Dermoscopy: basic concepts

Authors

  • Gabriella Campos-do-Carmo MD,

    1. From the Sector of Dermatology and Post-Graduation Course in Dermatology, HUCFF/UFRJ, and School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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  • Marcia Ramos-e-Silva MD, PhD

    1. From the Sector of Dermatology and Post-Graduation Course in Dermatology, HUCFF/UFRJ, and School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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Gabriella de Campos do Carmo, MD Botafogo Medical Center Rua Dona Mariana 143 Group C-32 22280-020 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
E-mail: gabriella.de@terra.com.br

Abstract

Dermoscopy is a very useful technique for the analysis of pigmented skin lesions. It represents a link between clinical and histological views, permitting an earlier diagnosis of skin melanoma. It also helps in the diagnosis of many other pigmented skin lesions, such as seborrheic keratosis, pigmented basal cell carcinoma, hemangioma, blue nevus, atypical nevus, and mole, which can often clinically simulate melanoma. In this article, dermoscopy is reviewed from its history to the basic concepts of the interpretation of dermoscopic images. The goal is to introduce this subject to those not yet familiar with it, in order to instigate and encourage the training and practice of this technique of growing importance for everyday usage.

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