SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Abstract

Objective  To assess the safety and efficacy of a 0.005% mixture of solasodine glycosides (Zycure) in the treatment of basal cell carcinoma.

Design  Double-blind, randomized, and vehicle-controlled, parallel group study.

Setting  Ten centers in the United Kingdom.

Participants  Male, n = 50; female, n = 44; age range, 32–95 years (Table 1).

Table 1.  Demographics
CharacteristicTreatment group
Zycure n = 62Vehicle n = 32
Age (in years): mean68.970.0
Sex: male3317
Sex: female2915
Race: Caucasian6232

Intervention  Ninety-four patients were randomized on a 2 : 1 ratio (n = 62, Zycure; n = 32, vehicle). Histologically confirmed lesions were treated double blinded, twice daily under occlusion with Zycure or vehicle for 8 weeks. Patients were reviewed fortnightly for adverse effects and overall response. Successfully treated patients were followed up at six-month intervals for a year.

Main outcome measures  The primary efficacy endpoint was histologically confirmed clearance of the basal cell carcinoma (2-mm punch biopsy) at the end of 8-week treatment.

Results  Efficacy (intention-to-treat population) at 8 weeks was 66% (41/62) in the Zycure group, compared to 25% (8/32) in the vehicle group (P < 0.001; Cochran–Mantel–Haenszel test). Ninety percent (37/41) of the Zycure group completed follow-up at six-month intervals for 1 year, of whom 78% (29/37) had no recurrence. There were no major treatment-related adverse effects, although 10 patients in Zycure group did not complete the treatment protocol for various reasons.

Conclusion  We conclude that the solasodine glycoside cream Zycure is a safe therapy for basal cell carcinoma, with a cure rate of 66% at 8 weeks and 78% at 1 year follow-up.