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Child health

  1. Top of page
  2. Child health
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Malaria
  5. Lassa fever
  6. Melioidosis
  7. Neurocysticercosis
  8. Tapeworm
  9. Dengue
  10. Breast cancer
  11. Tuberculosis

Women’s education, maternal nutrition and household wealth and family planning are key factors to improving birth outcomes in Lombok. 938–950

Home management of under-five fevers with both AAQ and AAQ+AMX in rural areas is cost-effective in reducing under-five mortality. 951–957

Although under-fives in Kenya are legally exempt from charges for medical treatment, district hospitals continue to charge high unofficial fees. Financing mechanisms that protect the families of sick children from financial risk are urgently needed to improve child survival. 958–961

HIV/AIDS

  1. Top of page
  2. Child health
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Malaria
  5. Lassa fever
  6. Melioidosis
  7. Neurocysticercosis
  8. Tapeworm
  9. Dengue
  10. Breast cancer
  11. Tuberculosis

Good nutrition, even in the absence of ART, can improve growth in severely malnourished HIV-infected orphans in care homes. 962–971

A wide range of approaches is used to educate and prepare HIV-infected patients before starting ART in Cape Town, South Africa. This often results in considerable delays to treatment. 972–977

In China, the steadily rising HIV prevalence in voluntary blood donors in the past decade signals a potential threat to blood bank safety. Effective interventions are needed. 978–988

Malaria

  1. Top of page
  2. Child health
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Malaria
  5. Lassa fever
  6. Melioidosis
  7. Neurocysticercosis
  8. Tapeworm
  9. Dengue
  10. Breast cancer
  11. Tuberculosis

The recognition of PvDBP by a significant proportion of subjects in the Brazilian Amazon, associated with low levels of DBPII diversity among local P. vivax, confirms the variety of malaria transmission patterns in frontier settlements. Such studies can provide baseline information for antimalarial vaccines under development. 989–1000

Lassa fever

  1. Top of page
  2. Child health
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Malaria
  5. Lassa fever
  6. Melioidosis
  7. Neurocysticercosis
  8. Tapeworm
  9. Dengue
  10. Breast cancer
  11. Tuberculosis

The case fatality rate of Lassa fever in hospitalised patients in Edo State, Nigeria, is 29%. Prevalence among outpatients is low. Surveillance should focus on the hospitalised patient. 1001–1004

Melioidosis

  1. Top of page
  2. Child health
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Malaria
  5. Lassa fever
  6. Melioidosis
  7. Neurocysticercosis
  8. Tapeworm
  9. Dengue
  10. Breast cancer
  11. Tuberculosis

In hot-spot areas of melioidosis in Taiwan the distribution of cases is related to water or soil contaminated with Burkholderia pseudomallei. 1005–1013

Neurocysticercosis

  1. Top of page
  2. Child health
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Malaria
  5. Lassa fever
  6. Melioidosis
  7. Neurocysticercosis
  8. Tapeworm
  9. Dengue
  10. Breast cancer
  11. Tuberculosis

Beyond symptomatic measures, management of neurocystercosis depends on parasitic and host characteristics only provided by CT or MROI. If imaging is not available, serological confirmation may not change patient management or referral, nor require action in symptomatic cases. 1014–1018

Tapeworm

  1. Top of page
  2. Child health
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Malaria
  5. Lassa fever
  6. Melioidosis
  7. Neurocysticercosis
  8. Tapeworm
  9. Dengue
  10. Breast cancer
  11. Tuberculosis

The epidemiology of Taenia solium in Nepal is likely to be influenced by the specific Nepalese social composition and the presence of Taenia asiatica. 1019–1022

Dengue

  1. Top of page
  2. Child health
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Malaria
  5. Lassa fever
  6. Melioidosis
  7. Neurocysticercosis
  8. Tapeworm
  9. Dengue
  10. Breast cancer
  11. Tuberculosis

The 2009 dengue classification works well in endemic areas. But in travellers the sensitivity, specificity and prediction of disease severity do not appear superior to the 1975 classification. 1023–1030

Breast cancer

  1. Top of page
  2. Child health
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Malaria
  5. Lassa fever
  6. Melioidosis
  7. Neurocysticercosis
  8. Tapeworm
  9. Dengue
  10. Breast cancer
  11. Tuberculosis

Phased introduction of CBE screening and perhaps raising awareness through mass media, while simultaneously scaling-up treatment and palliative facilities, are needed for breast cancer control in Ghana. 1031–1043

Tuberculosis

  1. Top of page
  2. Child health
  3. HIV/AIDS
  4. Malaria
  5. Lassa fever
  6. Melioidosis
  7. Neurocysticercosis
  8. Tapeworm
  9. Dengue
  10. Breast cancer
  11. Tuberculosis

Many high burden, low income TB programs are not sustainably funded. Increases in donor funding for health should be accompanied by requirements to increase domestic funding for health. 1044–1046