A review of applications of tea tree oil in dermatology

Authors


  • Funding: None.

  • Conflicts of interest: None.

Correspondence

Nader Pazyar, md

Department of Dermatology

Imam Khomeini Hospital

Azadegan Street

Ahvaz 6193673166
Iran

E-mail: dr.pazyar@gmail.com

Abstract

Tea tree oil (TTO) is an essential oil, steam-distilled from the Australian native plant, Melaleuca alternifolia. It has a minimum content of terpinen-4-ol and a maximum content of 1, 8-cineole. Terpinen-4-ol is a major TTO component which exhibits strong antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. Tea tree oil exerts antioxidant activity and has been reported to have broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity against bacterial, viral, fungal, and protozoal infections affecting skin and mucosa. Several studies have suggested the uses of TTO for the treatment of acne vulgaris, seborrheic dermatitis, and chronic gingivitis. It also accelerates the wound healing process and exhibits anti-skin cancer activity. This review opens up new horizons for dermatologists in the use of this herbal agent.

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