Overall survival in erythrodermic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: an analysis of prognostic factors in a cohort of patients with erythrodermic cutaneous T-cell lymphoma

Authors



Kelley A. Vidulich, MD Department of Dermatology M.D. Anderson Cancer Center 1515 Holcombe Blvd–Box 434 Houston, TX 77027
E-mail: kvidulich@hotmail.com

Abstract

Background  The most common cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs) are mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome.

Aim  To determine whether blood stage and other prognostic variables affect overall survival (OS) in CTCL.

Methods  We studied retrospectively 1197 CTCL patients seen at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center since 1987.

Results  We identified 124 (10.3%) patients with erythrodermic CTCL (E-CTCL), 63% of whom had positive gene rearrangements in skin and 19 of whom had no evidence of hematologic involvement. The median age at diagnosis was 63 years (range, 26–90 years); the male to female ratio was 1.3 : 1. OS curves were estimated by the Kaplan–Meier method and compared using log-rank tests. The median OS in all 124 E-CTCL patients was 5.1 years (range, 0.4–18.6 years) regardless of the cause of death or blood involvement. Patients were stratified by the H0–H4 staging system with manual or flow cytometric determination of Sézary cell counts (Russell-Jones R, Whittaker SJ. Sézary syndrome: diagnostic criteria and therapeutic options. Semin Cutan Med Surg 2000; 19: 100–108). The median OS was 7.6 years for H0–H2 (< 1000 Sézary cells/L) (n = 23), 5.4 years for H3 (≥ 1000 to ≤ 10,000 Sézary cells/L) (n = 79), and 2.4 years for H4 (≥ 10,000 Sézary cells/L) (n = 22) (P = 0.011). Treatment with systemic steroids, age, serum lactate dehydrogenase, and white blood cell count ≥ 20,000 µL were significant prognostic factors, but large cell transformation, T-cell receptor gene rearrangement, tumor–node–metastasis stage, treatments, and CD4 : CD8 ratio were not. In multivariate analysis, advanced age and elevated lactate dehydrogenase were the strongest predictors of a poor prognosis.

Conclusions  Serum LDH and age were the strongest predictive factors for OS in E-CTCL.

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