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Treatment protocols for demodicosis: an evidence-based review

Authors

  • Ralf S. Mueller

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
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Ralf S. Mueller, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA. E-mail: rmueller@colostate.edu

Abstract

Abstract  Publications discussing the treatment of demodicosis in the dog and cat are reviewed. Based on the evidence in the literature, amitraz rinses at 0.025–0.06% every 7–14 days, and oral daily ivermectin at 300 µg kg−1, milbemycin at 2 mg kg−1 and moxidectin at 400 µg kg−1, respectively, can all be recommended for the treatment of generalized canine demodicosis. Ivermectin and moxidectin should be initiated at lower doses and patients monitored for possible adverse effects during therapy. In cats, 2% lime sulfur dips and amitraz rinses at 0.0125–0.025% have been used successfully.

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