Current status of HIV infection: a review for non-HIV-treating physicians

Authors



Bettina Knoll, md, phd Department of Medicine Mayo Clinic College of Medicine 200 First St. SW Rochester, MN 55905
E-mail: knoll.bettina@mayo.edu

Abstract

An estimated 40 million people live with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) globally, and over four million people were newly diagnosed with HIV infection in 2006. Twenty-five million people have died as a result of HIV since its recognition in 1981. Where available, highly active antiretroviral therapy has resulted in significant decreases in HIV-associated morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, opportunistic infections and conditions continue to occur, and their recognition and management continue to be an important component of HIV care.

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