Conflicts of interest: None.
Prevalence of xerosis, eczema, and hair and nail abnormalities in PLWHA in Cotonou, Benin
Article first published online: 4 DEC 2012
© 2012 The International Society of Dermatology
International Journal of Dermatology
Special Issue: African Hair and Skin
Volume 51, Issue Supplement s1, pages 48–50, November 2012
How to Cite
Atadokpede, F., Adegbidi, H., Sehonou, J. J., Koudoukpo, C., Houenassi, D. M., Yedomon, H. G. and Do Ango-Padonou, F. (2012), Prevalence of xerosis, eczema, and hair and nail abnormalities in PLWHA in Cotonou, Benin. International Journal of Dermatology, 51: 48–50. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-4632.2012.05569.x
- Issue published online: 4 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 4 DEC 2012
Background The objective of this investigation was to study the prevalence of xerosis, eczema, and hair and nail abnormalities in PLWHA in Cotonou.
Patients and methods A retrospective study was performed on the records of PLWHA in Cotonou. All PLWHA with xerosis, eczema, or abnormal appendages were included.
Results Forty-seven patients had xerosis or eczema. Their mean age was 38 years; the sex ratio 0.51 and the mean CD4 count 89 cells/mm3. Twenty-three patients had xerosis, which affected the whole body (n = 20), lower limb (n = 2), limbs and trunk (n = 1), without gender difference. Twenty-four patients had eczema of which eight had both eczema and xerosis. Forty-two patients had abnormalities of the hair or nails. Their sex ratio was 0.80 and the mean CD4 count 110 cells/mm3. Nineteen patients had abnormalities of the hair and scalp: straight hair (n = 16), squamous lesions (n = 2), and folliculitis abscess (n = 1) with a male predominance. Twenty-three patients had nail dermatophytosis (n = 15), candidiasis (n = 7), and ingrowing nails (n = 1). These conditions affected more often women (74%) than men (26%).
Conclusion The prevalence of eczema and xerosis is low in our patients. Onychomycosis was the most frequent nail abnormality.