Current status of HIV infection: a review for non-HIV-treating physicians


Bettina Knoll, md, phd Department of Medicine Mayo Clinic College of Medicine 200 First St. SW Rochester, MN 55905


An estimated 40 million people live with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) globally, and over four million people were newly diagnosed with HIV infection in 2006. Twenty-five million people have died as a result of HIV since its recognition in 1981. Where available, highly active antiretroviral therapy has resulted in significant decreases in HIV-associated morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, opportunistic infections and conditions continue to occur, and their recognition and management continue to be an important component of HIV care.