements of children in Malawi, Tanzania, and South Africa. Population Studies 61, 327336.
  • Jahn A, Floyd S, Crampin AC et al. (2008) Population-level effect of HIV on adult mortality and early evidence of reversal after introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Malawi. Lancet 371, 16031611.
  • John S, Fidzani B, Molomo BC et al. (2008) Estimated HIV Trends and Program Effects in Botswana. PLoS ONE 3, e3729.
  • Jonathan M, Lule J, Ekwaru JP et al. (2004) Effect of co-trimoxazole prophylaxis on morbidity, mortality, CD4-cell count, and viral load in HIV infection in rural Uganda. Lancet 364, 14281434.
  • Jonathan M, Willy W, Ekwaru JP et al. (2008) Mortality in HIV-infected Ugandan adults receiving antiretroviral treatment and survival of their HIV-uninfected children: a prospective cohort study. Lancet 371, 752759.
  • Makumbi FE, Gray RH, Serwadda D et al. (2005) The incidence and prevalence of orphanhood associated with parental HIV infection: a population-based study in Rakai, Uganda. AIDS 19, 16691676.
  • Mulder DW, Nunn AJ, Wagner HU, Kamali A et al. (1994) HIV-1 incidence and HIV-1-associated mortality mortality in a rural Ugandan population cohort. AIDS 8, 8792.
  • Nakigozi G, Makumbi F, Reynolds S et al. (2011) Non-enrollment for free community HIV care: findings from a population-based study in Rakai, Uganda. AIDS Care 23, 764770.
  • Nunn AJ, Mwaba P, Chintu C et al. (2008) Role of co-trimoxazole prophylaxis in reducing mortality in HIV infected adults being treated for tuberculosis: randomised clinical trial. BMJ 337, a257.
  • Nyandiko WM, Mwangi A, Ayaya SO et al. (2009) Characteristics of HIV-infected children seen in Western Kenya. East African Medical Journal 86, 364373.
  • Palermo T & Peterman A (2009) Are female orphans at risk for early marriage, early sexual debut, and teen pregnancy? Evidence from sub-Saharan Africa. Studies in Family Planning 40, 101112.
  • Rajaratnam JK, Marcus JR, Levin-Rector A et al. (2010) Worldwide mortality in men and women aged 15–59 years from 1970 to 2010: a systematic analysis. Lancet 375, 17041720.
  • Reniers G, Araya T, Davey G et al. (2009) Steep declines in population-level AIDS mortality following the introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. AIDS 23, 511518.
  • Rockhill B, Newman B & Weinberg C (1998) Use and misuse of population attributable fractions. American Journal of Public Health 88, 1519.
  • Ruiz-Casares M, Thombs BD & Rousseau C (2009) The association of single and doubleorphanhood with symptoms of depression among children and adolescents in Namibia. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 18, 36976.
  • Sarkar NR, Biswas KB, Khatun UH & Datta AK (2003) Characteristics of young foster children in the urban slums of Bangladesh. Acta Paediatrica 92, 839842.
  • Sewankambo NK, Wawer MJ, Gray RH et al. (1994) Demographic impact of HIV infection in rural Rakai district, Uganda: results of a population-based cohort study. AIDS 8, 17071713.
  • Sewankambo NK, Gray RH, Ahmad S et al. (2000) Mortality associated with HIV infection in rural Rakai District, Uganda. AIDS 14, 23912400.
  • Todd J, Balira R, Grosskurth H, Mayaud P et al. (1997) HIV-associated adult mortality in a rural Tanzanian population. AIDS 11, 801807.
  • UDHS (2006) The 2006 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (2006 UDHS) was implemented by the Uganda. Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). http://www.measuredhs.com
  • UNIADS/WHO (2010) UNAIDS Report on the global AIDS epidemic 2010; CHAPTER 2 EPIDEMIC UPDATE. http://www.unaids.org/documents/20101123_GlobalReport_Chap2_em.pdf (accessed May 31, 2012).
  • Watts H, Lopman B, Nyamukapa C & Gregson S (2005) Rising incidence and prevalence of orphanhood in Manicaland, Zimbabwe, 1998 to 2003. AIDS 19, 717725.